A (6, 7) Whereupon are the foundations thereof fastened? or who laid the corner stone thereof; When THE MORNING stars sang together, and all the sons of God shouted for joy?
B (8) Or who shut up the sea with DOORS, when it brake forth, as if it had issued out of the womb?
C (9) When I MADE <07760> the cloud the garment thereof, and thick darkness a swaddlingband for it,
D (10) and brake up for it my decreed place,
C′ (10) and SET <07760> bars
B′ (10, 11) and DOORS, And said, Hitherto shalt thou come, but no further: and here shall thy proud waves be stayed?
A′ (12) Hast thou commanded THE MORNING since thy days; and caused the dayspring to know his place;
A (8) Remember the SABBATH day, to keep it holy.
B (9) SIX days shalt thou labour,
C (9) and do all thy WORK:
D (10) But the seventh day is the sabbath of Yahweh thy God:
C′ (10) in it thou shalt not do any WORK, thou, nor thy son, nor thy daughter, thy manservant, nor thy maidservant, nor thy cattle, nor thy stranger that is within thy gates:
B′ (11) For in SIX days Yahweh made heaven and earth, the sea, and all that in them is, and rested the seventh day:
A′ (11) wherefore Yahweh blessed the SABBATH day, and hallowed it.
A (33) And Moses went out of the city from Pharaoh, and spread abroad his hands unto Yahweh: and THE THUNDERS
B (33) and HAIL ceased,
C (33) and THE RAIN was not poured upon the earth.
D (34) And when Pharaoh saw
C′ (34) that THE RAIN
B′ (34) and THE HAIL
A′ (34) and THE THUNDERS were ceased, he sinned yet more, and hardened his heart, he and his servants.
A (18) Being then MADE FREE from sin,
B (18) ye BECAME THE SERVANTS of righteousness.
C (19) I speak after the manner of men because of the infirmity of your flesh: for as ye have yielded your members servants to uncleanness and to iniquity unto iniquity; even so now yield your members servants to righteousness unto holiness.
B′ (20) For when ye were THE SERVANTS of sin,
A′ (20) ye were FREE from righteousness.
A (7) And there was war IN HEAVEN:
B (7) Michael and HIS ANGELS
C (7) FOUGHT
D (7) against THE DRAGON;
D′ (7) and THE DRAGON
C′ (7) FOUGHT
B′ (7) and HIS ANGELS,
A′ (8) And prevailed not; neither was their place found any more IN HEAVEN.
A. And these are the generations OF ISAAC,
B. ABRAHAM’S son:
B′. ABRAHAM begat
The above is a simpler example of a `genealogical chiasm’.
A (17) And he brought the family OF JUDAH;
B (17) and he took the family OF THE ZARHITES: and he brought the family OF THE ZARHITES man by man;
C (17,18) and ZABDI was taken: And he brought his household man by man;
D (18) and Achan, the son of Carmi,
C′ (18) the son OF ZABDI,
B′ (18) the son OF ZERAH,
A′ (18) of the tribe OF JUDAH, was taken.
The first half of the chiasm is the order over time in which children were born. The second half goes backwards through time to identify the person according to his ancestors. This type of `genealogical chiasm’ is also seen in Matthew 1:1-16.
A. But THE CHILDREN OF ISRAEL committed a trespass
B. in THE ACCURSED THING:
C. for took Achan, the son of Carmi, the son of Zabdi, the son of Zerah, of the tribe of Judah,
B′. of THE ACCURSED THING:
A′. and the anger of Yahweh was kindled against THE CHILDREN OF ISRAEL.
Note “took” comes before “Achan” in the Hebrew and I have placed it there above. Also, “commited” is actually the first word in this sentence in the Hebrew although I have left it as per the KJV. This chiasm emphasizes the identity of Achan, which anticipates the inexorable identifying of him later on in the chapter where Achan is at the centre of another chiasm (vv. 17,18).
A (9) And I, behold, I ESTABLISH MY COVENANT with you, and with your seed after you;
B (10) And with every living creature that is with you, of the fowl, of the cattle, and of every BEAST OF THE EARTH with you;
C (10) from all that go out of the ark,
B′ (10) to every BEAST OF THE EARTH.
A′ (11) And I WILL ESTABLISH MY COVENANT with you; neither shall all flesh be cut off any more by the waters of a flood; neither shall there any more be a flood to destroy the earth.