Tag Archives: Philippians

Philippians*

Brian has forwards an outline of the epistle that was published many years ago by J H Welch. 1998 Chiasmus in Antiquity: Structures, Analyses, Exegesis.

A 1:1,2  SALUTATION

B 1:3-26 FELLOWSHIP IN GOSPEL from FIRST DAY

C 1:27-2:5 STAND FAST. MIND OF CHRIST.

D 2:6-11 The SEVENFOLD HUMILIATION of CHRIST. EXAMPLE.

E 2:12-17 EXHORTATION to WORK OUT YOUR SALVATION

F 2:17-30 EXAMPLE of PAUL, TIMOTHY and EPAPHRODITUS

E’ 3:1-3 EXHORTATION to BEWARE

D’ 3:4-19 The SEVENFOLD LOSS  of PAUL. EXAMPLE

C’ 3:20-4:10  STAND FAST. BODY of  GLORY.

B’ 4:11-20 FELLOWSHIP in BEGINNING of GOSPEL

A’ 4:21-23 SALUTATION CAESAR’S HOUSEHOLD.

 

Note: I found a similar proposal by A. Boyd Luter and Michelle V. Lee (1995). Philippians as Chiasmus: Key to the Structure, Unity and Theme Questions. New Testament Studies, 41, pp 89-101 doi:10.1017/S0028688500022967.

A CHIASTIC OUTLINE OF PHILIPPIANS

(1.1-2) Opening Greetings: Previewing ‘Partnership’ Theme, Emphasizing Servant-Leadership.

A. (1.3-11) Prologue: ‘Partnership in the Gospel’ Theme Introduced with Prayerful Gratitude.

B. (1.12-26) ComfortIExample: Paul’s Safety and Right Think- ing in the Midst of a Difficult ‘Guarded’ Situation.

C. (1.27-2.4) Challenge: Stand Fast and Be United, Ful- filling Paul’s Joy!

D. (2.5-16) Example /Action: Christ’s Example of Humility and Suffering before Glory, then Related Behavioural Instructions.

E. (2.17-3.1a) Midpoint: Caring Models of Gospel Partnership, Two of Which Are Sent to Help Immediately.

D’. (3.1b-21) Example IAction: Paul’s Example of Humbling and Suffering before ‘Upward Call’/ Transformation, then Instructions.

C (4.1-5) Challenge: Stand Fast and Accentuate Existing Joy by the Reconciliation of Two Past Gospel Partners!

B’. (4.6-9) ComfortIExample: The Philippians’ ‘Guarded’ Peace of Mind and Right Thinking in the Midst of an Anxious Situation.

A’. (4.10-20) Epilogue: Partnership from the Past Renewed, with Expressed Gratitude.

(4.21-3) Closing Greetings: Reviewing Partnership Theme, Emphasizing Oneness of the Saints.

Note: I also came across  deep  skepticism about large scale chiasmus in  Stanley E. Porter and Jeffrey T. Reed (1998). Philippians as a Macro-Chiasm and its Exegetical Significance. New Testament Studies, 44, pp 213-231 doi:10.1017/ S0028688500016489

Philippians 4:4-14

1A.(4) Rejoice in the Lord alway:and again I say, Rejoice.

1B. (5) Let your moderation be known unto all men. The Lord is at hand. (6) Be careful for nothing; but in every thing by prayer and supplication with thanksgiving let your requests be made known unto God. (7) And the peace of God, which passeth all understanding, shall keep your hearts and minds through Christ Jesus.

1C. (8) Finally, brethren,

whatsoever things are true,

whatsoever things are honest,

whatsoever things are just,

whatsoever things are pure,

whatsoever things are lovely,

whatsoever things are of good report;

if there be any virtue, and if there be any praise, think on these things.

1B’.(9) Those things, which ye have both learned, and received, and heard, and seen in me, do: and the God of peace shall be with you.

1A’/2A. (10) But I rejoiced in the Lord greatly, that now at the last your care of me hath flourished again; wherein ye were also careful, but ye lacked opportunity.

2B.(11) Not that I speak in respect of want: for I have learned, in whatsoever state I am, therewith to be content.

2C. (12) a. I know both how to be abased,

2D. and I know how to abound:

2E. every where and in all things I am instructed both to be full and to be hungry,

2D’. both to abound

2C’. and to suffer need.

2B’.(13) I can do all things through Christ which strengtheneth me.

2A’ (14) Notwithstanding ye have well done, that ye did communicate with my affliction.

 

Philippians 2:19-24

A. (19) But I trust (hope) in the Lord Jesus to send Timotheus shortly unto you, that I also may be of good comfort, when I know your state.

B. (20) For I have no man likeminded, who will naturally care for your state.

C. (21) For all seek their own, not the things which are Jesus Christ’s.

B’. (22) But ye know the proof of him, that, as a son with the father, he hath served with me in the gospel.

A’. (23) Him therefore I hope to send presently, so soon as I shall see how it will go with me. (24) But I trust in the Lord that I also myself shall come shortly.

Philippians 2:3-18*

A. 3 Let nothing be done through strife or vainglory; but in lowliness of mind let each esteem other better than themselves.

B. 4 Look not every man on his own things,

B’. but every man also on the things of others.

A’. 5 Let this mind be in you, which was also in Christ Jesus:

A. 6 Who, being in the form of God,
thought it not robbery
to be equal with God:

B. 7 But made himself of no reputation,
and took upon him the form of a servant,
and was made in the likeness of men:

C. 8 And being found in fashion as a man,
he humbled himself, and became obedient unto death,
even the death of the cross.

C’. 9 Wherefore God also hath highly exalted him,
and given him
a name which is above every name:

B’. 10 That at the name of Jesus
every knee should bow,
of things in heaven, and things in earth, and things under the earth;

A’. 11 And that every tongue should confess
that Jesus Christ is Lord,
to the glory of God the Father.

A. 12 Wherefore, my beloved, as ye have always obeyed, not as in my presence only, but now much more in my absence,

B. work out your own salvation with fear and trembling.

B’. 13 For it is God which worketh in you

A’. both to will and to do of his good pleasure.

A. 14 Do all things without murmurings and disputings:

B. 15 That ye may be blameless and harmless, the sons of God, without rebuke, in the midst of a crooked and perverse nation,

B’. among whom ye shine as lights in the world; 16 Holding forth the word of life;

A’. that I may rejoice in the day of Christ, that I have not run in vain, neither laboured in vain.

A. 17 Yea, and if I be offered upon the sacrifice and service of your faith,

B. I joy, and rejoice with you all.

A’. 18 For the same cause also

B’. do ye joy, and rejoice with me.

 

VV 6-11 Suggested by K E Bailey

Philippians 2:24-30

A (24) But I trust IN THE LORD that I also myself shall come shortly.

B (25) Yet I supposed it necessary TO SEND to you Epaphroditus, my brother, and companion in labour, and fellowsoldier, but your messenger, and he that ministered to my wants.

C (26) For he longed after you all, and was full of heaviness, because that ye had heard that HE HAD BEEN SICK.

C1 (27) For indeed HE WAS SICK nigh unto death: but God had mercy on him; and not on him only, but on me also, lest I should have sorrow upon sorrow.

B1 (28) I SENT HIM therefore the more carefully, that, when ye see him again, ye may rejoice, and that I may be the less sorrowful.

A1 (29) Receive him therefore IN THE LORD with all gladness; and hold such in reputation:  30 Because for the work of Christ he was nigh unto death, not regarding his life, to supply your lack of service toward me.

Philippians 1:1-26

1 Paul and Timotheus, the servants of Jesus Christ, to all the saints in Christ Jesus which are at Philippi, with the bishops and deacons: 2 Grace be unto you, and peace, from God our Father, and from the Lord Jesus Christ.

A. 3 I thank my God upon every remembrance of you, 4 Always in every prayer of mine for you all making request with joy, 5 For your fellowship in the gospel from the first day until now;

B. 6 Being confident of this very thing, that he which hath begun a good work in you will perform it until the day of Jesus Christ:

C. 7 Even as it is meet for me to think this of you all because I have you in my heart; inasmuch as both in my bonds, and in the defence and confirmation of the gospel, ye all are partakers of my grace.

A’. 8 For God is my record, how greatly I long after you all in the bowels of Jesus Christ. 9 And this I pray, that your love may abound yet more and more in knowledge and in all judgment;

B’. 10 That ye may approve things that are excellent; that ye may be sincere and without offence till the day of Christ; 11 Being filled with the fruits of righteousness, which are by Jesus Christ, unto the glory and praise of God.

C’. a.12 But I would ye should understand, brethren, that the things which happened unto me have fallen out rather unto the furtherance of the gospel;

b. 13 So that my bonds in Christ are manifest in all the palace, and in all other places;

c. 14 And many of the brethren in the Lord, waxing confident by my bonds, are much more bold to speak the word without fear. 15 Some indeed preach Christ even of envy and strife; and some also of good will:

b’. 16 The one preach Christ of contention, not sincerely, supposing to add affliction to my bonds:

a’. 17 But the other of love, knowing that I am set for the defence of the gospel.

A. 18 What then? notwithstanding, every way, whether in pretence, or in truth, Christ is preached; and I therein do rejoice, yea, and will rejoice. 19 For I know that this shall turn to my salvation through your prayer, and the supply of the Spirit of Jesus Christ, 20 According to my earnest expectation and my hope, that in nothing I shall be ashamed, but that with all boldness, as always, so now also Christ shall be magnified in my body,

B. whether it be by life,

C. or by death.

D. 21 For to me to live is Christ, and to die is gain.

B’. 22 But if I live in the flesh, this is the fruit of my labour:

C’. yet what I shall choose I wot not. 23 For I am in a strait betwixt two, having a desire to depart, and to be with Christ; which is far better:

A’. 24 Nevertheless to abide in the flesh is more needful for you. 25 And having this confidence, I know that I shall abide and continue with you all for your furtherance and joy of faith; 26 That your rejoicing may be more abundant in Jesus Christ for me by my coming to you again.