Psalm 58*

{To the chief Musician, Altaschith, Michtam of David.}

A. The judges are challenged to speak righteously – 1 Do ye indeed speak righteousness, O congregation? do ye judge uprightly, O ye sons of men? 2 Yea, in heart ye work wickedness; ye weigh the violence of your hands in the earth.

B. the wicked  judges are revealed to be “serpents” – 3 The wicked are estranged from the womb: they go astray as soon as they be born, speaking lies. 4 Their poison is like the poison of a serpent: they are like the deaf adder that stoppeth her ear; 5 Which will not hearken to the voice of charmers, charming never so wisely.

B’. Appeal for the wicked who are like lions to be judged –  6 Break their teeth, O God, in their mouth: break out the great teeth of the young lions, O LORD. 7 Let them melt away as waters which run continually: when he bendeth his bow to shoot his arrows, let them be as cut in pieces. 8 As a snail which melteth, let every one of them pass away: like the untimely birth of a woman, that they may not see the sun. 9 Before your pots can feel the thorns, he shall take them away as with a whirlwind, both living, and in his wrath.

A’. The righteous vindicated when God judges – 10 The righteous shall rejoice when he seeth the vengeance: he shall wash his feet in the blood of the wicked. 11 So that a man shall say, Verily there is a reward for the righteous: verily he is a God that judgeth in the earth.

One thought on “Psalm 58*”

  1. Lund points out that v6 is a chiasm in the Hebrew syntax. He makes this the centre of an
    A (v1)
    B (v2)
    C (v3)
    D (vv4,5)
    E (v6)

    structure for the Psalm.

    v6 God
    Break (haras)
    their teeth in their mouth
    the fangs of the young lions
    Break out (natas)

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