Note: Isaiah 24-27 is a definite unit of thought. There are strong indications of inverted symmetry. Broadly – ch 24 speaks of the loss of the vineyard and the wine, but ch 27 speaks of the restored spiritual vine of Israel filling the world with fruit. Ch 25 sees the city of “Babylon” destroyed for ever but ch 26 sees the City of new Jerusalem elevated. The centre is the celebration of the Kingdom of God (best wine) and the fulfilment of the promise of the resurrection which is quoted in 1 Corinthians 15:54 and in 2 Corinthians 5:4.
A. 24:1-20 Desolation of the land
a. 1-13 The land emptied and the vineyard destroyed
7 The new wine mourneth, the vine languisheth …
b. 24:14-16 The emerging voice of singing
16 From the uttermost part of the earth have we heard songs,
even glory to the righteous.
c. 24:17-20 the population of the land flee the earthquake judgment
20 The earth shall reel to and fro like a drunkard,
B. 24:21-23 The Kingdom of God
23 … when the LORD of hosts shall reign in mount Zion,
and in Jerusalem, and before his ancients gloriously.
C. 25:1-5 The City of the kingdom of men destroyed
2 For thou hast made of a city an heap;
of a defenced city a ruin:
D. 25:6-12 the Kingdom of God – death destroyed
8 He will swallow up death in victory
C’. 26:1-6 The City of God elevated
1 … We have a strong city;
salvation will God appoint for walls and bulwarks.
B’. 26:7-21 Resurrection of the saints
19 Thy dead men shall live,
together with my dead body shall they arise.
A’. 27:1-13 The land restored
c’. Judgment on “the Beast” system
1 … he shall slay the dragon that is in the sea.
b’. 27:2-6 The song of the vineyard
2 In that day sing ye unto her,
A vineyard of red wine.
a’. 7:7-13 Israel forgiven and bringing forth spiritual fruit
9 By this therefore shall the iniquity of Jacob be purged;
and this is all the fruit to take away his sin