Tag Archives: Romans

Romans 10:9-21

A. (9) That if thou shalt confess with thy mouth the Lord Jesus,

B. and shalt believe

C. in thine heart

D. that God hath raised him from the dead, thou shalt be saved.

C’. (10) For with the heart

B’. man believeth unto righteousness;

A’. and with the mouth confession is made. unto salvation.

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A. (11) For the scripture saith, Whosoever believeth on him shall not be ashamed.

B. (12) For there is no difference between the Jew and the Greeks:

B’. for the same Lord over all is rich unto all that call upon him.

A’. (13) For whosoever shall call upon the name of the Lord shall be saved.

——

A. 14 How then shall they call on him in whom they have not believed?

B. and how shall they believe in him of whom they have not heard?

C. and how shall they hear without a preacher?

D.  15 And how shall they preach, except they be sent?

E. as it is written, How beautiful are the feet of them that preach the gospel of peace, and bring glad tidings of good things.

——

A. 16 But they have not all obeyed the gospel. For Esaias saith, Lord, who hath believed our report?

B. 17 So then faith cometh by hearing,

C. and hearing by the word of God.

A’. 18 But I say,

B’. Have they not heard?

C’. Yes verily, their sound went into all the earth, and their words unto the ends of the world.

——

A. 19 But I say, Did not Israel know?

B. First Moses saith, I will provoke you to jealousy by them that are no people, and by a foolish nation I will anger you.

B’. 20 But Esaias is very bold, and saith, I was found of them that sought me not; I was made manifest unto them that asked not after me.

A’. 21 But to Israel he saith, All day long I have stretched forth my hands unto a disobedient and gainsaying people.

Romans 12:1-21

A. 1 I beseech you therefore, brethren, by the mercies of God, that ye present your bodies a living sacrifice, holy, acceptable unto God, which is your reasonable service.

B. 2 And be not conformed to this world:

B’. but be ye transformed by the renewing of your mind,

A’. that ye may prove what is that good, and acceptable, and perfect, will of God.

2A.(3) For I say, through the grace given unto me, to every man that is among you, not to think of himself more highly than he ought to think; but to think soberly, according as God hath dealt to every man the measure of faith.

2B.(4) For as we have many members in one body,

2C. and all members have not the same office:

2B’.(5) So we, being many, are one body in Christ,

2C’. and every one members one of another.

2A’. (6) Having then gifts differing according to the grace that is given to us, whether prophecy, let us prophesy according to the proportion of faith; whether prophecy, let us prophesy according to the proportion of faith; 7 Or ministry, let us wait on our ministering: or he that teacheth, on teaching; 8 Or he that exhorteth, on exhortation: he that giveth, let him do it with simplicity; he that ruleth, with diligence; he that sheweth mercy, with cheerfulness.

3A. 9 Let love be without dissimulation.

i. Abhor that which is evil;
cleave to that which is good.

ii. 10 Be kindly affectioned one to another with brotherly love;
in honour preferring one another;

iii. 11 Not slothful in business;
fervent in spirit;
serving the Lord;

iv. 12 Rejoicing in hope;
patient in tribulation;
continuing instant in prayer;

v. 13 Distributing to the necessity of saints;
given to hospitality.

vi. 14 Bless them which persecute you:
bless, and curse not.

vii. 15 Rejoice with them that do rejoice,
and weep with them that weep.

viii. 16 Be of the same mind one toward another.
Mind not high things,

ix. but condescend to men of low estate.
Be not wise in your own conceits.

x. 17 Recompense to no man evil for evil.
Provide things honest in the sight of all men.
18 If it be possible, as much as lieth in you, live peaceably with all men.

4A. 19 Dearly beloved, avenge not yourselves, but rather give place unto wrath: for it is written, Vengeance is mine; I will repay, saith the Lord.

4B. 20 Therefore if thine enemy hunger, feed him; if he thirst, give him drink:

4B’. for in so doing thou shalt heap coals of fire on his head.

4A’. 21 Be not overcome of evil, but overcome evil with good.

Romans 5:12-21*

Note: this is a slightly amended version of the set below and which separates out the outer sections in a different way. The centre stays the same.

A.i. (12)  Wherefore, as by one man sin entered into the world, and death by sin; and so death passed upon all men, for that all have sinned:

ii. (13) For until the law sin was in the world: but sin is not imputed when there is no law.

iii. (14) Nevertheless death reigned from Adam to Moses, even over them that had not sinned after the similitude of Adam’s transgression, who is the figure of him that was to come.

B. (15) But not as the offence, so also is the free gift.

C. For if through the offence of one many be dead, much more the grace of God  and the gift by grace, which is by one man, Jesus Christ, hath abounded unto many.

D. (16) And not as it was by one that sinned, so is the gift:

E. for the judgment was by one to condemnation,

D’. but the free gift is of many offences unto justification.

C’. (17) For if by one man’s offence death reigned by one; much more they which receive abundance of grace and of the gift of righteousness shall reign in life by one, Jesus Christ.)

B’. (18) Therefore as by the offence of one judgment came upon all men to condemnation; even so by the righteousness of one the free gift came upon all men unto justification of life.

A’.i. (19) For as by one man’s disobedience many were made sinners, so by the obedience of one shall many be made righteous.

ii. (20) Moreover the law entered, that the offence might abound.

iii. But where sin abounded, grace did much more abound: (21) That as sin hath reigned unto death, even so might grace reign through righteousness unto eternal life by Jesus Christ our Lord.


A. (12)  Wherefore, as by one man sin entered into the world, and death by sin; and so death passed upon all men, for that all have sinned:

B. (13) For until the law sin was in the world: but sin is not imputed when there is no law.

C. (14) Nevertheless death reigned from Adam to Moses, even over them that had not sinned after the similitude of Adam’s transgression, who is the figure of him that was to come.

D. (15) But not as the offence, so also is the free gift.

E. For if through the offence of one many be dead, much more the grace of God  and the gift by grace, which is by one man, Jesus Christ, hath abounded unto many.

F. (16) And not as it was by one that sinned, so is the gift:

G. for the judgment was by one to condemnation,

F’. but the free gift is of many offences unto justification.

E’. (17) For if by one man’s offence death reigned by one;
much more they which receive abundance of grace and of the gift of righteousness shall reign in life by one, Jesus Christ.)

D’. (18) Therefore as by the offence of one judgment came upon all men to condemnation; even so by the righteousness of one the free gift came upon all men unto justification of life.

C’. (19) For as by one man’s disobedience many were made sinners, so by the obedience of one shall many be made righteous.

B’. (20) Moreover the law entered, that the offence might abound.

A.’ But where sin abounded, grace did much more abound: (21) That as sin hath reigned unto death, even so might grace reign through righteousness unto eternal life by Jesus Christ our Lord.

Note:  The pattern is almost identical to a pattern for the same passage published by Ian H. Thomson in “Chiasmus in the Pauline Epistles”, Journal For The Study Of The New Testament Supplement Series 111, Sheffield Academic press, Sheffield, 1995. This post had not been copied but was discovered independently. 

Romans 8:9-13

A.(9)  But ye are not in the flesh, but in the Spirit,

B. if so be that the Spirit of God dwell in you.

C. Now if any man have not the Spirit of Christ, he is none of his.

D.(10) And if Christ be in you, the body is dead because of sin; but the Spirit is life because of righteousness.

C’.(11) But if the Spirit of him that raised up Jesus from the dead dwell in you,

B’. he that raised up Christ from the dead shall also quicken your mortal bodies by his Spirit that dwelleth in you.

A’. 12 Therefore, brethren, we are debtors, not to the flesh, to live after the flesh. 13 For if ye live after the flesh, ye shall die: but if ye through the Spirit do mortify the deeds of the body, ye shall live.

 

Romans 10:9,10*

A (9) That if THOU SHALT CONFESS

B (9) WITH THY MOUTH the Lord Jesus,

C (9) and SHALT BELIEVE

D (9) IN THINE HEART that God hath raised him from the dead,

E (9) thou shalt be saved.

D′ (10) For WITH THE HEART

C′ (9) man BELIEVETH unto righteousness;

B′ (10) and WITH THE MOUTH

A′ (10) CONFESSION IS MADE unto salvation.

Romans 14

Note: the chapter has an ABCB’A structure.

A. Meats
a. 14:1 Him that is weak in the faith receive ye, but not to doubtful disputations.

b. 2 For one believeth that he may eat all things:

c. another, who is weak, eateth herbs.

b’. 3 Let not him that eateth despise him that eateth not;

c’. and let not him which eateth not judge him that eateth:

a’. for God hath received him.

B. Judging
a. 4 Who art thou that judgest another man’s servant? to his own master he standeth or falleth. Yea, he shall be holden up: for God is able to make him stand.

b. 5 One man esteemeth (judges)  one day above another:

c. another esteemeth (judges) every day alike.

a’. Let every man be fully persuaded in his own mind.

b’. 6 He that regardeth the day, regardeth it unto the Lord;

c’. and he that regardeth not the day, to the Lord he doth not regard it.

b’’. He that eateth, eateth to the Lord, for he giveth God thanks;

c’’. and he that eateth not, to the Lord he eateth not,  and giveth God thanks.

C. Living as unto the Lord
a. 7 For none of us liveth to himself,

b. and no man dieth to himself.

a’. 8 For whether we live, we live unto the Lord;

b’. and whether we die, we die unto the Lord:

a. whether we live therefore,

b. or die,

c. we are the Lord’s.

d. 9 For to this end Christ both died, and rose, and revived,

c’. that he might be Lord

b’. both of the dead

a’. and living.

B’. Judging
a.10 But why dost thou judge thy brother? or why dost thou set at nought thy brother?

b. for we shall all stand before the judgment seat of Christ.

c. 11 For it is written, As I live, saith the Lord, every knee shall bow to me, and every tongue shall confess to God.

b’. 12 So then every one of us shall give account of himself to God.

a’. 13 Let us not therefore judge one another any more: but judge this rather, that no man put a stumblingblock or an occasion to fall in his brother’s way

A. Meats
a. 14 I know, and am persuaded by the Lord Jesus, that there is nothing unclean of itself: but to him that esteemeth any thing to be unclean, to him it is unclean.

b.15 But if thy brother be grieved with thy meat, now walkest thou not charitably. Destroy not him with thy meat, for whom Christ died.

c.16 Let not then your good be evil spoken of:

d. For the kingdom of God is not meat and drink;

e. 17 but righteousness, and peace, and joy in the Holy Ghost.

f. 18 For he that in these things serveth Christ is acceptable to God, and approved of men.

e’. 19 Let us therefore follow after the things which make for peace, and things wherewith one may edify another.

d’. 20 For meat destroy not the work of God.

c’. All things indeed are pure; but it is evil for that man who eateth with offence.

b’. 21 It is good neither to eat flesh, nor to drink wine, nor any thing whereby thy brother stumbleth, or is offended, or is made weak.

a’. Hast thou faith? have it to thyself before God. Happy is he that condemneth not himself in that thing which he alloweth. 23 And he that doubteth is damned if he eat, because he eateth not of faith: for whatsoever is not of faith is sin.

Romans 4:11-25

A. 13 For the promise, that he should be the heir of the world, was not to Abraham, or to his seed, through the law, but through the righteousness of faith.

B. 14 For if they which are of the law be heirs, faith is made void, and the promise made of none effect: 15 Because the law worketh wrath: for where no law is, there is no transgression.

C. 16 Therefore it is of faith, that it might be by grace; to the end the promise might be sure to all the seed; not to that only which is of the law, but to that also which is of the faith of Abraham; who is the father of us all, 17 (As it is written, I have made thee a father of many nations,)

D. before him whom he believed,

E. even God, who quickeneth the dead, and calleth those things which be not as though they were.

D’. 18 Who against hope believed in hope,

C’. that he might become the father of many nations, according to that which was spoken, So shall thy seed be. 19 And being not weak in faith, he considered not his own body now dead, when he was about an hundred years old, neither yet the deadness of Sara’s womb: 20 He staggered not at the promise of God through unbelief; but was strong in faith, giving glory to God; 21 And being fully persuaded that, what he had promised, he was able also to perform.

A’. 22 And therefore it was imputed to him for righteousness. 23 Now it was not written for his sake alone, that it was imputed to him; 24 But for us also, to whom it shall be imputed, if we believe on him that raised up Jesus our Lord from the dead; 25 Who was delivered for our offences, and was raised again for our justification.