Tag Archives: Hebrews

Hebrews 1:1-2:5

A  (1)  God, who at sundry times and in divers manners spake in time past unto the fathers by the prophets, (2)  Hath in these last days spoken unto us by his Son, whom he hath appointed heir of all things, by whom also he made the worlds(3)  Who being the brightness of his glory, and the express image of his person, and upholding all things  by the word of his power (G1411) , when he had by himself purged our sins, sat down on the right hand of the Majesty on high; (4)  Being made so much better than the angels, as he hath by inheritance obtained a more excellent name than they.

B  (5)  For unto which of the angels said he at any time, Thou art my Son, this day have I begotten thee? And again, I will be to him a Father, and he shall be to me a Son? (6)  And again, when he bringeth in the firstbegotten into the world, he saith, And let all the angels of God worship him. (7)  And of the angels he saith, Who maketh his angels spirits, and his ministers a flame of fire.

C  (8)  But unto the Son he saith, Thy throne, O God, is for ever and ever: a sceptre of righteousness is the sceptre of thy kingdom. (9)  Thou hast loved righteousness, and hated iniquity; therefore God, even thy God, hath anointed thee with the oil of gladness above thy fellows. (10)  And, Thou, Lord, in the beginning hast laid the foundation of the earth; and the heavens are the works of thine hands: (11)  They shall perish; but thou remainest; and they all shall wax old as doth a garment; (12)  And as a vesture shalt thou fold them up, and they shall be changed: but thou art the same, and thy years shall not fail.

B’  (13)  But to which of the angels said he at any time, Sit on my right hand, until I make thine enemies thy footstool? (14)  Are they not all ministering spirits, sent forth to minister for them who shall be heirs of salvation?

A’   (1)  Therefore we ought to give the more earnest heed to the things which we have heard, lest at any time we should let them slip. (2)  For if the word spoken by angels was stedfast, and every transgression and disobedience received a just recompence of reward; (3)  How shall we escape, if we neglect so great salvation; which at the first began to be spoken by the Lord, and was confirmed unto us by them that heard him; (4)  God also bearing them witness, both with signs and wonders, and with divers miracles (G1411), and gifts of the Holy Ghost, according to his own will? (5)  For unto the angels hath he not put in subjection the world to come, whereof we speak.

Hebrews 12:1-4

From Gab

A. 1 Wherefore seeing we also are compassed about with so great a cloud of witnesses, let us lay aside every weight, and the sin which doth so easily beset us,

B. and let us run with patience the race* that is set before us,

C. 2 Looking unto Jesus the author and finisher of our faith; who for the joy that was set before him endured the cross, despising the shame,

D. and is set down at the right hand of the throne of God.

C.’ 3 For consider him that endured such contradiction of sinners against himself, lest ye be wearied and faint in your minds.

B.’ 4 Ye have not yet resisted unto blood, striving*

A’. against sin.

* the Greek word for ‘striving’ is derived from the word for ‘race’.

Hebrews 3:7-19

Joe Snelling suggests the following structure

A. (7) Wherefore (as the Holy Ghost saith, To day if ye will hear his voice, (8) Harden not your hearts, as in the provocation,

B.in the day of temptation in the wilderness: (9) When your fathers tempted me, proved me, and saw my works forty years.

C.(10) Wherefore I was grieved with that generation, and said, They do alway err in their heart; and they have not known my ways.

D. (11) So I sware in my wrath, They shall not enter into my rest.)

E.(12) Take heed, brethren, lest there be in any of you an evil heart of unbelief, in departing from the living God.

X.(13) But exhort one another daily, while it is called To day; lest any of you be hardened through the deceitfulness of sin. (14) For we are made partakers of Christ, if we hold the beginning of our confidence stedfast unto the end;

A’.(15) While it is said, To day if ye will hear his voice, harden not your hearts, as in the provocation.

B’.(16) For some, when they had heard, did provoke: howbeit not all that came out of Egypt by Moses.

C’.(17) But with whom was he grieved forty years? was it not with them that had sinned, whose carcases fell in the wilderness?

D’.(18) And to whom sware he that they should not enter into his rest,

E’. but to them that believed not? 19 So we see that they could not enter in because of unbelief.

Hebrews 13:5-18

A. (5) Let your conversation be without covetousness; and be content with such things as ye have: for he hath said, – I will never leave thee, nor forsake thee. (6) So that we may boldly say, – The Lord is my helper, and I will not fear what man shall do unto me.

B.  (7) Remember them which have the rule over you, who have spoken unto you the word of God: whose faith follow, considering the end of their conversation.

C. (8) Jesus Christ the same yesterday, and to day, and for ever. (9) Be not carried about with divers and strange doctrines. For it is a good thing that the heart be established with grace; not with meats, which have not profited them that have been occupied therein.

D. (10)   We have an altar, whereof they have no right to eat which serve the tabernacle.

E. (11) For the bodies of those beasts, whose blood is brought into the sanctuary by the high priest for sin, are burned without the camp.

F. (12) Wherefore Jesus also, that he might sanctify the people with his own blood, suffered without the gate.

E’. (13) Let us go forth therefore unto him without the camp, bearing his reproach.

D’. (14) For here have we no continuing city, but we seek one to come.

C’. (15) By him therefore let us offer the sacrifice of praise to God continually, that is, the fruit of our lips giving thanks to his name. (16) But to do good and to communicate forget not; for with such sacrifices God is well pleased.

B’. (17) Obey them that have the rule over you, and submit yourselves:for they watch for your souls, as they that must give account, that they may do it with joy, and not with grief: for that is unprofitable for you.

A’. (18) Pray for us:for we trust we have a good conscience, in all things willing to live honestly. But I beseech you the rather to do this, that I may be restored to you the sooner.

Hebrews 9:24-10:19

A  (24)  For Christ is not entered into the holy places made with hands, which are the figures of the true; but into heaven itself, now to appear in the presence of God for us: (25)  Nor yet that he should offer himself often, as the high priest entereth into the holy place every year with blood of others; (26)  For then must he often have suffered since the foundation of the world: but now once in the end of the world hath he appeared to put away sin by the sacrifice of himself.(27)  And as it is appointed unto men once to die, but after this the judgment:(28)  So Christ was once offered to bear the sins of many; and unto them that look for him shall he appear the second time without sin unto salvation.

 B  (1)  For the law having a shadow of good things to come, and not the very image of the things, can never with those sacrifices which they offered year by year continually make the comers thereunto perfect. (2)  For then would they not have ceased to be offered? because that the worshippers once purged should have had no more conscience of sins.(3)  But in those sacrifices there is a remembrance again made of sins every year.

C  (4)  For it is not possible that the blood of bulls and of goats should take away sins.

D  (5)  Wherefore when he cometh into the world, he saith, Sacrifice and offering thou wouldest not, but a body hast thou prepared me:(6)  In burnt offerings and sacrifices for sin thou hast had no pleasure. (7)  Then said I, Lo, I come (in the volume of the book it is written of me,) to do thy will, O God.

 D’. (8)  Above when he said, Sacrifice and offering and burnt offerings and offering for sin thou wouldest not, neither hadst pleasure therein; which are offered by the law; (9)  Then said he, Lo, I come to do thy will, O God. He taketh away the first, that he may establish the second.(10)  By the which will we are sanctified through the offering of the body of Jesus Christ once for all.

C’  (11)  And every priest standeth daily ministering and offering oftentimes the same sacrifices, which can never take away sins:

 B’  (12)  But this man, after he had offered one sacrifice for sins for ever, sat down on the right hand of God;(13)  From henceforth expecting till his enemies be made his footstool. (14)  For by one offering he hath perfected for ever them that are sanctified. (15)  Whereof the Holy Ghost also is a witness to us: for after that he had said before, (16)  This is the covenant that I will make with them after those days, saith the Lord, I will put my laws into their hearts, and in their minds will I write them; (17)  And their sins and iniquities will I remember no more. (18)  Now where remission of these is, there is no more offering for sin.

A’  (19)  Having therefore, brethren, boldness to enter into the holiest by the blood of Jesus, (20)  By a new and living way, which he hath consecrated for us, through the veil, that is to say, his flesh; (21)  And having an high priest over the house of God;

Hebrews 8:1-9:5

A. 8:1 Now of the things which we have spoken this is the sum: We have such an high priest, who is set on the right hand of the throne of the Majesty in the heavens;  2 A minister of the sanctuary, and of the true tabernacle, which the Lord pitched, and not man. 3 For every high priest is ordained to offer gifts and sacrifices: wherefore it is of necessity that this man have somewhat also to offer. 4 For if he were on earth, he should not be a priest, seeing that there are priests that offer gifts according to the law: 5 Who serve unto the example and shadow of heavenly things, as Moses was admonished of God when he was about to make the tabernacle: for, See, saith he, that thou make all things according to the pattern shewed to thee in the mount.

B. 6 But now hath he obtained a more excellent ministry, by how much also he is the mediator of a better covenant,  which was established upon better promises. 7 For if that first covenant had been faultless, then should no place have been sought for the second.

C. 8 For finding fault with them, he saith, Behold, the days come, saith the Lord, when I will make a new covenant with the house of Israel and with the house of Judah:

D. 9 Not according to the covenant that I made with their fathers in the day when I took them by the hand to lead them out of the land of Egypt; because they continued not in my covenant, and I regarded them not, saith the Lord.

E.10 For this is the covenant that I will make with the house of Israel after those days, saith the Lord; I will put my laws into their mind, and write them in their hearts:

F. and I will be to them a God,

F’. and they shall be to me a people:

E’. 11 And they shall not teach every man his neighbour, and every man his brother, saying, Know the Lord: for all shall know me, from the least to the greatest.

D’. 12 For I will be merciful to their unrighteousness, and their sins and their iniquities will I remember no more.

C’.13 In that he saith, A new covenant,

B’. he hath made the first old. Now that which decayeth and waxeth old is ready to vanish away.

A’. 9:1 Then verily the first covenant had also ordinances of divine service, and a worldly sanctuary. 2 For there was a tabernacle made; the first, wherein was the candlestick, and the table, and the shewbread; which is called the sanctuary. 3 And after the second veil, the tabernacle which is called the Holiest of all; 4 Which had the golden censer, and the ark of the covenant overlaid round about with gold,  wherein was the golden pot that had manna, and Aaron’s rod that budded, and the tables of the covenant; 5 And over it the cherubims of glory shadowing the mercyseat; of which we cannot now speak particularly.

Hebrews 7:1-10*

Previous RS contribution  amended in the light of https://www.academia.edu/9686371/Chiastic_Structures_in_Hebrews_A_Study_of_Form_and_Function_in_Biblical_Discourse

A.(1) For this Melchisedec, king of Salem, priest of the most high God,

B. who met Abraham returning from the slaughter of the kings, and blessed him;

C. (2) To whom also Abraham gave a tenth part of all; first being by interpretation King of righteousness, and after that also King of Salem, which is, King of peace;

D. (3) Without father, without mother, without descent, having neither beginning of days, nor end of life; but made like unto the Son of God; abideth a priest continually.

E. i’.(4) Now consider how great this man was, unto whom even the patriarch Abraham gave the tenth of the spoils.

F.(5) And verily they that are of the sons of Levi, who receive the office of the priesthood, have a commandment to take tithes of the people according to the law, that is, of their brethren, though they come out of the loins of Abraham:

F’.(6) But he whose descent is not counted from them received tithes of Abraham, and blessed him that had the promises.

E’.(7) And without all contradiction the less is blessed of the better.

D’.(8) And here men that die receive tithes; but there he receiveth them, of whom it is witnessed that he liveth.

C’.(9) And as I may so say, Levi also, who receiveth tithes, payed tithes in Abraham.

B’.10 For he was yet in the loins of his father, when [Melchisedec] met him

A’. [Melchisedek].

 

 

Hebrews 2:7-9

A.(7) Thou madest him a little lower than the angels; thou crownedst him with glory and honour, and didst set him over the works of thy hands:

B.(8) Thou hast put all things in subjection under his feet.

C. For in that he put all in subjection under him,

C’. he left nothing that is not put under him.

B’. But now we see not yet all things put under him.

A’.(9) But we see Jesus, who was made a little lower than the angels for the suffering of death, crowned with glory and honour; that he by the grace of God should taste death for every man.

Hebrews 2:9-18

A.(9) But we see Jesus, who was made a little lower than the angels for the suffering of death, crowned with glory and honour; that he by the grace of God should taste death for every man.

B.(10) For it became him, for whom are all things, and by whom are all things, in bringing many sons unto glory, to make the captain of their salvation perfect through sufferings. (11) For both he that sanctifieth and they who are sanctified are all of one: for which cause he is not ashamed to call them brethren, (12) Saying,

i. I will declare thy name unto my brethren, in the midst of the church will I sing praise unto thee.

ii. (13) And again, I will put my trust in him.

iii. And again, Behold I and the children which God hath given me.

C.(14) Forasmuch then as the children are partakers of flesh and blood, he also himself likewise took part of the same;

D. that through death he might destroy him that had the power of death, that is, the devil;

D’.(15) And deliver them who through fear of death were all their lifetime subject to bondage.

C’.(16) For verily he took not on him the nature of angels; but he took on him the seed of Abraham.

B’.(17) Wherefore in all things it behoved him to be made like unto his brethren, that he might be a merciful and faithful high priest in things pertaining to God, to make reconciliation for the sins of the people.

A’.(18) For in that he himself hath suffered being tempted, he is able to succour them that are tempted.

Hebrews 6:9-20

A  (9-11)  But, beloved, we are persuaded better things of you, and things that accompany salvation, though we thus speak. For God is not unrighteous to forget your work and labour of love, which ye have shewed toward his name, in that ye have ministered to the saints, and do minister. And we desire that every one of you do shew the same diligence to the full assurance of hope unto the end:

B  (12)  That ye be not slothful, but followers of them who through faith and patience inherit the promises.

C  (13)  For when God made promise to Abraham, because he could swear by no greater, he sware by himself,

D  (14)  Saying, Surely blessing I will bless thee, and multiplying I will multiply thee.

C’  (15-16)  And so, after he had patiently endured, he obtained the promise. For men verily swear by the greater: and an oath for confirmation is to them an end of all strife.

B’  (17)  Wherein God, willing more abundantly to shew unto the heirs of promise the immutability of his counsel, confirmed it by an oath:

A’  (18-20)  That by two immutable things, in which it was impossible for God to lie, we might have a strong consolation, who have fled for refuge to lay hold upon the hope set before us: Which hope we have as an anchor of the soul, both sure and stedfast, and which entereth into that within the veil; Whither the forerunner is for us entered, even Jesus, made an high priest for ever after the order of Melchisedec.