Tag Archives: John

John 1:32-51

A  (i)  (32a)  And John bare record, saying,

(ii)  (32b)  I saw the Spirit descending from heaven like a dove, and it abode upon him.

(iii)  (33a)  And I knew (G1492) him not:

(iv)  (33b)  but he that sent me to baptize with water, the same said unto me,

(iii’)  (33c)  Upon whom thou shalt see (G1492)

(ii’)  (33d)  the Spirit descending, and remaining on him, the same is he which baptizeth with the Holy Ghost.

(i’)  (34)  And I saw, and bare record that this is the Son of God.

B  (35-38)  Again the next day after John stood, and two of his disciples; And looking upon Jesus as he walked, he saith, Behold the Lamb of God! And the two disciples heard him speak, and they followed Jesus. Then Jesus turned, and saw them following, and saith unto them, What seek ye? They said unto him, Rabbi, (which is to say, being interpreted, Master,) where dwellest thou?

C  (39)  He saith unto them, Come and see. They came and saw where he dwelt, and abode with him that day: for it was about the tenth hour.

D  (40-41)  One of the two which heard John speak, and followed him, was Andrew, Simon Peter’s brother. He first findeth his own brother Simon, and saith unto him, We have found the Messias, which is, being interpreted, the Christ.

E  (42)  And he brought him to Jesus. And when Jesus beheld him, he said, Thou art Simon the son of Jona: thou shalt be called Cephas, which is by interpretation, A stone.

D’  (43-45)  The day following Jesus would go forth into Galilee, and findeth Philip, and saith unto him, Follow me. Now Philip was of Bethsaida, the city of Andrew and Peter. Philip findeth Nathanael, and saith unto him, We have found him, of whom Moses in the law, and the prophets, did write, Jesus of Nazareth, the son of Joseph.

C’  (46)  And Nathanael said unto him, Can there any good thing come out of Nazareth? Philip saith unto him, Come and see.

B’  (47-50)  Jesus saw Nathanael coming to him, and saith of him, Behold an Israelite indeed, in whom is no guile! Nathanael saith unto him, Whence knowest thou me? Jesus answered and said unto him, Before that Philip called thee, when thou wast under the fig tree, I saw thee. Nathanael answered and saith unto him, Rabbi, thou art the Son of God; thou art the King of Israel. Jesus answered and said unto him, Because I said unto thee, I saw thee under the fig tree, believest thou? thou shalt see greater things than these.

A’  (51)  And he saith unto him, Verily, verily, I say unto you, Hereafter ye shall see heaven open, and the angels of God ascending and descending upon the Son of man.

John 1:1-18*

Note: I have just come across the article by Alan Culpepper in New Test. Stud. 1980, pp. 1-31  THE PIVOT OF JOHN’S PROLOGUE. It is clear that the prologue of the Gospel is one of the earliest scriptures to be recognised as chiastic in structure, going back to Lund,  and there have been many published versions. Below I have edited our original post in the light of Culpepper’s analysis to tease out the centre more precisely, and I have also suggested parallelisms within units.

A.  1 In the beginning was the Word,
and the Word was with God,
and the Word was God.
2 The same was in the beginning with God.

B. 3 All things were made by him;
and without him was not any thing made that was made.

C. 4 In him was life;
                 and the life was the light of men.
5 And the light shineth in darkness;
and the darkness comprehended  it not.

D. 6 There was a man sent from God, whose name was John.
7 The same came for a witness,
to bear witness
of the Light,
that all men through him might believe.
8 He was not that Light,
but was sent to bear witness of that Light.

E. 9 That was the true Light,
which lighteth every man
that cometh into the world.
10 He was in the world,
and the world was made by him,
and the world knew him not.

F. 11 He came unto his own,
and his own received him not.

G. 12 But as many as received him,

H. to them gave he power to become the sons of God,

G’. even to them that believe on his name:

F’. 13 Which were born,
not of blood, nor of the will of the flesh,
nor of the will of man,

but of God.

E’. 14 And the Word was made flesh,
and dwelt among us,

(and we beheld his glory,
as of the only begotten of the Father,)
full of grace and truth.

D’. 15 John bare witness of him, and cried, saying,
This was he of whom I spake,
He that cometh after me is preferred before me:
for he was before me.

C’. 16 And of his fulness have all we received,
and grace for grace.

B’ 17 For the law was given by Moses,
but grace and truth came by Jesus Christ.

A’. 18 No man hath seen God at any time;
the only begotten Son,
which is in the bosom of the Father,
he hath declared him.

John 17:1-5*

These words spake Jesus, and lifted up his eyes to heaven, and said,

A. (1) Father, the hour is come; glorify thy Son,

B. that thy Son also may glorify thee:

C. (2) As thou hast given him power over all flesh, that he should give eternal life to as many as thou hast given him.

C’.(3) And this is life eternal, that they might know thee the only true God, and Jesus Christ, whom thou hast sent.

B’. (4) I have glorified thee on the earth: I have finished the work which thou gavest me to do.

A’.(5) And now, O Father, glorify thou me with thine own self with the glory which I had with thee before the world was.

John 15:9-17

A. 9 As the Father hath loved me, so have I loved you: continue ye in my love.

B.10  If ye keep my commandments, ye shall abide in my love;  even as I have kept my Father’s commandments, and abide in his love.

C. 11 These things have I spoken unto you, that my joy might remain in you, and that your joy might be full.

B’. 12 This is my commandment, That ye love one another, as I have loved you.

A’. 13  Greater love hath no man than this, that a man lay down his life for his friends.

A. 14 Ye are my friends, if ye do whatsoever I command you. 

B. 15 Henceforth I call you not servants; for the servant knoweth not what his lord doeth: but I have called you friends; for all things that I have heard of my Father I have made known unto you.

C. 16 Ye have not chosen me, but I have chosen you, and ordained you, that ye should go and bring forth fruit, and that your fruit should remain:

B’. that whatsoever ye shall ask of the Father in my name, he may give it you.

A’. 17 These things I command you, that ye love one another.

John 12:47-50

John 12:47-48

A. And if any man hear my words, and believe not, I judge him not:

B. for I came not to judge the world, but to save the world.

B’. He that rejecteth me, and receiveth not my words, hath one that judgeth him:

A’. the word that I have spoken, the same shall judge him in the last day.

John 12:49-50

A. For I have not spoken of myself;

B. but the Father which sent me, he gave me a commandment,

C. what I should say, and what I should speak.

B’. And I know that his commandment is life everlasting:

A’. whatsoever I speak therefore, even as the Father said unto me, so I speak.

John 12:35-46*

A. 35 Then Jesus said unto them,

a. Yet a little while is the light with you.
b. Walk while ye have the light, lest darkness come upon you:
b’. for he that walketh in darkness knoweth not whither he goeth.
a’. 36  While ye have light, believe in the light, that ye may be the children of light.

B. These things spake Jesus, and departed, and did hide himself from them.

C. 37 But though he had done so many miracles before them, yet they believed not on him:

D1. 38 That the saying of Esaias the prophet might be fulfilled, which he spake, Lord, who hath believed our report? and to whom hath the arm of the Lord been revealed?

D2. 39 Therefore they could not believe, because that Esaias said again, 40 He hath blinded their eyes, and hardened their heart; that they should not see with their eyes, nor understand with their heart, and be converted, and I should heal them.

D2’. 41 These things said Esaias, when he saw his glory,

D1′. and spake of him.

C’a. 42 Nevertheless among the chief rulers also many believed on him;
b. but because of the Pharisees they did not confess him,   lest they should be put out of the synagogue:
b’. 43 For they loved the praise of men more than the praise of God.
a’. 44 Jesus cried and said, He that believeth on me, believeth not on me, but on him that sent me.

B’. 54 And he that seeth me seeth him that sent me.

A’. 46 I am come a light into the world, that whosoever believeth on me should not abide in darkness.

John 5:25-30

A. The hour is coming, and now is,

B. when the dead shall hear the voice of the Son of God:

C. and they that hear shall live.

D. For as the Father hath life in himself; so hath he given to the Son to have life in himself;

E. And hath given him authority to execute judgment also, because he is the Son of man.

Marvel not at this:

A. for the hour is coming,

B. in the which all that are in the graves shall hear his voice,

C. And shall come forth; they that have done good, unto the
resurrection of life; and they that have done evil, unto the resurrection of damnation.

D. I can of mine own self do nothing:

E. as I hear, I judge: and my judgment is just; because I seek not mine own will, but the will of the Father which hath sent me.

John 1:19-32

A. (19) And this is the record of John

B.  when the Jews sent priests and Levites from Jerusalem to ask him, Who art thou?    And he confessed, and denied not; but confessed, I am not the Christ.   And they asked him, What then? Art thou Elias? And he saith, I am not. Art thou that prophet? And he answered, No.

C. (22)  i. Then said they unto him, Who art thou?
ii. that we may give an answer to them that sent us.
i. What sayest thou of thyself?

D. (23)  i. He said, I am the voice of one crying in the wilderness, Make straight the way of the Lord, as said the prophet Esaias.

C’. (24)  And they which were sent were of the Pharisees.

B’. (25)  And they asked him, and said unto him, Why baptizest thou then, if thou be not that Christ, nor Elias, neither that prophet?

2B. (26) John answered them, saying, I baptize with water: but there standeth one among you,

2C.(26) whom ye know not;

2D.(27) He it is, who coming after me is preferred before me, whose shoe’s latchet I am not worthy to unloose.

2E. (29) The next day John seeth Jesus coming unto him, and saith, Behold the Lamb of God, which taketh away the sin of the world.

2D’. (30) This is he of whom I said, After me cometh a man which is preferred before me:for he was before me.

2C’. (31) And I knew him not:

2B’. (31) but that he should be made manifest to Israel, therefore am I come baptizing with water.

A’. (32) And John bare record, saying

John 4:19-26

A. The woman saith unto him, Sir, I perceive that thou art a prophet.

1B. Our fathers worshipped in this mountain;

1C. and ye say, that in Jerusalem is the place where men ought to worship.

1D. Jesus saith unto her, Woman, believe me, the hour cometh, when ye shall neither in this mountain, nor yet at Jerusalem, worship the Father.

1C’. Ye worship ye know not what:

1B’. we know what we worship: for salvation is of the Jews.

2B. But the hour cometh, and now is,

2C. when the true worshippers shall worship the Father in spirit and in truth:

2D. for the Father seeketh such to worship him.

2E. God is a Spirit:

2D’. and they that worship him

2C’. must worship him in spirit and in truth.

2B’. The woman saith unto him, I know that Messias cometh, which is called Christ:when he is come, he will tell us all things.

A’. Jesus saith unto her, I that speak unto thee am he.