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Joshua 2:9-13

Note: From Tyndale OTC, IVP, R Hess, 1996

A. 9 And she said unto the men, I know that the LORD hath given you the land,

B. and that your terror is fallen upon us,

C. and that all the inhabitants of the land faint because of you.

D. 10 For we have heard how the LORD dried up the water of the Red sea for you, when ye came out of Egypt; and what ye did unto the two kings of the Amorites, that were on the other side Jordan, Sihon and Og, whom ye utterly destroyed.

D’. 11 And as soon as we had heard these things,

C’. our hearts did melt,

B’. neither did there remain any more courage in any man, because of you:

A’. for the LORD your God, he is God in heaven above, and in earth beneath. 12 Now therefore, I pray you, swear unto me by the LORD, since I have shewed you kindness, that ye will also shew kindness unto my father’s house, and give me a true token:13 And that ye will save alive my father, and my mother, and my brethren, and my sisters, and all that they have,  and deliver our lives from death.

Isaiah 24

A. 24:1 Behold, the LORD maketh the earth empty,
and maketh it waste,
and turneth it upside down,
and scattereth abroad the inhabitants thereof.

B. 2 And it shall be, as with the people, so with the priest;
as with the servant, so with his master;
as with the maid, so with her mistress;
as with the buyer, so with the seller;
as with the lender, so with the borrower;
as with the taker of usury, so with the giver of usury to him.

A’. 3 The land shall be utterly emptied, and utterly spoiled:
for the LORD hath spoken this word.

A. 4 The earth  mourneth and fadeth away,
the world languisheth and fadeth away,
the haughty people of the earth do languish.

B. 5 The earth also is defiled under the inhabitants thereof;

C. because they have transgressed the laws,
changed the ordinance,
broken the everlasting covenant.

B’. 6 Therefore hath the curse devoured the earth,
and they that dwell therein are desolate:
therefore the inhabitants of the earth are burned,
and few men left.

A’. 7 The new wine mourneth, the vine languisheth,
all the merryhearted do sigh.

A. 8 The mirth of tabrets ceaseth,
the noise of them that rejoice endeth,
the joy of the harp ceaseth.
9 They shall not drink wine with a song;
strong drink shall be bitter to them that drink it.

B. 10 The city (qirya) of confusion is broken down:
every house is shut up, that no man may come in.

A’. 11 There is a crying for wine in the streets;
all joy is darkened,
the mirth of the land is gone.

B’. 12 In the city (iyr) is left desolation,
and the gate is smitten with destruction.

13 When thus it shall be in the midst of the land among the people, there shall be as the shaking of an olive tree, and as the gleaning grapes when the vintage is done.

 

A. 14 They shall lift up their voice,
they shall sing for the majesty of the LORD,
they shall cry aloud from the sea.

B. 15 Wherefore glorify ye the LORD in the fires,
even the name of the LORD God of Israel in the isles of the sea.

A’. 16 From the uttermost part of the earth have we heard songs, even glory to the righteous.

But I said, My leanness, my leanness, woe unto me!
the treacherous dealers have dealt treacherously;
yea, the treacherous dealers have dealt very treacherously.

A. 17 Fear,

B. and the pit,

C. and the snare,

D. are upon thee, O inhabitant of the earth.

A’. 18 And it shall come to pass, that he who fleeth from the noise of the fear

B’. shall fall into the pit;

C’. and he that cometh up out of the midst of the pit shall be taken in the snare:

D’. for the windows from on high are open,
and the foundations of the earth do shake.
19 The earth is utterly broken down,
the earth is clean dissolved,
the earth is moved exceedingly.
20 The earth shall reel to and fro like a drunkard,
and shall be removed like a cottage;
and the transgression thereof shall be heavy upon it;
and it shall fall, and not rise again.

A. 21 And it shall come to pass in that day,

B. that the LORD shall punish the host of the high ones that are on high,

C. and the kings of the earth upon the earth.

D. 22 And they shall be gathered together, as prisoners are gathered in the pit, and shall be shut up in the prison,

A’. and after many days shall they be visited.

B’. 23 Then the moon shall be confounded, and the sun ashamed,

C’. when the LORD of hosts shall reign in mount Zion,

D’. and in Jerusalem, and before his ancients gloriously.

James 1

Note: The epistle of James defies simple structural analysis, even though inversion of themes is evident across the epistle. A closer look at Ch 1  suggests perhaps that the parable of the sower (especially Luke 8) is in mind. The first type of sowing – by the way side – is not included because the epistle is written to exhort believers. The chapter begins with the need for patience in bringing forth fruit. This is a reference to Luke 8:15 “bring forth fruit with patience”). The chapter then moves to the second type of sowing with the rich man wilting under the sun. Are the riches the cause of being shallow rooted? Then there is a contrast with the one who endures. Next comes reference to the source of sin – lusts, and corresponds to the third type of sowing where “the lusts of other things” choke the word.  The chapter then reiterates that the seed is the word of God sown by Him and received by those who are quick to hear. The resulting  fruit – “doers of the word and not hearers only.”

James 1

James 1:12-15

12 Blessed is the man that endureth temptationfor when he is tried, he shall receive the crown of lifewhich the Lord hath promised to them that love him.

a. 13 Let no man say when he is tempted,

b. I am tempted of God:

a’.  for God cannot be tempted with evil, 

b’. neither tempteth he any man:

a”. 14 But every man is tempted,

b”.  i. when he is drawn away of his own lust, and enticed.

ii. 15 Then when lust hath conceived, it bringeth forth sin:

iii. and sin, when it is finished, bringeth forth death.

Deuteronomy*

Note: readers may be interested in Casper Labuschagne’s proposal that Deuteronomy has a symmetrical Menorah pattern https://www.labuschagne.nl/deut.htm

Part I    Deut 1:6-3:29 Moses’ Opening Discourse (looking backwards)

Part II    Deut 4:1-49   Opening Prophetic Peroration 

Part III    Deut 5:1-11:32   Moses Expounds the Horeb Covenant

Part IV     Deut 12:1-26:19     Moses Promulgates the Covenant Stipulations

Part V     Deut 27:1-28:69   Moses Expounds the Moab Covenant

Part VI     Deut 29:1-30:20   Concluding Prophetic Peroration  

Part VII     Deut 31:1-33:29 Moses’ Concluding Discourse (looking forward)

   Epilogue  Deut 34,1-12 Moses’ Death          

Isaiah 19

19:1 The burden of Egypt.

A. Egypt will be defeated by the LORD
Behold, the LORD rideth upon a swift cloud, and shall come into Egypt: and the idols of Egypt shall be moved at his presence, and the heart of Egypt shall melt in the midst of it.

B. Political collapse
2 And I will set the Egyptians against the Egyptians:
and they shall fight every one against his brother,
and every one against his neighbour;
city against city, and kingdom against kingdom.
3 And the spirit of Egypt shall fail in the midst thereof;
and I will destroy the counsel thereof,
and they shall seek to the idols, and to the charmers,
and to them that have familiar spirits, and to the wizards.
4 And the Egyptians will I give over into the hand of a cruel lord;
and a fierce king shall rule over them,
saith the Lord, the LORD of hosts.

C. Economic collapse – the failure of the Nile
5 And the waters shall fail from the sea,
and the river shall be wasted and dried up.
6 And they shall turn the rivers far away;
and the brooks of defence shall be emptied and dried up:
the reeds and flags shall wither.
7 The paper reeds by the brooks,
by the mouth of the brooks,
and every thing sown by the brooks,
shall wither, be driven away, and be no more.
8 The fishers also shall mourn,
and all they that cast angle into the brooks shall lament,
and they that spread nets upon the waters shall languish.
9 Moreover they that work in fine flax,
and they that weave networks, shall be confounded.
10 And they shall be broken in the purposes thereof,
all that make sluices and ponds for fish.

B’. Political collapse
11 Surely the princes of Zoan are fools,
the counsel of the wise counsellors of Pharaoh is become brutish:
how say ye unto Pharaoh,
I am the son of the wise, the son of ancient kings?
12 Where are they? where are thy wise men?
and let them tell thee now,and let them know what the LORD of hosts hath purposed upon Egypt.
13 The princes of Zoan are become fools,
the princes of Noph are deceived;
they have also seduced Egypt,
even they that are the stay of the tribes thereof.

A’. Egypt will be defeated by the LORD
The LORD hath mingled a perverse spirit in the midst thereof:
and they have caused Egypt to err in every work thereof,
as a drunken man staggereth in his vomit.
Neither shall there be any work for Egypt,
which the head or tail, branch or rush, may do.

A. Egypt in fear and awe of YHWH
16 In that day shall Egypt be like unto women:
and it shall be afraid and fear because of the shaking of the hand of the LORD of hosts, which he shaketh over it.
17 And the land of Judah shall be a terror unto Egypt,
every one that maketh mention thereof shall be afraid in himself, because of the counsel of the LORD of hosts,
which he hath determined against it.

B. Egypt cities swear to YHWH
18 In that day there will be five cities in the land of Egypt that speak the language of Canaan and swear allegiance to the LORD of hosts. One of these will be called the City of Destruction.

C. Egypt healed by YHWH
a. 19 In that day shall there be an altar to the LORD in the midst of the land of Egypt, and a pillar at the border thereof to the LORD. 20 And it shall be for a sign and for a witness unto the LORD of hosts in the land of Egypt: for they shall cry unto the LORD because of the oppressors, and he shall send them a saviour, and a great one, and he shall deliver them.

b.  21 And the LORD shall be known to Egypt,
and the Egyptians shall know the LORD in that day,
and shall do sacrifice and oblation;
yea, they shall vow a vow unto the LORD, and perform it.

a’. 22 And the LORD shall smite Egypt:
he shall smite and heal it:
and they shall return even to the LORD,
and he shall be intreated of them,and shall heal them.

B’. Egypt has highway to Assyria
23 In that day shall there be a highway out of Egypt to Assyria,
and the Assyrian shall come into Egypt,
and the Egyptian into Assyria,
and the Egyptians shall serve with the Assyrians.

A’. Egypt become the people of YHWH
24 In that day shall Israel be the third with Egypt and with Assyria, even a blessing in the midst of the land:
25 Whom the LORD of hosts shall bless, saying,
Blessed be Egypt my people,
and Assyria the work of my hands,
and Israel mine inheritance.

1 Corinthians 15

A. 15:1 Moreover, brethren, I declare unto you the gospel which I preached unto you, which also ye have received, and wherein ye stand; 2 By which also ye are saved, if ye keep in memory what I preached unto you, unless ye have believed in vain.

B. 3 For I delivered unto you first of all that which I also received, how that Christ died for our sins according to the scriptures; 4 And that he was buried, and that he rose again the third day according to the scriptures:

C. i 5 And that he was seen of Cephas, then of the twelve:

ii. 6 After that, he was seen of above five hundred brethren at once; of whom the greater part remain unto this present, but some are fallen asleep.

iii.7 After that, he was seen of James; then of all the apostles.

iv. 8 And last of all he was seen of me also, as of one born out of due time.

9 For I am the least of the apostles, that am not meet to be called an apostle, because I persecuted the church of God.

A’. 10 But by the grace of God I am what I am: and his grace which was bestowed upon me was not in vain; but I laboured more abundantly than they all: yet not I, but the grace of God which was with me. 11 Therefore whether it were I or they, so we preach, and so ye believed.

A.12 Now if Christ be preached that he rose from the dead,how say some among you that there is no resurrection of the dead? 13 But if there be no resurrection of the deadthen is Christ not risen: 

B. 14 And if Christ be not risen, then is our preaching vain, and your faith is also vain.

C.15 Yea, and we are found false witnesses of God;  because we have testified of God that he raised up Christ:

D. whom he raised not up, if so be that the dead rise not.

C’. 16 For if the dead rise not, then is not Christ raised:

B’. And if Christ be not raised, your faith is vain; ye are yet in your sins.18Then they also which are fallen asleep in Christ are perished. 19 If in this life only we have hope in Christ, we are of all men most miserable.

A’. 20 But now is Christ risen from the dead,

A. and become the firstfruits of them that slept. For since by man came death, by man came also the resurrection of the dead.

B. 21 For since by man came death,

C. by man came also the resurrection of the dead.

B’. 22 For as in Adam all die,

C’. even so in Christ shall all be made alive.

A’. 23 But every man in his own order: Christ the firstfruits; afterward they that are Christ’s at his coming.

A.24 Then cometh the end, when he shall have delivered up the kingdom to God, even the Father;

B. when he shall have put down all rule and all authority and power.

C. 25 For he must reign, till he hath put all enemies under his feet.

D. 26 The last enemy that shall be destroyed is death.

C’. 27 For he hath put all things under his feet. But when he saith all things are put under him, it is manifest that he is excepted, which did put all things under him.

B’. 28 And when all things shall be subdued unto him,

A’. then shall the Son also himself be subject unto him that put all things under him, that God may be all in all.

A. 29 Else what shall they do which are baptized for the dead, if the dead rise not at all? why are they then baptized for the dead?

B. 30 And why stand we in jeopardy every hour? 31 I protest by your rejoicing which I have in Christ Jesus our Lord, I die daily.

B’. 32 If after the manner of men I have fought with beasts at Ephesus, what advantageth it me,

A’. if the dead rise not?  let us eat and drink; for to morrow we die.

A. 33 Be not deceived:

B. evil communications corrupt good manners.

B’. 34 Awake to righteousness, and sin not;

A’. for some have not the knowledge of God: I speak this to your shame.

A. 35 But some man will say,  How are the dead raised up? and with what body do they come?

B. 36 Thou fool, that which thou sowest is not quickened, except it die:

B’. 37 And that which thou sowest, thou sowest not that body that shall be, but bare grain, it may chance of wheat, or of some other grain:

A’. 38 But God giveth it a body as it hath pleased him,  and to every seed his own body.

A. 39 All flesh is not the same flesh:

B. but there is one kind of flesh of men,
another flesh of beasts,
another of fishes,
and another of birds.

C. 40 There are also celestial bodies,
and bodies terrestrial:

C’. but the glory of the celestial is one,
and the glory of the terrestrial is another.

B’. 41 There is one glory of the sun,
and another glory of the moon,
and another glory of the stars:

A’. for one star differeth from another star in glory.

A. 42 So also is the resurrection of the dead.
It is sown in corruption; it is raised in incorruption:
It is sown in dishonour; it is raised in glory:
43 it is sown in weakness; it is raised in power:
44 It is sown a natural body; it is raised a spiritual body.

B. There is a natural body, and there is a spiritual body.

C. And so it is written,
The first man Adam was made a living soul;
the last Adam was made a quickening spirit.

B’. 46 Howbeit that was not first which is spiritual, but that which is natural; and afterward that which is spiritual.

A’. a. 47 The first man is of the earth, earthy:
b. the second man is the Lord from heaven.
a. 48 As is the earthy, such are they also that are earthy:
b. and as is the heavenly, such are they also that are heavenly.
a. 49 And as we have borne the image of the earthy,
b. we shall also bear the image of the heavenly.

A. 50 Now this I say, brethren, that flesh and blood cannot inherit the kingdom of God; neither doth corruption inherit incorruption.

B. 51 Behold, I shew you a mystery,
We shall not all sleep,
but we shall all be changed,

C. 52 In a moment,
in the twinkling of an eye,
at the last trump:
for the trumpet shall sound,
and the dead shall be raised incorruptible,

B’. and we shall be changed.

A’. 53 For this corruptible must put on incorruption,
and this mortal must put on immortality.

A. So when this corruptible shall have put on incorruption,
and this mortal shall have put on immortality,
then shall be brought to pass the saying that is written,
Death is swallowed up in victory.

B. O death, where is thy sting?
O grave, where is thy victory?

B’. 56 The sting of death is sin;
and the strength of sin is the law.

A’. 57 But thanks be to God, which giveth us the victory through our Lord Jesus Christ. 58 Therefore, my beloved brethren, be ye stedfast, un-moveable, always abounding in the work of the Lord, forasmuch as ye know that your labour is not in vain in the Lord.

1 Corinthians 6

Note: I find the flow of thought  difficult in this chapter. In the second section I have suggested that 6:9 and 6:12 are parallel because it looks as if in vv12 -13 Paul is quoting and answering sayings used by the Corinthians to justifying  sinning, and this is part of the deception that he warns them of in v9.  

A. 6:1 Dare any of you, having a matter against another, go to law before the unjust, and not before the saints?

B. i. 2 Do ye not know that the saints shall judge the world?

ii. and if the world shall be judged by you, are ye unworthy to judge the smallest matters?

i’. 3 Know ye not that we shall judge angels?

ii’. how much more things that pertain to this life?

B’. i. 4 If then ye have judgments of things pertaining to this life,

ii. set them to judge who are least esteemed in the church.

iii. 5 I speak to your shame.

ii’. Is it so, that there is not a wise man among you?

i. no, not one that shall be able to judge between his brethren?

A’. 6 But brother goeth to law with brother, and that before the unbelievers. 7 Now therefore there is utterly a fault among you, because ye go to law one with another. Why do ye not rather take wrong? why do ye not rather suffer yourselves to be defrauded? 8 Nay, ye do wrong, and defraud, and that your brethren.

A. 9 Know ye not that the unrighteous shall not inherit the kingdom of God?

B. 9 Be not deceived: neither fornicators, nor idolaters, nor adulterers, nor effeminate, nor abusers of themselves with mankind, 6:10 Nor thieves, nor covetous, nor drunkards, nor revilers, nor extortioners, shall inherit the kingdom of God.

C. 11 And such were some of you: but ye are washed, but ye are sanctified, but ye are justified in the name of the Lord Jesus, and by the Spirit of our God.

B’. 6:12 All things are lawful unto me,
but all things are not expedient:
all things are lawful for me,
but I will not be brought under the power of any.

A’. 13. Meats for the belly, and the belly for meats: 13 but God shall destroy both it and them.

A. a. Now the body is not for fornication but for the Lord; and the Lord for the body. 14 And God hath both raised up the Lord, and will also raise up us by his own power.

b. 15 Know ye not that your bodies are the members of Christ? shall I then take the members of Christ, and make them the members of an harlot? God forbid.

B. a. 16 What? know ye not that he which is joined to an harlot is one body?

b. for two, saith he, shall be one flesh.

a’. 17 But he that is joined unto the Lord is one spirit.

A’. a’. 18 Flee fornication. Every sin that a man doeth is without the body; but he that committeth fornication sinneth against his own body.

b’. 19 What? know ye not that your body is the temple of the Holy [Spirit] which is in you, which ye have of God, and ye are not your own? For ye are bought with a price: 20 therefore glorify God in your body, and in your spirit, which are God’s.