Note: this Psalm is unique – the first section is the most moving and amazing perspective of Christ as he hangs on the cross. The pattern is of a cry for help followed by the observations of what the Lord can see and hear from the cross, with an ABA’B’A” pattern . The third cycle is interrupted by resurrection! There follows a prophecy of the Gospel being preached and the Kingdom of God established.
A. Cry from the cross
1 My God, my God,
why hast thou forsaken me?
why art thou so far from helping (yesua) me,
and from the words of my roaring?
2 O my God,
I cry in the daytime, but thou hearest not;
and in the night season, and am not silent.
3 But thou art holy,
O thou that inhabitest the praises of Israel.
4 Our fathers trusted in thee:
they trusted, and thou didst deliver them.
5 They cried unto thee, and were delivered:
they trusted in thee, and were not confounded.
B. the Lord looks down and sees and hears enemies gloating
6 But I am a worm, and no man;
a reproach of men, and despised of the people.
7 All they that see me laugh me to scorn:
they shoot out the lip, they shake the head, saying,
8 He trusted on the LORD that he would deliver him:
let him deliver him, seeing he delighted in him.
A’. Cry from the cross
9 But thou art he that took me out of the womb:
thou didst make me hope when I was upon my mother’s breasts.
10 I was cast upon thee from the womb:
thou art my God from my mother’s belly.
11 Be not far from me;
for trouble is near;
for there is none to help (azar).
B’. The Lord looks down and sees … enemies gloating
12 Many bulls have compassed me:
strong bulls of Bashan have beset me round.
13 They gaped upon me with their mouths,
as a ravening and a roaring lion
… his own body hanging on the cross
14 I am poured out like water,
and all my bones are out of joint:
my heart is like wax;
it is melted in the midst of my bowels.
15 My strength is dried up like a potsherd;
and my tongue cleaveth to my jaws;
and thou hast brought me into the dust of death.
… soldiers and priests encircle him
16 For dogs have compassed me:
the assembly of the wicked have inclosed me:
. … his naked body broken and twisted
they pierced my hands and my feet.
17 I may tell all my bones:
they look and stare upon me.
18 They part my garments among them,
and cast lots upon my vesture.
A”. Cry from the cross
19 But be not thou far from me, O LORD:
O my strength, haste thee to help (ezra) me.
20 Deliver my soul from the sword;
my darling from the power of the dog.
21 Save me from the lion’s mouth:
for thou hast heard me from the horns of the unicorns.
2A. Proclamation of the Gospel
a. 22 I will declare thy name unto my brethren:
in the midst of the congregation will I praise thee.
23 Ye that fear the LORD, praise him;
all ye the seed of Jacob, glorify him;
and fear him, all ye the seed of Israel.
b. (24) For he hath not despised
nor abhorred the affliction of the afflicted;
b’. neither hath he hid his face from him;
but when he cried unto him, he heard.
a’. 25 My praise shall be of thee in the great congregation:
I will pay my vows before them that fear him.
26 The meek shall eat and be satisfied:
they shall praise the LORD that seek him:
your heart shall live for ever.
2B. Fulfilment of the Gospel
a. 27 All the ends of the world shall remember and turn unto the LORD:
and all the kindreds of the nations shall worship before thee.
b. 28 For the kingdom is the LORD’S:
and he is the governor among the nations.
a’. (29) All they that be fat upon earth shall eat and worship:
all they that go down to the dust shall bow before him:
and none can keep alive his own soul.
2A’. Proclamation of the Gospel
30 A seed shall serve him;
it shall be accounted to the Lord for a generation.
31 They shall come, and shall declare his righteousness
unto a people that shall be born, that he hath done this.