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Exodus 33:20-23

A  (20)  And he said, Thou canst not see my face: for there shall no man see me, and live.

B  (21a)  And the LORD said, Behold, there is a place by me,

C  (21b-22a)

(i)  and thou shalt stand upon a rock:
(ii)  And it shall come to pass, while my glory passeth by,

C’  (22b)

(i’)  that I will put thee in a clift of the rock,
(ii’)  and will cover thee with my hand while I pass by:

B’  (23a)  And I will take away mine hand, and thou shalt see my back parts:

A’  (23b)  but my face shall not be seen.

Habakkuk

Habakkuk

A (1:2-4) Question – why does God tolerate injustice?

B (1:5-11) Answer – God will judge through the Chaldeans

C (1:12-2:1) Complaint – the Babylonians are rapacious idolators

D (2:2-4) Answer – there is an appointed time. “The just shall live by faith”.

C’ (2:5-20) Five Woes on Babylon

B’ (3:1-15) The coming of the mighty Eloah

A’ (3:16-19) The perspective of faith

1 Peter 1:22-25

A. 22 Seeing ye have purified your souls in obeying the truth through the Spirit unto unfeigned love of the brethren, see that ye love one another with a pure heart fervently: 23 Being born again, not of corruptible seed, but of incorruptible, by the word of God,

B. which liveth and abideth for ever.

C. 24 For all flesh is as grass,

and all the glory of man as the flower of grass.

C’. The grass withereth,

and the flower thereof falleth away:

B’. 25 But the word of the Lord endureth for ever.

A’. And this is the word which by the gospel is preached unto you.

 

Psalm 51*

A. (1) Have mercy upon me, O God,
according to thy lovingkindness:
according unto the multitude of thy tender mercies
blot out my transgressions.

B. (2a) Wash me throughly from mine iniquity,
(2b) and cleanse me from my sin.

C. (3) For I acknowledge my transgressions:
(3b) and my sin is ever before me.

(4) Against thee, thee only, have I sinned,
and done this evil in thy sight:

D. that thou mightest be justified when thou speakest,
and be clear when thou judgest.

C’. (5) Behold, I was shapen in iniquity;
and in sin did my mother conceive me.

( 6) Behold, thou desirest truth in the inward parts:
and in the hidden part thou shalt make me to know wisdom.

B’. (7) Purge me with hyssop, and I shall be clean:
wash me, and I shall be whiter than snow.

A’. (8-9) Make me to hear joy and gladness;
that the bones which thou hast broken may rejoice.

Hide thy face from my sins,
and blot out all mine iniquities.


A.(8) Make me to hear joy and gladness;
that the bones which thou hast broken may rejoice.

B. (9) Hide thy face from my sins,
and blot out all mine iniquities.

C. (10) Create in me a clean heart, O God;
C’. and renew a right spirit within me.

B’. (11) Cast me not away from thy presence;
and take not thy holy spirit from me.

A’. (12) Restore unto me the joy of thy salvation;
and uphold me with thy free spirit.

A. (13) Then will I teach transgressors thy ways;
and sinners shall be converted unto thee.

B. (14) Deliver me from bloodguiltiness, O God,
B’. thou God of my salvation:

A’. and my tongue shall sing aloud of thy righteousness.
(15) O Lord, open thou my lips;
and my mouth shall shew forth thy praise.

A. (16) For thou desirest not sacrifice;
else would I give it:

B. thou delightest not in burnt offering.

C. (17) The sacrifices of God are a broken spirit:
a broken and a contrite heart, O God, thou wilt not despise.

D. (18) Do good in thy good pleasure unto Zion:
D’ . build thou the walls of Jerusalem.

C’. (19) Then shalt thou be pleased with the sacrifices of righteousness,

B’. with burnt offering and whole burnt offering:

A’. then shall they offer bullocks upon thine altar.

John 4:19-26

A. The woman saith unto him, Sir, I perceive that thou art a prophet.

1B. Our fathers worshipped in this mountain;

1C. and ye say, that in Jerusalem is the place where men ought to worship.

1D. Jesus saith unto her, Woman, believe me, the hour cometh, when ye shall neither in this mountain, nor yet at Jerusalem, worship the Father.

1C’. Ye worship ye know not what:

1B’. we know what we worship: for salvation is of the Jews.

2B. But the hour cometh, and now is,

2C. when the true worshippers shall worship the Father in spirit and in truth:

2D. for the Father seeketh such to worship him.

2E. God is a Spirit:

2D’. and they that worship him

2C’. must worship him in spirit and in truth.

2B’. The woman saith unto him, I know that Messias cometh, which is called Christ:when he is come, he will tell us all things.

A’. Jesus saith unto her, I that speak unto thee am he.

2 Thessalonians 3:6-12

Here are two suggestions for the same passage. Comments welcome.

A  (6a) Now we command you, brethren, in the name of our Lord Jesus Christ,

B  (6b) that ye withdraw yourselves from every brother that walketh disorderly,

C  (6c) and not after the tradition which he received of us.

D  (7a) For yourselves know how ye ought to follow us:

E  (7b) for we behaved not ourselves disorderly among you;

F  (8a) Neither did we eat any man’s bread for nought;

F’  (8b) but wrought with labour and travail night and day,

E’  (8c) that we might not be chargeable to any of you:

D’  (9) Not because we have not power, but to make ourselves an ensample unto you to follow us.

C’  (10) For even when we were with you, this we commanded you, that if any would not work, neither should he eat.

B’  (11) For we hear that there are some which walk among you disorderly, working not at all, but are busybodies.

A’  (12) Now them that are such we command and exhort by our Lord Jesus Christ, that with quietness they work, and eat their own bread.

This alternative suggestion is from Matt Davies…

A. (6)  Now we command you, brethren, in the name of our Lord Jesus Christ,

B. that ye withdraw yourselves from every brother that walketh disorderly, and not after the tradition which he received of us. (7) For yourselves know how ye ought to follow us: for we behaved not ourselves disorderly among you;

C.(8) Neither did we eat any man’s bread for nought; but wrought with labour and travail night and day, that we might not be chargeable to any of you:

D.(9) Not because we have not power, but to make ourselves an ensample unto you to follow us.

C’.(10) For even when we were with you, this we commanded you, that if any would not work, neither should he eat.

B’.(11) For we hear that there are some which walk among you disorderly, working not at all, but are busybodies.

A’. (12) Now them that are such we command and exhort by our Lord Jesus Christ, that with quietness they work, and eat their own bread.

Ephesians 2:11-22*

Note: the pattern of similarities and contrasts which was identified independently is very close to the chiasm published by Thomson in “Chiasmus in the Pauline Letters”. Journal For The Study of The New Testament Supplement Series 111, Sheffield Academic press, Sheffield, 1995. The original post has been edited in the light of  comment from PH. Since then a group of Bible students in Brant County came up independently with the same pattern but which also identifies the parallelisms within units. Brant Co Eph 2vv11-22

A (11a) Wherefore remember, that ye being in time past Gentiles in the flesh,

B (11b) who are called Uncircumcision by that which is called the Circumcision in the flesh made by hands;

C (12a) That at that time ye were without Christ,

D (12b) being aliens from the commonwealth of Israel,

E (12c) and strangers from the covenants of promise,

F (12d) having no hope, and without God in the world:

G (13) But now in Christ Jesus ye who sometimes were far off are made nigh by the blood of Christ.

H (14) For he is our peace, who hath made both one, and hath broken down the middle wall of partition between us;

I. (15a) Having abolished in his flesh the enmity , even the law of commandments contained in ordinances; 

J (15b)  for to make in himself of twain one new man, so making peace;

J’ (16)  And that he might reconcile both unto God in one body

I’ by the cross, having slain the enmity thereby:

H’ (17a) And came and preached peace

G’.(17b) to you which were afar off, and to them that were nigh.

F’ (18) For through him we both have access by one Spirit unto the Father.

E’ (19a) Now therefore ye are no more strangers and foreigners,

D’ (19b) but fellowcitizens with the saints, and of the household of God;

C’ (20) And are built upon the foundation of the apostles and prophets, Jesus Christ himself being the chief corner stone;

B’ (21) In whom all the building fitly framed together groweth unto an holy temple in the Lord:

A’ (22) In whom ye also are builded together for an habitation of God through the Spirit.

 

 

1 Corinthians 11:3-16*

A. 3 But I would have you know,
that the head of every man is Christ;
and the head of the woman is the man;
and the head of Christ is God.

B. 4 Every man praying or prophesying, having his head covered, dishonoureth his head. 5 But every woman that prayeth or prophesieth with her head uncovered dishonoureth her head:
for that is even all one as if she were shaven.

C. 6 For if the woman be not covered,
let her also be shorn:
 but if it be a shame for a woman to be shorn or shaven,
let her be covered.

D. 7 For a man indeed ought not to cover his head,
forasmuch as he is the image and glory of God:
but the woman is the glory of the man.

E. 8  For the man is not
of the woman;
but the woman
of the man.

F. 9 Neither was the man created
for the woman;
but the woman
for the man.

G. 10 For this cause ought the woman to have power (authority) on her head because of the angels.

F’. 11 Nevertheless neither is the man
                without the woman,
neither the woman
without the man, in the Lord.

E’.12 For as the woman is
of the man,
even so is man also
by the woman;

D’. but all things of God.

C’. 13 Judge in yourselves:
is it comely that a woman pray unto God uncovered?

B’. 14 Doth not even nature itself teach you, that,
if a man have long hair, it is a shame unto him?
15 But if a woman have long hair, it is a glory to her:
for her hair is given her for a covering.

A’. 16 But if any man seem to be contentious,
we have no such custom (synetheia),
neither the churches of God.

 

Romans 14

Note: the chapter has an ABCB’A structure.

A. Meats
a. 14:1 Him that is weak in the faith receive ye, but not to doubtful disputations.

b. 2 For one believeth that he may eat all things:

c. another, who is weak, eateth herbs.

b’. 3 Let not him that eateth despise him that eateth not;

c’. and let not him which eateth not judge him that eateth:

a’. for God hath received him.

B. Judging
a. 4 Who art thou that judgest another man’s servant? to his own master he standeth or falleth. Yea, he shall be holden up: for God is able to make him stand.

b. 5 One man esteemeth (judges)  one day above another:

c. another esteemeth (judges) every day alike.

a’. Let every man be fully persuaded in his own mind.

b’. 6 He that regardeth the day, regardeth it unto the Lord;

c’. and he that regardeth not the day, to the Lord he doth not regard it.

b’’. He that eateth, eateth to the Lord, for he giveth God thanks;

c’’. and he that eateth not, to the Lord he eateth not,  and giveth God thanks.

C. Living as unto the Lord
a. 7 For none of us liveth to himself,

b. and no man dieth to himself.

a’. 8 For whether we live, we live unto the Lord;

b’. and whether we die, we die unto the Lord:

a. whether we live therefore,

b. or die,

c. we are the Lord’s.

d. 9 For to this end Christ both died, and rose, and revived,

c’. that he might be Lord

b’. both of the dead

a’. and living.

B’. Judging
a.10 But why dost thou judge thy brother? or why dost thou set at nought thy brother?

b. for we shall all stand before the judgment seat of Christ.

c. 11 For it is written, As I live, saith the Lord, every knee shall bow to me, and every tongue shall confess to God.

b’. 12 So then every one of us shall give account of himself to God.

a’. 13 Let us not therefore judge one another any more: but judge this rather, that no man put a stumblingblock or an occasion to fall in his brother’s way

A. Meats
a. 14 I know, and am persuaded by the Lord Jesus, that there is nothing unclean of itself: but to him that esteemeth any thing to be unclean, to him it is unclean.

b.15 But if thy brother be grieved with thy meat, now walkest thou not charitably. Destroy not him with thy meat, for whom Christ died.

c.16 Let not then your good be evil spoken of:

d. For the kingdom of God is not meat and drink;

e. 17 but righteousness, and peace, and joy in the Holy Ghost.

f. 18 For he that in these things serveth Christ is acceptable to God, and approved of men.

e’. 19 Let us therefore follow after the things which make for peace, and things wherewith one may edify another.

d’. 20 For meat destroy not the work of God.

c’. All things indeed are pure; but it is evil for that man who eateth with offence.

b’. 21 It is good neither to eat flesh, nor to drink wine, nor any thing whereby thy brother stumbleth, or is offended, or is made weak.

a’. Hast thou faith? have it to thyself before God. Happy is he that condemneth not himself in that thing which he alloweth. 23 And he that doubteth is damned if he eat, because he eateth not of faith: for whatsoever is not of faith is sin.

Romans 4:13-25

A. 13 For the promise, that he should be the heir of the world, was not to Abraham, or to his seed, through the law, but through the righteousness of faith. 14 For if they which are of the law be heirs, faith is made void, and the promise made of none effect: 15 Because the law worketh wrath: for where no law is, there is no transgression.

B. 16 Therefore it is of faith, that it might be by grace; to the end the promise might be sure to all the seed; not to that only which is of the law,  but to that also which is of the faith of Abraham; who is the father of us all, 17 (As it is written, I have made thee a father of many nations,)

C. before him whom he believed, even God, who quickeneth the dead,

D. and calleth those things which be not as though they were.

C’. 18 Who against hope believed in hope,

B’. that he might become the father of many nations, according to that which was spoken, So shall thy seed be. 19 And being not weak in faith, he considered not his own body now dead, when he was about an hundred years old, neither yet the deadness of Sara’s womb: 20 He staggered not at the promise of God through unbelief; but was strong in faith, giving glory to God; 21 And being fully persuaded that, what he had promised, he was able also to perform.

A’. 22 And therefore it was imputed to him for righteousness. 23 Now it was not written for his sake alone, that it was imputed to him; 24 But for us also, to whom it shall be imputed, if we believe on him that raised up Jesus our Lord from the dead; 25 Who was delivered for our offences, and was raised again for our justification.