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Isaiah 61:10-62:9

Note: if the previous post on Isaiah 61 is correct then the first 9 verses of ch 62 should be seen as an extension of the fourth section.

A. 62:10 I will greatly rejoice in the LORD,
my soul shall be joyful in my God;
for he hath clothed me with the garments of salvation,
he hath covered me with the robe of righteousness,
as a bridegroom decketh himself with ornaments,
and as a bride adorneth herself with her jewels.
11 For as the earth bringeth forth her bud,
and as the garden causeth the things that are sown in it to spring forth;
so the Lord GOD will cause righteousness and praise to spring forth
before all the nations.

B 62:1 For Zion’s sake will I not hold my peace,
and for Jerusalem’s sake I will not rest,
until the righteousness thereof go forth as brightness,
and the salvation thereof as a lamp that burneth.
2 And the Gentiles shall see thy righteousness,
and all kings thy glory:
and thou shalt be called by a new name,
which the mouth of the LORD shall name.
3 Thou shalt also be a crown of glory in the hand of the LORD,
and a royal diadem in the hand of thy God.

A’. 4 Thou shalt no more be termed Forsaken;
neither shall thy land any more be termed Desolate:
but thou shalt be called Hephzibah,
and thy land Beulah:
for the LORD delighteth in thee,
and thy land shall be married.
5 For as a young man marrieth a virgin,
so shall thy sons marry thee:
and as the bridegroom rejoiceth over the bride,
so shall thy God rejoice over thee.

B’. 6 I have set watchmen upon thy walls, O Jerusalem,
which shall never hold their peace day nor night:
ye that make mention of the LORD, keep not silence,
7 And give him no rest, till he establish,
and till he make Jerusalem a praise in the earth.
8 The LORD hath sworn by his right hand,
and by the arm of his strength,
Surely I will no more give thy corn to be meat for thine enemies;
and the sons of the stranger shall not drink thy wine,
for the which thou hast laboured:
9 But they that have gathered it shall eat it,  and praise the LORD;
and they that have brought it together shall drink it in the courts of my holiness.

1 Samuel 18:1-16

A. Jonathan loves David
1 And it came to pass, when he had made an end of speaking unto Saul, that the soul of Jonathan was knit with the soul of David, and Jonathan loved him as his own soul. 2 And Saul took him that day, and would let him go no more home to his father’s house. 3 Then Jonathan and David made a covenant, because he loved him as his own soul. 4 And Jonathan stripped himself of the robe that was upon him, and gave it to David, and his garments, even to his sword, and to his bow, and to his girdle.

B. 5 And David went out whithersoever Saul sent him, and behaved himself wisely: and Saul set him over the men of war, and he was accepted in the sight of all the people, and also in the sight of Saul’s servants.

C. Saul is jealous and angry with David
6 And it came to pass as they came, when David was returned from the slaughter of the Philistine, that the women came out of all cities of Israel, singing and dancing, to meet king Saul, with tabrets, with joy, and with instruments of musick. 7 And the women answered one another as they played, and said, Saul hath slain his thousands, and David his ten thousands. 8 And Saul was very wroth, and the saying displeased him; and he said, They have ascribed unto David ten thousands, and to me they have ascribed but thousands: and what can he have more but the kingdom?

D. 9 And Saul eyed David from that day and forward.

C’. Saul shows his anger against David
10 And it came to pass on the morrow, that the evil spirit from God came upon Saul, and he prophesied in the midst of the house: and David played with his hand, as at other times: and there was a javelin in Saul’s hand. 11 And Saul cast the javelin; for he said, I will smite David even to the wall with it. And David avoided out of his presence twice.

B’. 12 And Saul was afraid of David, because the LORD was with him, and was departed from Saul. 13 Therefore Saul removed him from him, and made him his captain over a thousand; and he went out and came in before the people. 14 And David behaved himself wisely in all his ways; and the LORD was with him. 15 Wherefore when Saul saw that he behaved himself very wisely, he was afraid of him.

A’. All Israel and Judah love David
16 But all Israel and Judah loved David, because he went out and came in before them.

Isaiah 28:1-8

A. 1 Woe to the crown of pride, to the drunkards of Ephraim,
whose glorious beauty is a fading flower,
which are on the head of the fat valleys of them that are overcome with wine!

B. 2 Behold, the LORD hath a mighty and strong one,
which as a tempest of hail and a destroying storm,
as a flood of mighty waters overflowing,
shall cast down to the earth with the hand.

C. 3 The crown of pride, the drunkards of Ephraim,
shall be trodden under feet:
4 And the glorious beauty,
which is on the head of the fat valley,
shall be a fading flower,
and as the hasty fruit before the summer;
which when he that looketh upon it seeth,
while it is yet in his hand he eateth it up.

B’. 5 In that day shall the LORD of hosts be for a crown of glory,
and for a diadem of beauty, unto the residue of his people,
6 And for a spirit of judgment to him that sitteth in judgment,
and for strength to them that turn the battle to the gate.

A’. 7 But they also have erred through wine,
and through strong drink are out of the way;
the priest and the prophet have erred through strong drink,
they are swallowed up of wine,
they are out of the way through strong drink;
they err in vision, they stumble in judgment.
8 For all tables are full of vomit and filthiness,
so that there is no place clean.

Isaiah 61

Note: This passage is divided below by the changes in “voice”. The first section and the last section represent Messiah speaking personally in the spirit of prophecy. The middle two sections are Messiah speaking to Israel, and YHWH speaking of Israel.  In the middle of verse 7 there is a change from “you” to “they” and this has been taken as a signal that the voice has changed.

A. Messiah speaks  of YHWH’s blessings
60:1 The Spirit of the Lord GOD is upon me,
because the LORD has anointed me
to bring good news to the poor;
he has sent me to bind up the brokenhearted,
to proclaim liberty to the captives,
and the opening of the prison to those who are bound;
2 to proclaim the year of the LORD’s favor,
and the day of vengeance of our God;
to comfort all who mourn;
3 to grant to those who mourn in Zion—
to give them a beautiful headdress instead of ashes,
the oil of gladness instead of mourning,
the garment of praise instead of a faint spirit;
that they may be called oaks of righteousness,
the planting of the LORD, that he may be glorified.
4 They shall build up the ancient ruins;
they shall raise up the former devastations;
they shall repair the ruined cities,
the devastations of many generations.

B. Messiah speaks to Israel about  restoration
5 Strangers shall stand and tend your flocks;
foreigners shall be your plowmen and vinedressers;
6 but you shall be called the priests of the LORD;
they shall speak of you as the ministers of our God;
you shall eat the wealth of the nations,
and in their glory you shall boast.
7 Instead of your shame there shall be a double portion;

B’.  YHWH speaks in first person about  restoring Israel
instead of dishonor they shall rejoice in their lot;
therefore in their land they shall possess a double portion;
they shall have everlasting joy.
8. For I the LORD love justice;
I hate robbery and wrong;
I will faithfully give them their recompense,
and I will make an everlasting covenant with them.
9 Their offspring shall be known among the nations,
and their descendants in the midst of the peoples;
all who see them shall acknowledge them,
that they are an offspring the LORD has blessed.

A’. Messiah speaks of YHWH’s blessing
10 I will greatly rejoice in the LORD;
my soul shall exult in my God,
for he has clothed me with the garments of salvation;
he has covered me with the robe of righteousness,
as a bridegroom decks himself like a priest with a beautiful headdress,
and as a bride adorns herself with her jewels.
11 For as the earth brings forth its sprouts,
and as a garden causes what is sown in it to sprout up,
so the Lord GOD will cause righteousness and praise
to sprout up before all the nations.

1 Samuel 21-22*

From the writings of Robert Youngblood

A. David, Doeg, and the priests at Nob (21:2–9)

B. David flees to a foreign city for refuge: Gath (21:10–16)

C. David meets his family and enlarges his forces (22:1–2)

B’. David flees to a foreign city for refuge: Mizpeh of Moab (22:3–5)

A’. Saul, Doeg, and the priests of Nob (22:6–22)

Isaiah 28:23-29

A. 23 Give ye ear, and hear my voice;
hearken, and hear my speech.
24 Doth the plowman plow all day to sow?
doth he open and break the clods of his ground?
25 When he hath made plain the face thereof,
doth he not cast abroad the fitches,
scatter the cummin,
and cast in the principal wheat
and the appointed barley and the rie in their place?

B. 26 For his God doth instruct him to discretion,
and doth teach him.

A’.  27 For the fitches are not threshed with a threshing instrument,
neither is a cart wheel turned about upon the cummin;
but the fitches are beaten out with a staff,
and the cummin with a rod.
28 Bread corn is bruised;
because he will not ever be threshing it,
nor break it with the wheel of his cart,
nor bruise it with his horsemen.

B’. 29 This also cometh forth from the LORD of hosts,
which is wonderful in counsel, and excellent in working.

Isaiah 52:1-12

Note: this song begins with Jerusalem invited to awaken from squalor and uncleanness, and ends with the captives leaving uncleanness behind. However, overall it looks more like an ABA’B’ pattern – A/A” specifies Jerusalem and Zion, and B/B’ is about God delivering His people from captivity through which they come to “know” His Name, and the nations see the God of Israel at` work!

A. Jerusalem to be restored to glory
1 Awake, awake; put on thy strength, O Zion;
put on thy beautiful garments, O Jerusalem, the holy city:
for henceforth there shall no more come into thee the uncircumcised and the unclean.
2 Shake thyself from the dust; arise, and sit down, O Jerusalem:
loose thyself from the bands of thy neck, O captive daughter of Zion.
3 For thus saith the LORD,
Ye have sold yourselves for nought; and ye shall be redeemed without money.

B. YHWH will deliver His people  and  vindicate His Name
4 For thus saith the Lord GOD,
My people went down afore time into Egypt to sojourn there;
and the Assyrian oppressed them without cause.
5 Now therefore, what have I here, saith the LORD,
that my people is taken away for nought?
they that rule over them make them to howl, saith the LORD;
and my name continually every day is blasphemed. 
6 Therefore my people shall know my name:
therefore they shall know in that day
that I am he that doth speak:
behold, it is I.

A’. Good news forJerusalem – the captives are returning
7 How beautiful upon the mountains are the feet of him that bringeth good tidings, that publisheth peace;
that bringeth good tidings of good, that publisheth salvation;
that saith unto Zion, Thy God reigneth!
8 Thy watchmen shall lift up the voice;
with the voice together shall they sing:
for they shall see eye to eye, when the LORD shall bring again Zion.
9 Break forth into joy, sing together, ye waste places of Jerusalem:
for the LORD hath comforted his people,
he hath redeemed Jerusalem.

B’. YHWH leads the captives home and all nations see
10 The LORD hath made bare his holy arm
in the eyes of all the nations;
and all the ends of the earth
shall see the salvation of our God.
11 Depart ye, depart ye, go ye out from thence,
touch no unclean thing;
go ye out of the midst of her;
be ye clean, that bear the vessels of the LORD.
12 For ye shall not go out with haste, nor go by flight:
for the LORD will go before you;
and the God of Israel will be your rereward.