2 Samuel 21-24

First recognising that the sections of 2 Samuel  21-24 are arranged chiastically  is attributed to Karle Budde in 1902.

A: Israel suffer famine because Saul has killed the Gibeonites – Saul’s sons executed (21:1-14)
B: David’s mighty men kill Goliath’s sons (21:15-22)
C:  David’s song of deliverance from his enemies (22:1-51)
C’: David’s last words as the sweet psalmist of Israel (23:1-7)
B’: David’s mighty men and their deeds (23:8-38)
A’: Israel suffer pestilence because David numbered the people (24:1-25)


One thought on “2 Samuel 21-24”

  1. Joyce Baldwin has the following in her commentary:

    The six episodes here form a concentric pattern (A, B, C, C1, B1, A1) with poems written by the king at the centre, on either side an account of great warriors who served the king, and at the beginning and end natural disasters which struck during David’s reign.

    In a skilful way, these chapters summarize what has gone before, yet without mere repetition. At a deeper level, they present Israel’s greatest king as a man who both inherited problems from his predecessor and created them himself (A, A1); who fought and achieved his victories with the help of many others who are celebrated here (B, B1), and whose joy and strength was his God, whom he praised with total abandon because everything he was and everything he had achieved was to be attributed to the faithful Lord God of Israel (C, C1).

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