Leviticus 23:9-22

A. 9 And the LORD spake unto Moses, saying, 10 Speak unto the children of Israel, and say unto them, When ye be come into the land which I give unto you, and shall reap the harvest thereof,

B. then ye shall bring a sheaf of the firstfruits of your harvest unto the priest:11 And he shall wave the sheaf before the LORD, to be accepted for you:on the morrow after the sabbath the priest shall wave it. 12 And ye shall offer that day when ye wave the sheaf an he lamb without blemish of the first year for a burnt offering unto the LORD. 13 And the meat offering thereof shall be two tenth deals of fine flour mingled with oil, an offering made by fire unto the LORD for a sweet savour:and the drink offering thereof shall be of wine, the fourth part of an hin. 14 And ye shall eat neither bread, nor parched corn, nor green ears, until the selfsame day that ye have brought an offering unto your God: it shall be a statute for ever throughout your generations in all your dwellings.

C. 15 And ye shall count unto you from the morrow after the SABBATH, from the day that ye brought the sheaf of the wave offering;

D. seven SABBATHs shall be complete:

C’. 16 Even unto the morrow after the seventh SABBATH shall ye number fifty days; and ye shall offer a new meat offering unto the LORD.

B’. 17 Ye shall bring out of your habitations two wave loaves of two tenth deals:they shall be of fine flour; they shall be baken with leaven; they are the firstfruits unto the LORD. 18 And ye shall offer with the bread seven lambs without blemish of the first year, and one young bullock, and two rams:they shall be for a burnt offering unto the LORD, with their meat offering, and their drink offerings, even an offering made by fire, of sweet savour unto the LORD.19 Then ye shall sacrifice one kid of the goats for a sin offering, and two lambs of the first year for a sacrifice of peace offerings.20 And the priest shall wave them with the bread of the firstfruits for a wave offering before the LORD, with the two lambs: they shall be holy to the LORD for the priest. 21 And ye shall proclaim on the selfsame day, that it may be an holy convocation unto you: ye shall do no servile WORK therein: it shall be a statute for ever in all your dwellings throughout your generations.

A’. 22 And when ye reap the harvest of your land, thou shalt not make clean riddance of the corners of thy field when thou reapest, neither shalt thou gather any gleaning of thy harvest: thou shalt leave them unto the poor, and to the stranger:I am the LORD your God.

Note: this whole section is introduced with “And the LORD spake unto Moses” and implies that the two firstfruit wave offerings (one of barley and the other of wheat) were to be linked together in our minds by seven sabbaths. This was the period Christ showed himself alive, and links the Christ’s sacrifice  to the  harvest of his disciples beginning in Acts 2 at Pentecost.  The first wave offering, symbolic of the resurrection of Christ is similarly linked to the resurrection of the disciples at the beginning of the Kingdom age, as in 1 Corinthians 15:20-23 . Notice also the apparently stray reference in verse 22 to allow gleaning fits into a symmetrical arrangement and typically teaches that Israel must remember to practice God’s love otherwise worship is  hollow.  Meaning also typically indicated that Gentiles can access the hope of Israel (e.g. Ruth). 

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