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Deuteronomy*

Note: readers may be interested in Casper Labuschagne’s proposal that Deuteronomy has a symmetrical Menorah pattern https://www.labuschagne.nl/deut.htm

Part I    Deut 1:6-3:29 Moses’ Opening Discourse (looking backwards)

Part II    Deut 4:1-49   Opening Prophetic Peroration 

Part III    Deut 5:1-11:32   Moses Expounds the Horeb Covenant

Part IV     Deut 12:1-26:19     Moses Promulgates the Covenant Stipulations

Part V     Deut 27:1-28:69   Moses Expounds the Moab Covenant

Part VI     Deut 29:1-30:20   Concluding Prophetic Peroration  

Part VII     Deut 31:1-33:29 Moses’ Concluding Discourse (looking forward)

   Epilogue  Deut 34,1-12 Moses’ Death          

Isaiah 19

19:1 The burden of Egypt.

A. Egypt will be defeated by the LORD
Behold, the LORD rideth upon a swift cloud, and shall come into Egypt: and the idols of Egypt shall be moved at his presence, and the heart of Egypt shall melt in the midst of it.

B. Political collapse
2 And I will set the Egyptians against the Egyptians:
and they shall fight every one against his brother,
and every one against his neighbour;
city against city, and kingdom against kingdom.
3 And the spirit of Egypt shall fail in the midst thereof;
and I will destroy the counsel thereof,
and they shall seek to the idols, and to the charmers,
and to them that have familiar spirits, and to the wizards.
4 And the Egyptians will I give over into the hand of a cruel lord;
and a fierce king shall rule over them,
saith the Lord, the LORD of hosts.

C. Economic collapse – the failure of the Nile
5 And the waters shall fail from the sea,
and the river shall be wasted and dried up.
6 And they shall turn the rivers far away;
and the brooks of defence shall be emptied and dried up:
the reeds and flags shall wither.
7 The paper reeds by the brooks,
by the mouth of the brooks,
and every thing sown by the brooks,
shall wither, be driven away, and be no more.
8 The fishers also shall mourn,
and all they that cast angle into the brooks shall lament,
and they that spread nets upon the waters shall languish.
9 Moreover they that work in fine flax,
and they that weave networks, shall be confounded.
10 And they shall be broken in the purposes thereof,
all that make sluices and ponds for fish.

B’. Political collapse
11 Surely the princes of Zoan are fools,
the counsel of the wise counsellors of Pharaoh is become brutish:
how say ye unto Pharaoh,
I am the son of the wise, the son of ancient kings?
12 Where are they? where are thy wise men?
and let them tell thee now,and let them know what the LORD of hosts hath purposed upon Egypt.
13 The princes of Zoan are become fools,
the princes of Noph are deceived;
they have also seduced Egypt,
even they that are the stay of the tribes thereof.

A’. Egypt will be defeated by the LORD
The LORD hath mingled a perverse spirit in the midst thereof:
and they have caused Egypt to err in every work thereof,
as a drunken man staggereth in his vomit.
Neither shall there be any work for Egypt,
which the head or tail, branch or rush, may do.

A. Egypt in fear and awe of YHWH
16 In that day shall Egypt be like unto women:
and it shall be afraid and fear because of the shaking of the hand of the LORD of hosts, which he shaketh over it.
17 And the land of Judah shall be a terror unto Egypt,
every one that maketh mention thereof shall be afraid in himself, because of the counsel of the LORD of hosts,
which he hath determined against it.

B. Egypt cities swear to YHWH
18 In that day there will be five cities in the land of Egypt that speak the language of Canaan and swear allegiance to the LORD of hosts. One of these will be called the City of Destruction.

C. Egypt healed by YHWH
a. 19 In that day shall there be an altar to the LORD in the midst of the land of Egypt, and a pillar at the border thereof to the LORD. 20 And it shall be for a sign and for a witness unto the LORD of hosts in the land of Egypt: for they shall cry unto the LORD because of the oppressors, and he shall send them a saviour, and a great one, and he shall deliver them.

b.  21 And the LORD shall be known to Egypt,
and the Egyptians shall know the LORD in that day,
and shall do sacrifice and oblation;
yea, they shall vow a vow unto the LORD, and perform it.

a’. 22 And the LORD shall smite Egypt:
he shall smite and heal it:
and they shall return even to the LORD,
and he shall be intreated of them,and shall heal them.

B’. Egypt has highway to Assyria
23 In that day shall there be a highway out of Egypt to Assyria,
and the Assyrian shall come into Egypt,
and the Egyptian into Assyria,
and the Egyptians shall serve with the Assyrians.

A’. Egypt become the people of YHWH
24 In that day shall Israel be the third with Egypt and with Assyria, even a blessing in the midst of the land:
25 Whom the LORD of hosts shall bless, saying,
Blessed be Egypt my people,
and Assyria the work of my hands,
and Israel mine inheritance.

1 Corinthians 15

A. 15:1 Moreover, brethren, I declare unto you the gospel which I preached unto you, which also ye have received, and wherein ye stand; 2 By which also ye are saved, if ye keep in memory what I preached unto you, unless ye have believed in vain.

B. 3 For I delivered unto you first of all that which I also received, how that Christ died for our sins according to the scriptures; 4 And that he was buried, and that he rose again the third day according to the scriptures:

C. i 5 And that he was seen of Cephas, then of the twelve:

ii. 6 After that, he was seen of above five hundred brethren at once; of whom the greater part remain unto this present, but some are fallen asleep.

iii.7 After that, he was seen of James; then of all the apostles.

iv. 8 And last of all he was seen of me also, as of one born out of due time.

9 For I am the least of the apostles, that am not meet to be called an apostle, because I persecuted the church of God.

A’. 10 But by the grace of God I am what I am: and his grace which was bestowed upon me was not in vain; but I laboured more abundantly than they all: yet not I, but the grace of God which was with me. 11 Therefore whether it were I or they, so we preach, and so ye believed.

A.12 Now if Christ be preached that he rose from the dead,how say some among you that there is no resurrection of the dead? 13 But if there be no resurrection of the deadthen is Christ not risen: 

B. 14 And if Christ be not risen, then is our preaching vain, and your faith is also vain.

C.15 Yea, and we are found false witnesses of God;  because we have testified of God that he raised up Christ:

D. whom he raised not up, if so be that the dead rise not.

C’. 16 For if the dead rise not, then is not Christ raised:

B’. And if Christ be not raised, your faith is vain; ye are yet in your sins.18Then they also which are fallen asleep in Christ are perished. 19 If in this life only we have hope in Christ, we are of all men most miserable.

A’. 20 But now is Christ risen from the dead,

A. and become the firstfruits of them that slept. For since by man came death, by man came also the resurrection of the dead.

B. 21 For since by man came death,

C. by man came also the resurrection of the dead.

B’. 22 For as in Adam all die,

C’. even so in Christ shall all be made alive.

A’. 23 But every man in his own order: Christ the firstfruits; afterward they that are Christ’s at his coming.

A.24 Then cometh the end, when he shall have delivered up the kingdom to God, even the Father;

B. when he shall have put down all rule and all authority and power.

C. 25 For he must reign, till he hath put all enemies under his feet.

D. 26 The last enemy that shall be destroyed is death.

C’. 27 For he hath put all things under his feet. But when he saith all things are put under him, it is manifest that he is excepted, which did put all things under him.

B’. 28 And when all things shall be subdued unto him,

A’. then shall the Son also himself be subject unto him that put all things under him, that God may be all in all.

A. 29 Else what shall they do which are baptized for the dead, if the dead rise not at all? why are they then baptized for the dead?

B. 30 And why stand we in jeopardy every hour? 31 I protest by your rejoicing which I have in Christ Jesus our Lord, I die daily.

B’. 32 If after the manner of men I have fought with beasts at Ephesus, what advantageth it me,

A’. if the dead rise not?  let us eat and drink; for to morrow we die.

A. 33 Be not deceived:

B. evil communications corrupt good manners.

B’. 34 Awake to righteousness, and sin not;

A’. for some have not the knowledge of God: I speak this to your shame.

A. 35 But some man will say,  How are the dead raised up? and with what body do they come?

B. 36 Thou fool, that which thou sowest is not quickened, except it die:

B’. 37 And that which thou sowest, thou sowest not that body that shall be, but bare grain, it may chance of wheat, or of some other grain:

A’. 38 But God giveth it a body as it hath pleased him,  and to every seed his own body.

A. 39 All flesh is not the same flesh:

B. but there is one kind of flesh of men,
another flesh of beasts,
another of fishes,
and another of birds.

C. 40 There are also celestial bodies,
and bodies terrestrial:

C’. but the glory of the celestial is one,
and the glory of the terrestrial is another.

B’. 41 There is one glory of the sun,
and another glory of the moon,
and another glory of the stars:

A’. for one star differeth from another star in glory.

A. 42 So also is the resurrection of the dead.
It is sown in corruption; it is raised in incorruption:
It is sown in dishonour; it is raised in glory:
43 it is sown in weakness; it is raised in power:
44 It is sown a natural body; it is raised a spiritual body.

B. There is a natural body, and there is a spiritual body.

C. And so it is written,
The first man Adam was made a living soul;
the last Adam was made a quickening spirit.

B’. 46 Howbeit that was not first which is spiritual, but that which is natural; and afterward that which is spiritual.

A’. a. 47 The first man is of the earth, earthy:
b. the second man is the Lord from heaven.
a. 48 As is the earthy, such are they also that are earthy:
b. and as is the heavenly, such are they also that are heavenly.
a. 49 And as we have borne the image of the earthy,
b. we shall also bear the image of the heavenly.

A. 50 Now this I say, brethren, that flesh and blood cannot inherit the kingdom of God; neither doth corruption inherit incorruption.

B. 51 Behold, I shew you a mystery,
We shall not all sleep,
but we shall all be changed,

C. 52 In a moment,
in the twinkling of an eye,
at the last trump:
for the trumpet shall sound,
and the dead shall be raised incorruptible,

B’. and we shall be changed.

A’. 53 For this corruptible must put on incorruption,
and this mortal must put on immortality.

A. So when this corruptible shall have put on incorruption,
and this mortal shall have put on immortality,
then shall be brought to pass the saying that is written,
Death is swallowed up in victory.

B. O death, where is thy sting?
O grave, where is thy victory?

B’. 56 The sting of death is sin;
and the strength of sin is the law.

A’. 57 But thanks be to God, which giveth us the victory through our Lord Jesus Christ. 58 Therefore, my beloved brethren, be ye stedfast, un-moveable, always abounding in the work of the Lord, forasmuch as ye know that your labour is not in vain in the Lord.

1 Corinthians 6

Note: I find the flow of thought  difficult in this chapter. In the second section I have suggested that 6:9 and 6:12 are parallel because it looks as if in vv12 -13 Paul is quoting and answering sayings used by the Corinthians to justifying  sinning, and this is part of the deception that he warns them of in v9.  

A. 6:1 Dare any of you, having a matter against another, go to law before the unjust, and not before the saints?

B. i. 2 Do ye not know that the saints shall judge the world?

ii. and if the world shall be judged by you, are ye unworthy to judge the smallest matters?

i’. 3 Know ye not that we shall judge angels?

ii’. how much more things that pertain to this life?

B’. i. 4 If then ye have judgments of things pertaining to this life,

ii. set them to judge who are least esteemed in the church.

iii. 5 I speak to your shame.

ii’. Is it so, that there is not a wise man among you?

i. no, not one that shall be able to judge between his brethren?

A’. 6 But brother goeth to law with brother, and that before the unbelievers. 7 Now therefore there is utterly a fault among you, because ye go to law one with another. Why do ye not rather take wrong? why do ye not rather suffer yourselves to be defrauded? 8 Nay, ye do wrong, and defraud, and that your brethren.

A. 9 Know ye not that the unrighteous shall not inherit the kingdom of God?

B. 9 Be not deceived: neither fornicators, nor idolaters, nor adulterers, nor effeminate, nor abusers of themselves with mankind, 6:10 Nor thieves, nor covetous, nor drunkards, nor revilers, nor extortioners, shall inherit the kingdom of God.

C. 11 And such were some of you: but ye are washed, but ye are sanctified, but ye are justified in the name of the Lord Jesus, and by the Spirit of our God.

B’. 6:12 All things are lawful unto me,
but all things are not expedient:
all things are lawful for me,
but I will not be brought under the power of any.

A’. 13. Meats for the belly, and the belly for meats: 13 but God shall destroy both it and them.

A. a. Now the body is not for fornication but for the Lord; and the Lord for the body. 14 And God hath both raised up the Lord, and will also raise up us by his own power.

b. 15 Know ye not that your bodies are the members of Christ? shall I then take the members of Christ, and make them the members of an harlot? God forbid.

B. a. 16 What? know ye not that he which is joined to an harlot is one body?

b. for two, saith he, shall be one flesh.

a’. 17 But he that is joined unto the Lord is one spirit.

A’. a’. 18 Flee fornication. Every sin that a man doeth is without the body; but he that committeth fornication sinneth against his own body.

b’. 19 What? know ye not that your body is the temple of the Holy [Spirit] which is in you, which ye have of God, and ye are not your own? For ye are bought with a price: 20 therefore glorify God in your body, and in your spirit, which are God’s.

Exodus 28:17-21 and Ezekiel 28:13

In Exodus 28 the High Priest’s breastplate was decorated with twelve jewels each one  representing one of the twelve tribes of Israel. The stones were arranged in four rows of three as follows:

  1. sardius, a topaz, and a carbuncle
  2. emerald, a sapphire, and a diamond.
  3.  ligure, an agate, and an amethyst.
  4. beryl, and an onyx, and a jasper:

In Ezekiel 28 the king of Tyre is reproved for mimicking the elements of the true Tabernacle/Temple and  claiming divine status. As part of this, verse 13 says

“… every precious stone was thy covering,
the sardius, topaz, and the diamond,
the beryl, the onyx, and the jasper,
the sapphire, the emerald, and the carbuncle,

Note the missing row – row 3.  The order of specific stones is almost the same in rows 1,2 and 4 although carbuncle and diamond swap positions.  The similarities are too much for coincidence, so what is the significance of the missing row?

Hebrews 11:28-31

A. 28 Through faith he kept the passover, and the sprinkling of blood, lest he that destroyed the firstborn should touch them.

B. 29 By faith they passed through the Red sea as by dry land: which the Egyptians assaying to do were drowned.

B’. 30 By faith the walls of Jericho fell down, after they were compassed about seven days.

A’. 31 By faith the harlot Rahab perished not with them that believed not, when she had received the spies with peace.

Hebrews 11:8-12

Note: In the chapter of faith Abraham is mentioned in two sections, vv8-12 and vv17-19, either side of the summary of faith, vv 13-16. The following verses link Abraham and Sarah in faith, producing the seed that inherit the promise. 

A. 8 By faith Abraham, when he was called to go out into a place which he should after receive for an inheritance, obeyed; and he went out, not knowing whither he went.

B. 9 By faith he sojourned in the land of promise, as in a strange country, dwelling in tabernacles with Isaac and Jacob,

C. the heirs with him of the same promise:

B’. 10 For he looked for a city which hath foundations, whose builder and maker is God.

A’. 11 Through faith also Sara herself received strength to conceive seed, and was delivered of a child when she was past age, because she judged him faithful who had promised. 12 Therefore sprang there even of one, and him as good as dead, so many as the stars of the sky in multitude, and as the sand which is by the sea shore innumerable.

Isaiah 42:1-4 and 49:1-6*

Note: Breck in his book “The Shape of Biblical Language” points out that the first two Servant Songs have a chiastic relationship. What do you think? My reading is AA’ – The Servant Christ brings judgment/salvation to the nations,  BB’ – Jesus’s  ministry to Israel, CC’ – God will ensure success, DD’ – Son of God by birth, EE’ – He accomplishes work through suffering, F – The Servant will manifest the glory of God.

A. 42:1 Behold my servant, whom I uphold;
mine elect, in whom my soul delighteth;
I have put my spirit upon him:
he shall bring forth judgment to the Gentiles.

B. 2 He shall not cry, nor lift up,
nor cause his voice to be heard in the street.
3 A bruised reed shall he not break,
and the smoking flax shall he not quench:
he shall bring forth judgment unto truth.

C. 4 He shall not fail nor be discouraged,
till he have set judgment in the earth:
and the isles shall wait for his law.

D. 49:1 Listen, O isles, unto me;
and hearken, ye people, from afar;
The LORD hath called me from the womb;
from the bowels of my mother hath he made mention of my name.

E. 2 And he hath made my mouth like a sharp sword;
in the shadow of his hand hath he hid me,
and made me a polished shaft;
in his quiver hath he hid me;

F. 3 And said unto me, Thou art my servant,
O Israel, in whom I will be glorified.

E’. 4 Then I said, I have laboured in vain,
I have spent my strength for nought, and in vain:
yet surely my judgment is with the LORD,
and my work with my God.

D’. 5 And now, saith the Lord that formed me from the womb to be his servant,
to bring Jacob again to him,
Though Israel be not gathered,

C’. yet shall I be glorious in the eyes of the LORD,
and my God shall be my strength.

B’. 6 And he said,
It is a light thing that thou shouldest be my servant
to raise up the tribes of Jacob,
and to restore the preserved of Israel:

A’. I will also give thee for a light to the Gentiles,
that thou mayest be my salvation unto the end of the earth.