19:1 The burden of Egypt.
A. Egypt will be defeated by the LORD
Behold, the LORD rideth upon a swift cloud, and shall come into Egypt: and the idols of Egypt shall be moved at his presence, and the heart of Egypt shall melt in the midst of it.
B. Political collapse
2 And I will set the Egyptians against the Egyptians:
and they shall fight every one against his brother,
and every one against his neighbour;
city against city, and kingdom against kingdom.
3 And the spirit of Egypt shall fail in the midst thereof;
and I will destroy the counsel thereof,
and they shall seek to the idols, and to the charmers,
and to them that have familiar spirits, and to the wizards.
4 And the Egyptians will I give over into the hand of a cruel lord;
and a fierce king shall rule over them,
saith the Lord, the LORD of hosts.
C. Economic collapse – the failure of the Nile
5 And the waters shall fail from the sea,
and the river shall be wasted and dried up.
6 And they shall turn the rivers far away;
and the brooks of defence shall be emptied and dried up:
the reeds and flags shall wither.
7 The paper reeds by the brooks,
by the mouth of the brooks,
and every thing sown by the brooks,
shall wither, be driven away, and be no more.
8 The fishers also shall mourn,
and all they that cast angle into the brooks shall lament,
and they that spread nets upon the waters shall languish.
9 Moreover they that work in fine flax,
and they that weave networks, shall be confounded.
10 And they shall be broken in the purposes thereof,
all that make sluices and ponds for fish.
B’. Political collapse
11 Surely the princes of Zoan are fools,
the counsel of the wise counsellors of Pharaoh is become brutish:
how say ye unto Pharaoh,
I am the son of the wise, the son of ancient kings?
12 Where are they? where are thy wise men?
and let them tell thee now,and let them know what the LORD of hosts hath purposed upon Egypt.
13 The princes of Zoan are become fools,
the princes of Noph are deceived;
they have also seduced Egypt,
even they that are the stay of the tribes thereof.
A’. Egypt will be defeated by the LORD
The LORD hath mingled a perverse spirit in the midst thereof:
and they have caused Egypt to err in every work thereof,
as a drunken man staggereth in his vomit.
Neither shall there be any work for Egypt,
which the head or tail, branch or rush, may do.
A. Egypt in fear and awe of YHWH
16 In that day shall Egypt be like unto women:
and it shall be afraid and fear because of the shaking of the hand of the LORD of hosts, which he shaketh over it.
17 And the land of Judah shall be a terror unto Egypt,
every one that maketh mention thereof shall be afraid in himself, because of the counsel of the LORD of hosts,
which he hath determined against it.
B. Egypt cities swear to YHWH
18 In that day there will be five cities in the land of Egypt that speak the language of Canaan and swear allegiance to the LORD of hosts. One of these will be called the City of Destruction.
C. Egypt healed by YHWH
a. 19 In that day shall there be an altar to the LORD in the midst of the land of Egypt, and a pillar at the border thereof to the LORD. 20 And it shall be for a sign and for a witness unto the LORD of hosts in the land of Egypt: for they shall cry unto the LORD because of the oppressors, and he shall send them a saviour, and a great one, and he shall deliver them.
b. 21 And the LORD shall be known to Egypt,
and the Egyptians shall know the LORD in that day,
and shall do sacrifice and oblation;
yea, they shall vow a vow unto the LORD, and perform it.
a’. 22 And the LORD shall smite Egypt:
he shall smite and heal it:
and they shall return even to the LORD,
and he shall be intreated of them,and shall heal them.
B’. Egypt has highway to Assyria
23 In that day shall there be a highway out of Egypt to Assyria,
and the Assyrian shall come into Egypt,
and the Egyptian into Assyria,
and the Egyptians shall serve with the Assyrians.
A’. Egypt become the people of YHWH
24 In that day shall Israel be the third with Egypt and with Assyria, even a blessing in the midst of the land:
25 Whom the LORD of hosts shall bless, saying,
Blessed be Egypt my people,
and Assyria the work of my hands,
and Israel mine inheritance.