Psalm 51

A. (1) Have mercy upon me, O God,
according to thy lovingkindness:
according unto the multitude of thy tender mercies
blot out my transgressions.

B. (2a) Wash me throughly from mine iniquity,
(2b) and cleanse me from my sin.

C. (3) For I acknowledge my transgressions:
(3b) and my sin is ever before me.
(4) Against thee, thee only, have I sinned,
and done this evil in thy sight:

D. that thou mightest be justified when thou speakest,
and be clear when thou judgest.

C’. (5) Behold, I was shapen in iniquity;
and in sin did my mother conceive me.
( 6) Behold, thou desirest truth in the inward parts:
and in the hidden part thou shalt make me to know wisdom.

B’. (7) Purge me with hyssop, and I shall be clean:
wash me, and I shall be whiter than snow.

A’. (8-9) Make me to hear joy and gladness;
that the bones which thou hast broken may rejoice.
Hide thy face from my sins,
and blot out all mine iniquities.


A.(8) Make me to hear joy and gladness;
that the bones which thou hast broken may rejoice.

B. (9) Hide thy face from my sins,
and blot out all mine iniquities.

C. (10) Create in me a clean heart, O God;

C’. and renew a right spirit within me.

B’. (11) Cast me not away from thy presence;
and take not thy holy spirit from me.

A’. (12) Restore unto me the joy of thy salvation;
and uphold me with thy free spirit.

A. (13) Then will I teach transgressors thy ways;
and sinners shall be converted unto thee.

B. (14) Deliver me from bloodguiltiness, O God,

B’. thou God of my salvation:

A’. and my tongue shall sing aloud of thy righteousness.
(15) O Lord, open thou my lips;
and my mouth shall shew forth thy praise.

A. (16) For thou desirest not sacrifice; else would I give it:

B. thou delightest not in burnt offering.

C. (17) The sacrifices of God are a broken spirit:
a broken and a contrite heart, O God, thou wilt not despise.

D. (18) Do good in thy good pleasure unto Zion:

D’ . build thou the walls of Jerusalem.

C’. (19) Then shalt thou be pleased with the sacrifices of righteousness,

B’. with burnt offering and whole burnt offering:

A’. then shall they offer bullocks upon thine altar.

One thought on “Psalm 51”

  1. Note: Wendland suggests the following overall pattern in https://www.academia.edu/36065502/An_Exegetical_Overview_of_Psalm_51_A_Prayer_for_Forgiveness.

    A. Prologue—Appeal for God’s mercy in individual forgiveness (vv. 1-2)
    B. Personal confession of sinfulness (3-6)
    C. Prayer for forgiveness and renewed joy (7-9)
    C’ Prayer for purity and renewed joy (10-12)
    B’ Personal profession of consecration (13-17)
    A’ Epilogue—Appeal for God’s communal blessing upon Zion (18-19)

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