1 Samuel 17:48-51

Here is another chiasm in 1 Samuel 17, but centred in 1 Samuel 17:49 (which forms the end of the chiasm found by RS in 1 Samuel 17:40-50). This chiasm shows the importance of the stone, comparable with the stone in Nebuchadnezzar’s dream.

A (48) And it came to pass, when the Philistine arose, and came and drew nigh to meet David, that David hasted, and RAN toward the army to meet the Philistine.

B (49) And David put HIS HAND in his bag,

C (49) and took thence A STONE,

D (49) and SLANG it,

E (49) and smote the Philistine IN HIS FOREHEAD,

F (49) that the stone sunk

E’ (49) INTO HIS FOREHEAD; and he fell upon his face to the earth.

D’ (50) So David prevailed over the Philistine with A SLING

C’ (50) and with A STONE, and smote the Philistine, and slew him;

B’ (50) but there was no sword IN THE HAND of David.

A’ (51) Therefore David RAN, and stood upon the Philistine, and took his sword, and drew it out of the sheath thereof, and slew him, and cut off his head therewith. And when the Philistines saw their champion was dead, they fled.

2 thoughts on “1 Samuel 17:48-51”

  1. Thanks Nigel. As the number of chiasms builds up we are seeing more overlapping patterns. It would be good to learn more about how these overlaps work together. For example, some say that chiasmus is a rhetorical device for oral communication, but overlapping patterns would seem to me to be only discernable from text.

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