Note: the parable of the supper invitation has three categories – those bidden (?Israel), the poor and disabled (?sinners) and homeless (?Gentiles). The three excuses for not accepting are similar to the three reasons why an I Israelite man was excused warfare in the Law (Deut 20:5-7) and are clearly misapplied to a supper invitation!
A. 15 And when one of them that sat at meat with him heard these things, he said unto him, Blessed is he that shall eat bread in the kingdom of God.
B1. 16 Then said he unto him, A certain man made a great supper, bade many:
C1. 17 And sent his servant at supper time to say to them that were bidden, Come; for all things are now ready.
D1. 18 And they all with one consent began to make excuse.
i. The first said unto him, I have bought a piece of ground, and I must needs go and see it: I pray thee have me excused.
ii. 19 And another said, I have bought five yoke of oxen, and I go to prove them: I pray thee have me excused.
iii. 20 And another said, I have married a wife, and therefore I cannot come.
C1′. 21 So that servant came, and shewed his lord these things.
B2. Then the master of the house being angry said to his servant, Go out quickly into the streets and lanes of the city, and bring in hither the poor, and the maimed, and the halt, and the blind.
C2. 22 And the servant said, Lord, it is done as thou hast commanded, and yet there is room.
B3. 23 And the lord said unto the servant, Go out into the highways and hedges, and compel them to come in, that my house may be filled.
A’. 24 For I say unto you, That none of those men which were bidden shall taste of my supper.
One thought on “Luke 14:15-24”
beautiful that comparison with Deuteronomy 20, it proves that those apologies came from the circle of Pharisees who are well known of the Torah.