Tag Archives: Romans

Romans 9:6-9

A.(6) Not as though the word of God hath taken none effect.

B. For they are not all Israel, which are of Israel: (7) Neither, because they are the seed of Abraham, are they all children:

C. but, In Isaac shall thy seed be called. 

B’.(8) That is, They which are the children of the flesh, these are not the children of God:  but the children of the promise are counted for the seed.

A’.(9) For this is the word of promise, At this time will I come, and Sara shall have a son.

Romans 14:10-13

RS

A.(10) But why dost thou judge thy brother? or why dost thou set at nought thy brother?

B. for we shall all stand before the judgment seat of Christ.

C.(11) For it is written, As I live, saith the Lord, every knee shall bow to me, and every tongue shall confess to God.

B’.(12) So then every one of us shall give account of himself to God.

A.(13) Let us not therefore judge one another any more: but judge this rather, that no man put a stumblingblock or an occasion to fall in his brother’s way.

ROMANS 15:22-29

A.  22 For which cause also I have been much hindered from coming to you. 23 But now having no more place in these parts, and having a great desire these many years to come unto you; 24  Whensoever I take my journey INTO SPAIN, I will come to you: for I trust to see you in my journey, and to be brought on my way thitherward by you, if first I be somewhat filled with your company.

B. 25  But now I go unto JERUSALEM

C.  to minister unto THE SAINTS.

D. 26 For it hath pleased them of Macedonia and Achaia to make a certain contribution

C′. for the poor SAINTS

B′. which are at JERUSALEM.

A′. 27  It hath pleased them verily; and their debtors they are. For if the Gentiles have been made partakers of their spiritual things, their duty is also to minister unto them in carnal things. 28 When therefore I have performed this, and have sealed to them this fruit, I will come  by you INTO SPAIN. 29 And I am sure that, when I come unto you, I shall come in the fulness of the blessing of the gospel of Christ.

Romans 11:1-36

A. 1 I say then, Hath God cast away his people?

B. God forbid. For I also am an Israelite, of the seed of Abraham, of the tribe of Benjamin.

A’. 2 God hath not cast away his people which he foreknew.

2A. Wot ye not what the scripture saith of Elias? how he maketh intercession to God against Israel, saying,

2B. 3 Lord, they have killed thy prophets, and digged down thine altars; and I am left alone, and they seek my life.

2A’. 4 But what saith the answer of God unto him?

2B’. I have reserved to myself seven thousand men, who have not bowed the knee to the image of Baal.

3A. (5) Even so then at this present time also there is a remnant according to the election of grace. (6) And if by grace, then is it no more of works: otherwise grace is no more grace. But if it be of works, then is it no more grace: otherwise work is no more work.

3B.(7) What then? Israel hath not obtained that which he seeketh for; but the election hath obtained it, and the rest were blinded
(8) (According as it is written, God hath given them the spirit of slumber, eyes that they should not see, and ears that they should not hear;) unto this day. (9) And David saith, Let their table be made a snare, and a trap, and a stumblingblock, and a recompence unto them: (10) Let their eyes be darkened, that they may not see, and bow down their back alway. (11) I say then, Have they stumbled that they should fall? God forbid: but rather through their fall salvation is come unto the Gentiles, for to provoke them to jealousy. (12) Now if the fall of them be the riches of the world, and the diminishing of them the riches of the Gentiles; how much more their fulness?

3C.(13) For I speak to you Gentiles, inasmuch as I am the apostle of the Gentiles, I magnify mine office: (14) If by any means I may provoke to emulation them which are my flesh, and might save some of them. (15) For if the casting away of them be the reconciling of the world, what shall the receiving of them be, but life from the dead? (16) For if the firstfruit be holy, the lump is also holy: and if the root be holy, so are the branches.(17) And if some of the branches be broken off, and thou, being a wild olive tree, wert graffed in among them, and with them partakest of the root and fatness of the olive tree; (18) Boast not against the branches. But if thou boast, thou bearest not the root, but the root thee.

3D.(19) Thou wilt say then, The branches were broken off, that I might be graffed in.

3E.(20) Well; because of unbelief they were broken off, and thou standest by faith. Be not highminded, but fear:

3F.(21) For if God spared not the natural branches, take heed lest he also spare not thee.

3G.(22) Behold therefore the goodness and severity of God: on them which fell, severity; but toward thee, goodness, if thou continue in his goodness:

3F’. otherwise thou also shalt be cut off.

3E’.(23) And they also, if they abide not still in unbelief,

3D’. shall be graffed in: for God is able to graff them in again.

3C’.(24) For if thou wert cut out of the olive tree which is wild by nature, and wert graffed contrary to nature into a good olive tree: how much more shall these, which be the natural branches, be graffed into their own olive tree?

3B’.(25) For I would not, brethren, that ye should be ignorant of this mystery, lest ye should be wise in your own conceits; that blindness in part is happened to Israel, until the fulness of the Gentiles be come in. (26) And so all Israel shall be saved: as it is written, There shall come out of Sion the Deliverer, and shall turn away ungodliness from Jacob: (27) For this is my covenant unto them, when I shall take away their sins.(28) As concerning the gospel, they are enemies for your sakes: but as touching the election, they are beloved for the fathers’ sakes.

3A’.(29) For the gifts and calling of God are without repentance. 30For as ye in times past have not believed God, yet have now obtained mercy through their unbelief: (31) Even so have these also now not believed, that through your mercy they also may obtain mercy. (32) For God hath concluded them all in unbelief, that he might have mercy upon all.

4A. 33 O the depth of the riches both of the wisdom and knowledge of God! how unsearchable are his judgments, and his ways past finding out!

4B. 34 For who hath known the mind of the Lord? or who hath been his counsellor?

4B’. 35 Or who hath first given to him, and it shall be recompensed unto him again?

4A’. 36 For of him, and through him, and to him, are all things: to whom be glory for ever. Amen.

Romans 6:15-23

A.(15) What then? shall we sin, because we are not under the law, but under grace? God forbid.

a. (16) Know ye not, that to whom ye yield yourselves servants to obey, his servants ye are to whom ye obey; whether of sin unto death,

b. or of obedience unto righteousness?

a’. (17) But God be thanked, that ye were the servants of sin,

b’. but ye have obeyed from the heart that form of doctrine which was delivered you.

B.(18) Being then made free from sin, ye became the servants of righteousness. (19) I speak after the manner of men because of the infirmity of your flesh:

C. for as ye have yielded your members servants to uncleanness and to iniquity unto iniquity;

D. even so now yield your members servants to righteousness unto holiness.

C’.(20) For when ye were the servants of sin, ye were free from righteousness. (21) What fruit had ye then in those things whereof ye are now ashamed? for the end of those things is death.

B’. (22) But now being made free from sin, and become servants to God, ye have your fruit unto holiness, and the end everlasting life.

A’ .(23) For the wages of sin is death; but the gift of God is eternal life through Jesus Christ our Lord.

Romans 6:1-14

(RS)

A.(1) What shall we say then? Shall we continue in sin, that grace may abound?

B.(2) God forbid. How shall we, that are dead to sin, live any longer therein?

C.(3) Know ye not, that so many of us as were baptized into Jesus Christ were baptized into his death?

D.(4) Therefore we are buried with him by baptism into death: that like as Christ was raised up from the dead by the glory of the Father,even so we also should walk in newness of life.

E.(5 )For if we have been planted together in the likeness of his death, we shall be also in the likeness of his resurrection:

F.(6) Knowing this, that our old man is crucified with him, that the body of sin might be destroyed,

G. that henceforth we should not serve sin.

F.(7) For he that is dead is freed from sin.

E’. (8) Now if we be dead with Christ, we believe that we shall also live with him:

D’.(9) Knowing that Christ being raised from the dead dieth no more; death hath no more dominion over him. (10) For in that he died, he died unto sin once: but in that he liveth, he liveth unto God.

C’.(11) Likewise reckon ye also yourselves to be dead indeed unto sin, but alive unto God through Jesus Christ our Lord.

B’.(12) Let not sin therefore reign in your mortal body, that ye should obey it in the lusts thereof. 13 Neither yield ye your members as instruments of unrighteousness unto sin: but yield yourselves unto God, as those that are alive from the dead, and your members as instruments of righteousness unto God.

A’.(14) For sin shall not have dominion over you: for ye are not under the law, but under grace.

Romans 5:1-11

Note:We have posted chiasms for the whole of Romans 4 and Romans 5:12-21 and I wonder if 5:1-11 has a broadly chiastic structure bounded by the blessing of justification by faith and reconciliation in Christ.  Verses 3-5 show step parallelism and 5:9-10 seems to be a convincing chiasm  centering on reconciliation, but it doesn’t fit neatly into the broader pattern – any thoughts? Could it be parallel with verse 4-5 – the apostle says in 8:24 that “we are saved by hope”. 

A.(1) Therefore being justified by faith, we have peace with God

B. through our Lord Jesus Christ:

C. a. (2) By whom also we have access by faith into this grace wherein we stand, and rejoice in hope of the glory of God. (3) And not only so, but we glory in tribulations also: knowing that tribulation worketh patience;

(4) And patience, experience;

and experience, hope: 

(5) And hope  maketh not ashamed; 

D. because the love of God is shed abroad in our hearts by the Holy Ghost which is given unto us.

E’(6) For when we were yet without strength, in due time Christ died for the ungodly.

D’. (7) For scarcely for a righteous man will one die:yet peradventure for a good man some would even dare to die. (8) But God commendeth his love toward us, in that, while we were yet sinners, Christ died for us.

(9) a. Much more then, being now justified by his blood,

b. we shall be saved from wrath through him.

c. (10) For if, when we were enemies, we were reconciled to God

d. by the death of his Son,

c’. much more, being reconciled,

         b’. we shall be saved

      a’ by his life.

C’.(11) And not only so, but we also joy in God

B’. through our Lord Jesus Christ,

A’. by whom we have now received the atonement (reconciliation).

Romans 1:18-32

A. 18. For the wrath of God is revealed from heaven against all ungodliness and unrighteousness of men, who hold the truth in unrighteousness;

B. 19. Because that which may be known of God is manifest in them; for God hath shewed it unto them. 20. For the invisible things of him from the creation of the world are clearly seen, being understood by the things that are made, even his eternal power and Godhead; so that they are without excuse: Because that, when they knew God, they glorified him not as God, neither were thankful; but became vain in their imaginations, and their foolish heart was darkened. 22 Professing themselves to be wise, they became fools, 23 And changed the glory of the uncorruptible God into an image made like to corruptible man, and to birds, and fourfooted beasts, and creeping things.

C. 24 Wherefore God also gave them up to uncleanness through the lusts of their own hearts, to dishonour their own bodies between themselves:

D. 25 Who changed the truth of God into a lie, and worshipped and served the creature more than the Creator, who is blessed for ever. Amen.

C’. 26 For this cause God gave them up unto vile affections: for even their women did change the natural use into that which is against nature: 27 And likewise also the men, leaving the natural use of the woman, burned in their lust one toward another; men with men working that which is unseemly, and receiving in themselves that recompence of their error which was meet.

B’. 28 And even as they did not like to retain God in their knowledge, God gave them over to a reprobate mind, to do those things which are not convenient; 29 Being filled with all unrighteousness, fornication, wickedness, covetousness, maliciousness; full of envy, murder, debate, deceit, malignity; whisperers, 30 Backbiters, haters of God, despiteful, proud, boasters, inventors of evil things, disobedient to parents, 31 Without understanding, covenantbreakers, without natural affection, implacable, unmerciful:

A’. 32 Who knowing the judgment of God, that they which commit such things are worthy of death, not only do the same, but have pleasure in them that do them.

(A summary to make clearer the proposal)

Romans 1
A. 18. For the wrath of God is revealed from heaven against all ungodliness and unrighteousness of men, who hold the truth in unrighteousness;

B. 19. Because that which may be known of God is manifest in them …

C. 24 Wherefore God also gave them up to uncleanness through the lusts of their own hearts, to dishonour their own bodies between themselves:

D. 25 Who changed the truth of God into a lie, and worshipped and served the creature more than the Creator, who is blessed for ever. Amen.

C’. 26 For this cause God gave them up unto vile affections

B’. 28 And even as they did not like to retain God in their knowledge, God gave them over to a reprobate mind …

A’. 32 Who knowing the judgment of God, that they which commit such things are worthy of death, not only do the same, but have pleasure in them that do them.

Romans 7:23-25

A.(23) But I see another law in my members,

B. warring against the law of my mind,

C. and bringing me into captivity to the law of sin which is in my members.

D.(24) O wretched man that I am!

C’.who shall deliver me from the body of this death?

D’. 25 I thank God through Jesus Christ our Lord.

B’.So then with the mind I myself serve the law of God;

A’.  but with the flesh the law of sin.

Romans 8:1-8

A.(1) ¶ There is therefore now no condemnation to them which are in Christ Jesus, who walk not after the flesh, but after the Spirit. 

B. (2) For the law of the Spirit of life in Christ Jesus hath made me free from the law of sin and death. 

  • C. (3) For what the law could not do, in that it was weak through the flesh,  God sending his own Son in the likeness of sinful flesh, and for sin, condemned sin in the flesh:

B’.(4) That the righteousness of the law might be fulfilled in us,

A’. who walk not after the flesh, but after the Spirit.

A. (5) For they that are after the flesh do mind the things of the flesh;

B. but they that are after the Spirit the things of the Spirit. 

A’. (6) For to be carnally minded is death;

B’. but to be spiritually minded is life and peace.

A.  (7) Because the carnal mind is enmity against God:

B. for it is not subject to the law of God,

B’. neither indeed can be.

A’. (8) So then they that are in the flesh cannot please God.