In Exodus 28 the High Priest’s breastplate was decorated with twelve jewels each one representing one of the twelve tribes of Israel. The stones were arranged in four rows of three as follows:
- sardius, a topaz, and a carbuncle
- emerald, a sapphire, and a diamond.
- ligure, an agate, and an amethyst.
- beryl, and an onyx, and a jasper:
In Ezekiel 28 the king of Tyre is reproved for mimicking the elements of the true Tabernacle/Temple and claiming divine status. As part of this, verse 13 says
“… every precious stone was thy covering,
the sardius, topaz, and the diamond,
the beryl, the onyx, and the jasper,
the sapphire, the emerald, and the carbuncle,
Note the missing row – row 3. The order of specific stones is almost the same in rows 1,2 and 4 although carbuncle and diamond swap positions. The similarities are too much for coincidence, so what is the significance of the missing row?