PSALM 1:1-2:4

A (1:1) Blessed is the man that walketh not in the counsel of the ungodly, nor standeth in the way of sinners, nor SITTETH in the seat of the scornful.

B (2,3) But his delight is in the law of Yahweh; and in his law doth HE MEDITATE <01897> day and night. And he shall be like a tree planted by the rivers of water, that bringeth forth his fruit in his season; his leaf also shall not wither; and whatsoever he doeth shall prosper.

C (4,5) THE UNGODLY are not so: but are like the chaff which the wind driveth away. Therefore THE UNGODLY shall not stand in the judgment,

D (5) nor sinners in the congregation OF THE RIGHTEOUS.

D1 (6 ) For Yahweh knoweth the way OF THE RIGHTEOUS:

C1 (6) but the way of THE UNGODLY shall perish.

B1 (2:1-3) Why do the heathen rage, and the people IMAGINE <01897> a vain thing? The kings of the earth set themselves, and the rulers take counsel together, against Yahweh, and against his anointed, saying, Let us break their bands asunder, and cast away their cords from us.

A1 (2:4) HE THAT SITTETH in the heavens shall laugh: the Lord shall have them in derision.

PSALM 2:5-12

A (5,6) Then shall he speak unto them in HIS WRATH, and vex them in his sore displeasure. Yet have I set my king upon my holy hill of Zion.

B (7) I will declare the decree: YAHWEH hath said unto me, Thou art my Son; this day have I begotten thee.

C (8) Ask of me, and I shall give thee the heathen for thine inheritance, and the uttermost parts OF THE EARTH for thy possession.

D (9) Thou shalt break them with a rod of iron; thou shalt dash them in pieces like a potter’s vessel.

C1 (10) Be wise now therefore, O ye kings: be instructed, ye judges OF THE EARTH.

B1 (11) Serve YAHWEH with fear, and rejoice with trembling.

A1 (12) Kiss the Son, lest he be angry, and ye perish from the way, when HIS WRATH is kindled but a little. Blessed are all they that put their trust in him.

PSALM 7:7-12

A (7) So shall the congregation of the people compass thee about: for their sakes therefore RETURN <07725> thou on high.

B (8) Yahweh shall judge the people: JUDGE me, O Yahweh, according to my righteousness, and according to mine integrity that is in me.

C (9) Oh let the wickedness of the wicked come to an end; but establish the just: for the righteous God trieth THE HEARTS <03826> and reins.

D (10) My defence is of God,

C1 (10) which saveth the upright in HEART <03820>.

B1 (11) God JUDGETH the righteous, and God is angry with the wicked every day.

A1 (12) If HE TURN <07725> not, he will whet his sword; he hath bent his bow, and made it ready.

PSALM 7:12-16

A (12) IF HE TURN <07725> NOT, he will whet his sword; he hath bent his bow, and made it ready.

B (13) He hath also prepared for him the instruments of death; HE ORDAINETH <06466> his arrows against the persecutors.

C (14) Behold, he travaileth with iniquity, and hath conceived mischief, and brought forth falsehood.

B1 (15) He made a pit, and digged it, and is fallen into the ditch which HE MADE <06466>.

A1 (16) His mischief SHALL RETURN <07725> upon his own head, and his violent dealing shall come down upon his own pate.

PSALM 8:1-9


B (1-3) who hast set thy glory above THE HEAVENS <08064>. Out of the mouth of babes and sucklings hast thou ordained strength because of thine enemies, that thou mightest still the enemy and the avenger. When I consider thy HEAVENS <08064>,

C (3) THE WORK of thy fingers, the moon and the stars, which thou hast ordained;

D (4,5) What is man, that thou art mindful of him? and the son of man, that thou visitest him? For thou hast made him a little lower than the angels, and hast crowned him with glory and honour.

C1 (6) Thou madest him to have dominion over THE WORKS of thy hands;

B1 (6-8) thou hast put all things under his feet: All sheep and oxen, yea, and the beasts of the field; The fowl of THE AIR <08064>, and the fish of the sea, and whatsoever passeth through the paths of the seas.


PSALM 9:4-8

A (4) For thou hast maintained my right and my cause; thou satest in the throne JUDGING <08199> RIGHT <06664>.

B (5) Thou hast rebuked the heathen, THOU HAST DESTROYED <06> the wicked, thou hast put out their name for ever and ever.

C (6) O thou enemy, destructions are come to a perpetual end: and thou hast destroyed cities;

B1 (6,7) their memorial IS PERISHED <06> with them. But Yahweh shall endure for ever:

A1 (7,8) he hath prepared his throne for judgment. And HE SHALL JUDGE < 08199> the world in RIGHTEOUSNESS <06664>, he shall minister judgment to the people in uprightness.

PSALM 10:1-5

A (1) Why standest thou afar off, O Yahweh? why hidest thou thyself IN TIMES <06256> of trouble?

B (2) The wicked in his pride doth persecute the poor: let them be taken in THE DEVICES <04209> that they have imagined.

C (3) For the wicked boasteth of his heart’s desire, and blesseth the covetous, whom Yahweh abhorreth.

B1 (4) The wicked, through the pride of his countenance, will not seek after God: God is not in all HIS THOUGHTS <04209>.

A1 (5) His ways are ALWAYS <06256> grievous; thy judgments are far above out of his sight: as for all his enemies, he puffeth at them.

PSALM 10:6-11

A (6,7) HE HATH SAID IN HIS HEART, I shall not be moved: for I shall never be in adversity. His mouth is full of cursing and deceit and fraud: under his tongue is mischief and vanity.

B (8) He sitteth in the lurking places of the villages: in the secret places doth he murder the innocent: his eyes are privily set against THE POOR <02489>.

C (9) He lieth in wait secretly as a lion in his den: he lieth in wait TO CATCH THE POOR <06041>:
C1 (9) he doth CATCH THE POOR <06041>, when he draweth him into his net.

B1 (10) He croucheth, and humbleth himself, that THE POOR <02426> <02489> <02489> may fall by his strong ones.

A1 (11) HE HATH SAID IN HIS HEART, God hath forgotten: he hideth his face; he will never see it.

PSALM 10:10-14

A (10) He croucheth, and humbleth himself, that THE POOR <02426> <02489> <02489> may fall by his strong ones.

B (11) HE HATH SAID IN HIS HEART, God hath forgotten: he hideth his face; he will never see it.

C (12) Arise, O Yahweh; O God, lift up thine hand: forget not the humble.

B1 (13) Wherefore doth the wicked contemn God? HE HATH SAID IN HIS HEART, Thou wilt not require it.

A1 (14) Thou hast seen it; for thou beholdest mischief and spite, to requite it with thy hand: THE POOR <02489> committeth himself unto thee; thou art the helper of the fatherless.

PSALM 11:1-5

A (1) In Yahweh put I my trust: how say ye TO MY SOUL, Flee as a bird to your mountain?

B (2) For, lo, THE WICKED bend their bow, they make ready their arrow upon the string, that they may privily shoot at the upright in heart.

C (3) If the foundations be destroyed, what can THE RIGHTEOUS do?

D (4) Yahweh is in his holy temple, Yahweh’s throne is in heaven: his eyes behold, his eyelids try, the children of men.

C1 (5) Yahweh trieth THE RIGHTEOUS:

B1 (5) but THE WICKED and him that loveth violence

A1 (5) HIS SOUL hateth.

PSALM 13:1-6

A (1) How long wilt thou forget me, O YAHWEH? for ever? how long wilt thou hide thy face from me?

B (2) How long shall I take counsel in my soul, having sorrow in MY HEART <03824> daily?

C (2) how long shall MINE ENEMY be exalted over me?

D (3) Consider and hear me, O Yahweh my God: lighten mine eyes, lest I sleep the sleep of death;

C1 (4) Lest MINE ENEMY say, I have prevailed against him; and those that trouble me rejoice when I am moved.

B1 (5) But I have trusted in thy mercy; MY HEART <03820> shall rejoice in thy salvation.

A1 (6) I will sing unto YAHWEH, because he hath dealt bountifully with me.

PSALM 16:8-11

A (8) I have set Yahweh always before me: because he is at MY RIGHT HAND, I shall not be moved.

B (9) Therefore my heart IS GLAD <08055>, and my glory rejoiceth: my flesh also shall rest in hope.

C (10) For thou wilt not leave my soul in hell; neither wilt thou suffer thine Holy One to see corruption.

B1 (11) Thou wilt shew me the path of life: in thy presence is fulness of JOY<08057>;

A1 (11) at THY RIGHT HAND there are pleasures for evermore.

PSALM 18:8-15

A (8) There went up a smoke OUT OF HIS NOSTRILS, and fire out of his mouth devoured: coals were kindled by it.

B (9,10) He bowed the heavens also, and came down: and darkness was under his feet. And he rode upon a cherub, and did fly: yea, he did fly upon the wings of THE WIND <07307>.

C (11) He made darkness his secret place; his pavilion round about him were dark WATERS and thick clouds of the skies.

D (12) At the brightness that was before him his thick clouds passed, HAIL STONES AND COALS OF FIRE.

E (13) Yahweh also thundered in the heavens, and the Highest gave his voice;

D1 (13,14) HAIL STONES AND COALS OF FIRE. Yea, he sent out his arrows, and scattered them; and he shot out lightnings, and discomfited them.

C1 (15) Then the channels of WATERS were seen, and the foundations of the world were discovered at thy rebuke, O Yahweh,

B1 (15) at the blast OF THE BREATH <07307>


PSALM 18:20-24



C (21) For I HAVE KEPT the ways of Yahweh, and have not wickedly departed from my God.

D (22) For all his judgments were before me, and I did not put away his statutes from me.

C1 (23) I was also upright before him, and I KEPT myself from mine iniquity.

PSALM 18:32-39

A (32) It is God THAT GIRDETH ME WITH STRENGTH, and maketh my way perfect.

B (33,34) He maketh MY FEET <07272> like hinds’ feet, and setteth me upon my high places. He teacheth my hands to war, so that a bow of steel is broken by mine arms.

C (35) Thou hast also given me the shield of thy salvation: and thy right hand hath holden me up, and thy gentleness hath made me great.

B1 (36-38) Thou hast enlarged my steps under me, that my feet <07166> did not slip. I have pursued mine enemies, and overtaken them: neither did I turn again till they were consumed. I have wounded them that they were not able to rise: they are fallen under MY FEET <07272>.

A1 (39) FOR THOU HAST GIRDED ME WITH STRENGTH unto the battle: thou hast subdued under me those that rose up against me.

PSALM 20:1-9

A (1) Yahweh hear thee in THE DAY <03117> of trouble; the name of the God of Jacob defend thee; Send thee help from the sanctuary, and strengthen thee out of Zion;

B (3) REMEMBER all thy offerings, and accept thy burnt sacrifice; Selah.

C (4) Grant thee according to thine own heart, and FULFIl all thy counsel.

D (5) We will rejoice in thy salvation, and in the name of our God we will set up our banners:

C1 (5) Yahweh FULFIL all thy petitions.

B1 (6,7) Now know I that Yahweh saveth his anointed; he will hear him from his holy heaven with the saving strength of his right hand. Some trust in chariots, and some in horses: but WE WILL REMEMBER the name of Yahweh our God. They are brought down and fallen: but we are risen, and stand upright.

A1 (9) Save, Yahweh: let the king hear us WHEN <03117> we call.

PSALM 21:1-7

A (1) THE KING shall joy in thy strength, O YAHWEH;

B (1) and IN THY SALVATION how greatly shall he rejoice!

C (2) THOU HAST GIVEN him his heart’s desire, and hast not withholden the request of his lips. Selah.

D (3) For thou preventest him with the blessings of goodness: thou settest a crown of pure gold on his head.

C1 (4) He asked life of thee, and THOU GAVEST it him, even length of days for ever and ever.

B1 (5,6) His glory is great IN THY SALVATION: honour and majesty hast thou laid upon him. For thou hast made him most blessed for ever: thou hast made him exceeding glad with thy countenance.

A1 (7) For THE KING trusteth in YAHWEH, and through the mercy of the most High he shall not be moved.

PSALM 22:27-29

A (27) All the ends of THE WORLD <0776> shall remember and turn unto Yahweh:

B (27) and all the kindreds of THE NATIONS shall worship before thee.

C (28) For the kingdom is Yahweh’s:

B1 (28) and he is the governor among THE NATIONS.

A1 (29) All they that be fat upon EARTH <0776> shall eat and worship: all they that go down to the dust shall bow before him: and none can keep alive his own soul.

PSALM 25:5-10

A (5) Lead me IN THY TRUTH, and teach me: for thou art the God of my salvation; on thee do I wait all the day.

B (6,7) Remember, O Yahweh, thy tender mercies and THY LOVINGKINDNESSES <02617>; for they have been ever of old. Remember not the sins of my youth, nor my transgressions: according to THY MERCY <02617> remember thou me for thy goodness’ sake, O Yahweh.

C (8) Good and upright is Yahweh: therefore will he teach sinners IN THE WAY.

D (9) The meek will he guide in judgment:

C1 (9) and the meek will he teach HIS WAY.

B1 (10) All the paths of Yahweh are MERCY <02617>

A1 (10) and TRUTH unto such as keep his covenant and his testimonies.

PSALM 27:3-8

A (3) Though an host should encamp against me, MY HEART shall not fear: though war should rise against me, in this will I be confident.

B (4) One thing have I desired of Yahweh, THAT WILL I SEEK after; that I may dwell in the house of Yahweh all the days of my life, to behold the beauty of Yahweh, and to enquire in his temple.

C (5) For in the time of trouble he shall hide me in his pavilion: in the secret OF HIS TABERNACLE shall he hide me;

D (5) HE SHALL SET ME UP <07311> upon a rock.

D (6) And now shall mine head BE LIFTED UP <07311> above mine enemies round about me:

C1 (6) therefore will I offer in HIS TABERNACLE sacrifices of joy; I will sing, yea, I will sing praises unto Yahweh.

B1 (7,8) Hear, O Yahweh, when I cry with my voice: have mercy also upon me, and answer me. When thou saidst, SEEK YE my face;

A1 (8) MY HEART said unto thee, Thy face, Yahweh, will I seek.

Note this psalm has “salvation” in verses 1 and 9 and it is tempting to treat this as part of the chiasm but the pattern finishes when “seek” occurs again but AFTER “heart” in verse 8.

PSALM 28:6-9

A (6) BLESSED BE Yahweh, because he hath heard the voice of my supplications.

B (7) Yahweh is MY STRENGTH and my shield;

C (7) MY HEART trusted in him,

D (7) and I am helped:

C1 (7) therefore MY HEART greatly rejoiceth; and with my song will I praise him.

B1 (8) Yahweh is THEIR STRENGTH, and he is the saving strength of his anointed.

A1 (9) Save thy people, and BLESS thine inheritance: feed them also, and lift them up for ever.

PSALM 31:1-5

A (1) In thee, O YAHWEH, do I put my trust; let me never be ashamed: deliver me in thy righteousness.

B (2) Bow down thine ear to me; deliver me speedily: BE THOU MY STRONG <04581> rock,

C (2) for an house OF DEFENCE <04686> to save me.

D (3) For thou art my rock

C1 (3) and MY FORTRESS <04686>; therefore for thy name’s sake lead me, and guide me.

B1 (4) Pull me out of the net that they have laid privily for me: FOR THOU ART MY STRENGTH <04581>.

A1 (5) Into thine hand I commit my spirit: thou hast redeemed me, O YAHWEH God of truth.

PSALM 31:6-14

A (6) I have hated them that regard lying vanities: but I TRUST in Yahweh.

B (7) I will be glad and rejoice in thy mercy: for THOU HAST CONSIDERED <07200> my trouble;

C (7,8) THOU HAST KNOWN <03045> my soul in adversities; And hast not shut me up into the hand of the enemy: thou hast set my feet in a large room.

D (9) Have mercy upon me, O Yahweh, for I AM IN TROUBLE <06887>:

E (9) mine eye IS CONSUMED <06244> with grief, yea, my soul and my belly.

F (10) For my life is spent with grief, and my years with sighing:

E1 (10) my strength faileth because of mine iniquity, and my bones ARE CONSUMED <06244>.

D1 (11) I was a reproach among all mine ENEMIES <06887>,

C1 (11) but especially among my neighbours, and a fear to mine ACQUAINTANCE <03045>:

B1 (11, 12) THEY THAT DID SEE <07200> me without fled from me. I am forgotten as a dead man out of mind: I am like a broken vessel.

A1 (13, 14) For I have heard the slander of many: fear was on every side: while they took counsel together against me, they devised to take away my life. But I TRUSTED in thee, O Yahweh: I said, Thou art my God.

PSALM 33:8-14

Version One

A (8) Let all THE EARTH fear Yahweh:

B (8) let ALL THE INHABITANTS <03427> of the world stand in awe of him.

C (9) For he spake, and it was done; he commanded, and IT STOOD FAST <05975>.

D (10) Yahweh bringeth THE COUNSEL of the heathen to nought:

E (10) he maketh the devices of the people of none effect.

D1 (11) THE COUNSEL of Yahweh

C1 (11,12) STANDETH <05975> for ever, the thoughts of his heart to all generations. Blessed is the nation whose God is Yahweh; and the people whom he hath chosen for his own inheritance.

B1 (13,14) Yahweh looketh from heaven; he beholdeth all the sons of men. From the place of HIS HABITATION <03427> he looketh upon ALL THE INHABITANTS <03427> .


Version Two

A (8) Let all THE EARTH fear Yahweh:

B (8,9) let ALL THE INHABITANTS <03427> of the world stand in awe of him. For he spake, and it was done; he commanded, and it stood fast.

C (10) Yahweh bringeth the counsel of THE HEATHEN <01471> to nought:

D (10) he maketh THE DEVICES <04284> of the people of none effect.

E (11) The counsel of Yahweh standeth for ever,

D1 (11) THE THOUGHTS <04284> of his heart to all generations.

C1 (12) Blessed is THE NATION <01471> whose God is Yahweh; and the people whom he hath chosen for his own inheritance.

B1 (13,14) Yahweh looketh from heaven; he beholdeth all the sons of men. From the place of HIS HABITATION <03427> he looketh upon ALL THE INHABITANTS <03427> .


PSALM 33:18-22

A (18) Behold, the eye of Yahweh is upon them that fear him, upon them THAT HOPE


C (19) To deliver THEIR SOUL from death,

D (19) and to keep them alive in famine.

C1 (20,21) OUR SOUL waiteth for Yahweh: he is our help and our shield. For our heart shall rejoice in him, because we have trusted in his holy name.

B1 (22) Let THY MERCY, O Yahweh, be upon us,

A1 (22) according as WE HOPE in thee.

PSALM 34:11-15

A (11) Come, ye children, hearken unto me: I will teach you the fear OF YAHWEH.

B (12) What man is he that desireth life, and loveth many days, that he may see GOOD?

C (13) Keep thy tongue from EVIL,

D (13) and thy lips from speaking guile.

C1 (14) Depart from EVIL,

B1 (14) and do GOOD; seek peace, and pursue it.

A1 (15) The eyes OF YAHWEH are upon the righteous, and his ears are open unto their cry.

PSALM 34:14-16

A (14) Depart from EVIL,

B (14) and DO good; seek peace, and pursue it.

C (15) The eyes of Yahweh are upon the righteous, and his ears are open unto their cry.

B1 (16) The face of Yahweh is against them that DO

A1 (16) EVIL, to cut off the remembrance of them from the earth.

PSALM 35:4-7

A (4) Let them be confounded and put to shame that seek after MY SOUL: let them be turned back and brought to confusion that devise my hurt.

B (5) Let them be as chaff before the wind: AND LET THE ANGEL OF YAHWEH chase them.

C (6) Let their way be dark and slippery:

B1 (6) AND LET THE ANGEL OF YAHWEH persecute them.

A1 (7) For without cause have they hid for me their net in a pit, which without cause they have digged for MY SOUL.

PSALM 35:6-9

A (6) Let their way be dark and slippery: and let the angel of YAHWEH persecute them.

B (7) For without cause HAVE THEY HID FOR ME

C (7) THEIR NET in a pit, which without cause they have digged for my soul.

D (8) Let destruction come upon him at unawares;

C1 (8) and let HIS NET

B1 (8) THAT HE HATH HID catch himself: into that very destruction let him fall.

A1 (9) And my soul shall be joyful in YAHWEH: it shall rejoice in his salvation.

PSALM 36:6-10

A (6) THY RIGHTEOUSNESS is like the great mountains; thy judgments are a great deep: O Yahweh, thou preservest man and beast.

B (7,8) How excellent is THY LOVINGKINDNESS, O God! therefore the children of men put their trust under the shadow of thy wings. They shall be abundantly satisfied with the fatness of thy house; and thou shalt make them drink of the river of thy pleasures.

C (9) For with thee is the fountain of life: IN THY LIGHT

D (9) shall we see

C1 (9) LIGHT.

B1 (10) O continue THY LOVINGKINDNESS unto them that know thee;

A1 (10) and THY RIGHTEOUSNESS to the upright in heart.

PSALM 37:12-16

A (12) THE WICKED plotteth against

B (12) THE JUST, and gnasheth upon him with his teeth.

C (13) The Lord shall laugh at him: for he seeth that his day IS COMING <0935>.

D (14) The wicked have drawn out the sword, and have bent their bow, to cast down the poor and needy, and to slay such as be of upright conversation.

C1 (15) Their sword SHALL ENTER <0935> into their own heart, and their bows shall be broken.

B1 (16) A little that A RIGHTEOUS MAN hath is better

A1 (16) than the riches of many WICKED.

PSALM 37:25-29

A (25) I have been young, and now am old; yet have I not seen THE RIGHTEOUS forsaken,

B (25, 26) nor his SEED begging bread. He is ever merciful, and lendeth; and his seed is blessed.

C (27) Depart from evil, and do good; and dwell for evermore.

B1 (28) For Yahweh loveth judgment, and forsaketh not his saints; they are preserved for ever: but THE SEED of the wicked shall be cut off.

A1 (29) THE RIGHTEOUS shall inherit the land, and dwell therein for ever.

PSALM 37:32-39

A (32) THE WICKED watcheth

B (32,33) THE RIGHTEOUS, and seeketh to slay him. Yahweh will not leave him in his hand, nor condemn him when he is judged.

C (34) Wait on Yahweh, and keep his way, and he shall exalt thee to inherit the land: when THE WICKED ARE CUT OFF, thou shalt see it.

D (35) I HAVE SEEN <07200> the wicked in great power, and spreading himself like a green bay tree.

E (36) Yet he passed away, and, lo, he was not: yea, I sought him, but he could not be found.

D1 (37) Mark the perfect man, and BEHOLD <07200> the upright: for the end of that man is peace.

C1 (38) But the transgressors shall be destroyed together: the end of THE WICKED SHALL BE CUT OFF.
B1 (39) But the salvation of THE RIGHTEOUS is of Yahweh: he is their strength in the time of trouble.
A1 (40) And Yahweh shall help them, and deliver them: he shall deliver them from THE WICKED, and save them, because they trust in him.

PSALM 38:3-7


B (3) BECAUSE of thine anger; neither is there any rest in my bones because of my sin.

C (4) For mine iniquities are gone over mine head: as an heavy burden they are too heavy for me.

B1 (5) My wounds stink and are corrupt BECAUSE of my foolishness.

A1 (6,7) I am troubled; I am bowed down greatly; I go mourning all the day long. For my loins are filled with a loathsome disease: and THERE IS NO SOUNDNESS IN MY FLESH.

PSALM 38:6-12

A (6,7) I am troubled; I am bowed down greatly; I go mourning ALL THE DAY LONG. For my loins are filled with a loathsome disease: and there is no soundness in my flesh.

B (8) I am feeble and sore broken: I have roared by reason of the disquietness of MY HEART.

C (9) Lord, all my desire is before thee; and my groaning is not hid from thee.

B1 (10) MY HEART panteth, my strength faileth me: as for the light of mine eyes, it also is gone from me.

A1 (11,12) My lovers and my friends stand aloof from my sore; and my kinsmen stand afar off. They also that seek after my life lay snares for me: and they that seek my hurt speak mischievous things, and imagine deceits ALL THE DAY LONG.

PSALM 40:5-9

A (5) MANY <07227>, O Yahweh my God, are thy wonderful works which thou hast done, and thy thoughts which are to us-ward: they cannot be reckoned up in order unto thee: if I would declare and speak of them, they are more than can be numbered.

B (6) Sacrifice and offering THOU DIDST NOT DESIRE <02654>; mine ears hast thou opened: burnt offering and sin offering hast thou not required.

C (7) Then said I, Lo, I come: in the volume of the book it is written of me,

B1 (8) I DELIGHT <02654> to do thy will, O my God: yea, thy law is within my heart.

A1 (9) I have preached righteousness in the GREAT <07227> congregation: lo, I have not refrained my lips, O Yahweh, thou knowest.

PSALM 40:10-16

A (10) I have not hid thy righteousness within my heart; I have declared thy faithfulness and THY SALVATION: I have not concealed thy lovingkindness and thy truth from the great congregation.

B (11) Withhold not thou thy tender mercies from me, O Yahweh: let thy lovingkindness and thy truth CONTINUALLY preserve me.

C (12) For innumerable EVILS have compassed me about: mine iniquities have taken hold upon me, so that I am not able to look up; they are more than the hairs of mine head: therefore my heart faileth me.

D (13) Be pleased, O Yahweh, to deliver me: O Yahweh, make haste to help me.

C1 (14) Let them be ashamed and confounded together that seek after my soul to destroy it; let them be driven backward and put to shame that wish me EVIL.

B1 (15,16) Let them be desolate for a reward of their shame that say unto me, Aha, aha. Let all those that seek thee rejoice and be glad in thee The LORD be magnified. say CONTINUALLY,

A1 (16)let such as love thy SALVATION

Note:  in Hebrew “salvation” in verse 16 comes after “continually”.

PSALM 40:13-17

A (13) Be pleased, O Yahweh, to deliver me: O Yahweh, make haste TO HELP me.

B (14) Let them be ashamed and confounded together THAT SEEK after my soul to destroy it; let them be driven backward and put to shame that wish me evil.

C (15) Let them be desolate for a reward of their shame that say unto me, Aha, aha.

B1 (16) Let all those THAT SEEK thee rejoice and be glad in thee: let such as love thy salvation say continually, Yahweh be magnified.

A1 (17) But I am poor and needy; yet the Lord thinketh upon me: thou art MY HELP and my deliverer; make no tarrying, O my God.

PSALM 41:1-5

A (1) Blessed is he that considereth the poor: Yahweh will deliver him in time OF TROUBLE <07451>.

B (2) Yahweh will preserve him, and keep him alive; and he shall be blessed upon the earth: and thou wilt not deliver him unto THE WILL <05315> of his enemies.

C (3) Yahweh will strengthen him upon the bed of languishing: thou wilt make all his bed in his sickness.

B1 (4) I said, Yahweh, be merciful unto me: heal MY SOUL <05315>; for I have sinned against thee.

A1 (5) Mine enemies speak EVIL <07451> of me, When shall he die, and his name perish?

PSALM 42:2-8

A (2) My soul thirsteth for God, for THE LIVING <02416> GOD <0410>: when shall I come and appear before God <0430>?

B (3) My tears have been my meat DAY <03119> AND NIGHT, while they continually say unto me, Where is thy God?

C (4) When I remember these things, I pour out my soul in me: for I HAD GONE with the multitude, I went with them to the house of God, with the voice of joy and praise, with a multitude that kept holyday.

D (5) Why art thou CAST DOWN, O my soul? and why art thou disquieted in me?

E (5) hope thou in God: for I shall yet praise him for the help of his countenance.

D1 (6) O my God, my soul IS CAST DOWN within me: therefore will I remember thee from the land of Jordan, and of the Hermonites, from the hill Mizar.

C1 (7) Deep calleth unto deep at the noise of thy waterspouts: all thy waves and thy billows ARE GONE over me.

B1 (8) Yet Yahweh will command his lovingkindness IN THE DAYTIME <03119>, AND IN THE NIGHT his song shall be with me,

A1 (8) and my prayer unto THE GOD <0410> OF MY LIFE <02416>.

PSALM 44:4-8

A (4) Thou art my King, O GOD: command deliverances for Jacob.

B (5) Through thee will we push down OUR ENEMIES: through thy name will we tread them under that rise up against us.

C (6) For I will not trust in my bow, neither shall my sword SAVE ME.


B1 (7) from OUR ENEMIES, and hast put them to shame that hated us.

A1 (8) IN GOD we boast all the day long, and praise thy name for ever. Selah.

PSALM 45:8-15

A (8) All thy garments smell of myrrh, and aloes, and cassia, out of the ivory PALACES, whereby they have made thee glad.

B (9) KINGS’ daughters were among thy honourable women: upon thy right hand did stand the queen in gold of Ophir.

C (10) Hearken, O daughter, and consider, and incline thine ear; forget also thine own PEOPLE, and thy father’s house;

D (11) So shall the king greatly desire thy beauty: for he is thy Lord; and worship thou him.

C1 (12) And the daughter of Tyre shall be there with a gift; even the rich among THE PEOPLE shall intreat thy favour.

B1 (13,14) THE KING’S daughter is all glorious within: her clothing is of wrought gold. She shall be brought unto THE KING in raiment of needlework: the virgins her companions that follow her shall be brought unto thee.

A1 (15) With gladness and rejoicing shall they be brought: they shall enter into the king’s PALACE.

PSALM 49:12-20

A (12,13) NEVERTHELESS MAN BEING IN HONOUR abideth not: HE IS LIKE THE BEASTS THAT PERISH. This their way is their folly: yet their posterity approve their sayings. Selah.

B (14,15) Like sheep they are laid in the grave; death shall feed on them; and the upright shall have dominion over them in the morning; and their beauty shall consume in the grave from their dwelling. But God will redeem MY SOUL from the power of the grave: for he shall receive me. Selah.

C (16) Be not thou afraid when one is made rich, when THE GLORY of his house is increased;

D (17) For when he dieth he shall carry nothing away:

C1 (17) HIS GLORY shall not descend after him.

B1(18,19) Though while he lived he blessed HIS SOUL: and men will praise thee, when thou doest well to thyself. He shall go to the generation of his fathers; they shall never see light.


PSALM 52:1-5

A (1) Why boastest thou thyself in mischief, O mighty man? the goodness OF GOD endureth continually.

B (2) THY TONGUE deviseth mischiefs; like a sharp razor, working deceitfully.

C (3) THOU LOVEST evil more than good;

D (3) and lying rather than to speak righteousness. Selah.

C1 (4) THOU LOVEST all devouring words,

B1 (4) O thou deceitful TONGUE.

A1 (5) GOD shall likewise destroy thee for ever, he shall take thee away, and pluck thee out of thy dwelling place, and root thee out of the land of the living. Selah.

PSALM 55:15-23

Version One

A (15) Let death seize upon them, and LET THEM GO DOWN quick into hell: for wickedness is in their dwellings, and among them.

B (16) As for me, I will call upon God; and YAHWEH shall save me.

C (17) Evening, and morning, and at noon, will I pray, and cry aloud: and HE SHALL HEAR my voice.

D (18) He hath delivered my soul in peace from the battle that was against me: for there were many with me.

C1 (19) God SHALL HEAR, and afflict them, even he that abideth of old. Selah.

B1 (19-22) Because they have no changes, therefore they fear not God. He hath put forth his hands against such as be at peace with him: he hath broken his covenant. The words of his mouth were smoother than butter, but war was in his heart: his words were softer than oil, yet were they drawn swords. Cast thy burden upon YAHWEH, and he shall sustain thee: he shall never suffer the righteous to be moved.

A1 (23) But thou, O God, SHALT BRING THEM DOWN into the pit of destruction: bloody and deceitful men shall not live out half their days; but I will trust in thee.

Version Two

A (15) Let death seize upon them, and LET THEM GO DOWN quick into hell: for wickedness is in their dwellings, and among them.

B (16,17) As for me, I will call upon God; and YAHWEH shall save me. Evening, and morning, and at noon, will I pray, and cry aloud: and he shall hear my voice.

C (18) He hath delivered my soul IN PEACE from the battle that was against me: for there were many with me.

D (19) God shall hear, and afflict them, even he that abideth of old. Selah.

C1 (19-21) Because they have no changes, therefore they fear not God. He hath put forth his hands against such as be AT PEACE with him: he hath broken his covenant. The words of his mouth were smoother than butter, but war was in his heart: his words were softer than oil, yet were they drawn swords.

B1 (22) Cast thy burden upon YAHWEH, and he shall sustain thee: he shall never suffer the righteous to be moved.

A1 (23) But thou, O God, SHALT BRING THEM DOWN into the pit of destruction: bloody and deceitful men shall not live out half their days; but I will trust in thee.

The close pairings of “peace” and “hear” within the framework of going “down” and “Yahweh” indicate two separate central clauses. Both versions are presumably right – they are both clearly there in the text. Another point to note is that “selah” has been treated as a boundary marker to divide the text. Is this approach right? In the English versions verse 19 has “selah” in the middle. Maybe this is a case of where the verse divisions could be better.

PSALM 56:3-5

A (3) WHAT TIME <03117>

B (3) I AM AFRAID <03372>,

C (3) I WILL TRUST in thee.

D (4) In God I will praise his word,

C1 (4) in God I HAVE PUT MY TRUST;

B1 (4) I WILL NOT FEAR <03372> what flesh can do unto me.

A1 (5) EVERY DAY <03117> they wrest my words: all their thoughts are against me for evil.

PSALM 57:5-11


B (5) above THE HEAVENS;

C (5) let THY GLORY be above all the earth.

D (6) THEY HAVE PREPARED <03559> a net for my steps; my soul is bowed down:

E (7) they have digged a pit before me, into the midst whereof they are fallen themselves. Selah.

D1 (7) My heart IS FIXED <03559>, O God, my heart IS FIXED <03559>: I will sing and give praise.

C1 (8,9) Awake up, MY GLORY; awake, psaltery and harp: I myself will awake early. I will praise thee, O Lord, among the people: I will sing unto thee among the nations.

B1 (10) For thy mercy is great unto THE HEAVENS, and thy truth unto the clouds.

A1 (11)BE THOU EXALTED, O God, above the heavens: let thy glory be above all the earth.

PSALM 59:9-16

A (9) Because of his strength will I wait upon thee: for God is MY DEFENCE.

B (10) The God of MY MERCY shall prevent me: God shall let me see my desire upon mine enemies.

C (11,12) Slay them not, lest my people forget: SCATTER <05128> them by thy power; and bring them down, O Lord our shield. For the sin of their mouth and the words of their lips let them even be taken in their pride: and for cursing and lying which they speak.


E (13) in wrath,

D (13) CONSUME THEM, that they may not be: and let them know that God ruleth in Jacob unto the ends of the earth. Selah.

C1 (14,15) And at evening let them return; and let them make a noise like a dog, and go round about the city. LET THEM WANDER UP AND DOWN <05128> for meat, and grudge if they be not satisfied.

B1 (16) But I will sing of thy power; yea, I will sing aloud OF THY MERCY in the morning:

A1 (16) for thou hast been MY DEFENCE and refuge in the day of my trouble.

PSALM 62:3-9

A (3) How long will ye imagine mischief against A MAN <0376>? ye shall be slain all of you: as a bowing wall shall ye be, and as a tottering fence.

B (4) They only consult to cast him down from his excellency: they delight IN LIES: they bless with their mouth, but they curse inwardly. Selah.

C (5) My soul, wait thou only upon GOD; for my expectation is from him.

D (6) He only is my rock and my salvation: he is my defence; I shall not be moved.

C1 (7,8) In GOD is my salvation and my glory: the rock of my strength, and my refuge, is in GOD. Trust in him at all times; ye people, pour out your heart before him: GOD is a refuge for us. Selah.

B1 (9) Surely men <0120> <01121> of low degree are vanity, […] ARE A LIE

A1 (9) and MEN <0376> of high degree […]: to be laid in the balance, they are altogether lighter than vanity.

In verse 9 “are a lie” comes before “men <0376>” in the Hebrew text.

PSALM 62:7-11

A (7) In God is my salvation and my glory: the rock of MY STRENGTH <05797>, and my refuge, is in God.

B (8) TRUST in him at all times; ye people, pour out your heart before him: God is a refuge for us. Selah.

C (9) Surely men of low degree are VANITY,

D (9) and men of high degree are a lie: to be laid in the balance,

C1 (9) they are altogether lighter than VANITY.

B1 (10) TRUST NOT in oppression, and become not vain in robbery: if riches increase, set not your heart upon them.

A1 (11) God hath spoken once; twice have I heard this; that POWER <05797> belongeth unto God.

PSALM 64:3-9

Version One:

A (3,4) Who whet their tongue like a sword, and bend their bows to shoot their arrows, even bitter words: That they may shoot in secret at the perfect: suddenly do they shoot at him, and FEAR NOT.

B (5,6) They encourage themselves in an evil matter: they commune of laying snares privily; they say, Who SHALL SEE them? They search out iniquities; they accomplish a diligent search: both the inward thought of every one of them, and the heart, is deep.

C (7) But God shall shoot at them with an arrow; suddenly shall they be wounded.

B1 (8) So they shall make their own tongue to fall upon themselves: all THAT SEE them shall flee away.

A1 (9) And all men SHALL FEAR, and shall declare the work of God; for they shall wisely consider of his doing.

Version Two:

A (3) Who whet THEIR TONGUE like a sword,

B (3) and bend their bows to shoot THEIR ARROWS, even bitter words:

C (4) THAT THEY MAY SHOOT in secret at the perfect: suddenly DO THEY SHOOT at him, and fear not.

D (5,6) They encourage themselves in an evil matter: they commune of laying snares privily; they say, Who shall see them? THEY SEARCH OUT <02664> iniquities;

D1 (6) they accomplish A DILIGENT <02664> search <02664>: both the inward thought of every one of them, and the heart, is deep.

C1 (7) But God SHALL SHOOT at them

B1 (7) with AN ARROW; suddenly shall they be wounded.

A1 (8) So they shall make THEIR OWN TONGUE to fall upon themselves: all that see them shall flee away.

PSALM 65:5-9

A (5) By terrible things in righteousness wilt thou answer us, O GOD of our salvation;

B (5) who art the confidence of all THE ENDS <07099> of the earth,

C (5) and of them that are afar off upon THE SEA:

D (6) Which by his strength setteth fast the mountains; being girded with power:

C1 (7) Which stilleth the noise of THE SEAS, the noise of their waves, and the tumult of the people.

B1 (8) They also that dwell in THE UTTERMOST PARTS <07099> are afraid at thy tokens: thou makest the outgoings of the morning and evening to rejoice.

A1 (9) Thou visitest the earth, and waterest it: thou greatly enrichest it with the river OF GOD, which is full of water: thou preparest them corn, when thou hast so provided for it.

PSALM 66:2-9

A (2) Sing forth the honour of his name: MAKE <07760>

B (2) HIS PRAISE glorious.

C (3) Say unto God, HOW TERRIBLE art thou in thy works! through the greatness of thy power shall thine enemies submit themselves unto thee.

D (4) All the earth shall worship thee, and shall sing unto thee; they shall sing to thy name. Selah.

C1 (5-7) Come and see the works of God: he is TERRIBLE in his doing toward the children of men. He turned the sea into dry land: they went through the flood on foot: there did we rejoice in him. He ruleth by his power for ever; his eyes behold the nations: let not the rebellious exalt themselves. Selah.

B1 (8) O bless our God, ye people, and make the voice of HIS PRAISE to be heard:

A1 (9) Which HOLDETH <07760> our soul in life, and suffereth not our feet to be moved.

PSALM 66:13-17

A (13, 14) I will go into thy house with burnt offerings: I will pay thee my vows, Which my lips have uttered, and MY MOUTH hath spoken, when I was in trouble.

B (15) I will offer unto thee burnt sacrifices of fatlings, with the incense of rams; I WILL OFFER <06213> bullocks with goats. Selah.

C (16) Come and hear,

B1 (16) all ye that fear God, and I will declare what HE HATH DONE <06213> for my soul.

A1 (17) I cried unto him with MY MOUTH, and he was extolled with my tongue.


Is this chiasmus as suggested here `rightly divided’? The central clause may appear to be `forced’ on the structure. Surely it should at least be “Come and hear all ye that fear God”? However, the Hebrew has “and I will declare” before “all ye that fear”. The phrase “Come and hear” is separated from the following words by “and”.

In fact there is no “and” between “Come” and “hear”. It’s a distinct appeal to `Come! Hear!’ This contrasts with the psalmist speaking in verses 14 and 17. God had “done” in response to what the psalmist had spoken and done but the emphasis in this section as indicated by the chiastic structure is on the readers hearing.

PSALM 68:7-19

A (7) O God, when thou wentest forth before thy people, when thou didst march through the wilderness; SELAH:

B (8) The earth shook, the heavens also dropped at the presence of God: even SINAI itself was moved at the presence of God, the God of Israel.

C (9) Thou, O God, didst send a plentiful rain, whereby thou didst confirm thine inheritance, when it was weary. Thy congregation HATH DWELT therein: thou, O God, hast prepared of thy goodness for the poor.

D (11,12) The Lord gave the word: great was the company of those that published it. KINGS of armies did flee apace: and she that tarried at home divided the spoil.

E (13) Though ye have lien among the pots, yet shall ye be as the wings of a dove covered with silver, and her feathers with yellow gold.

D1 (14) When the Almighty scattered KINGS in it, it was white as snow in Salmon.

C1 (15,16) The hill of God is as the hill of Bashan; an high hill as the hill of Bashan. Why leap ye, ye high hills? this is the hill which God desireth TO DWELL in; yea, Yahweh will dwell in it for ever.

B1 (17,18) The chariots of God are twenty thousand, even thousands of angels: the Lord is among them, as in SINAI, in the holy place. Thou hast ascended on high, thou hast led captivity captive: thou hast received gifts for men; yea, for the rebellious also, that Yahweh God might dwell among them.

A1 (19) Blessed be the Lord, who daily loadeth us with benefits, even the God of our salvation. SELAH.

PSALM 69:10-18

A (10-12) When I wept, and chastened MY SOUL with fasting, that was to my reproach. I made sackcloth also my garment; and I became a proverb to them. They that sit in the gate speak against me; and I was the song of the drunkards.

B (13) But as for me, my prayer is unto thee, O LORD, in an acceptable time: O God, IN THE MULTITUDE

C (13) OF THY MERCY <02617> hear me, in the truth of thy salvation.

D (14) DELIVER ME out of the mire,

E (14) and let me not sink:

D1 (14,15) LET ME BE DELIVERED from them that hate me, and out of the deep waters. Let not the waterflood overflow me, neither let the deep swallow me up, and let not the pit shut her mouth upon me.

C1 (16) Hear me, O Yahweh; FOR THY LOVINGKINDNESS <02617> is good:

B1 (16,17) turn unto me according TO THE MULTITUDE of thy tender mercies. And hide not thy face from thy servant; for I am in trouble: hear me speedily.

A1 (18) Draw nigh unto MY SOUL, and redeem it: deliver me because of mine enemies.

PSALM 69:29-35

A (29) But I am poor and sorrowful: LET THY SALVATION <03444>, O God, set me up on high.

B (30) I WILL PRAISE the name of God with a song, and will magnify him with thanksgiving.

C (31) This also shall please YAHWEH better than an ox or bullock that hath horns and hoofs.

D (32) The humble shall see this, and be glad: and your heart shall live that seek God.

C1 (33) For YAHWEH heareth the poor, and despiseth not his prisoners.

B1 (34) Let the heaven and earth PRAISE him, the seas, and every thing that moveth therein.

A1 (35) For God WILL SAVE <03467> Zion, and will build the cities of Judah: that they may dwell there, and have it in possession.

PSALM 70:1-5

A (1) Make haste, O God, to deliver me; MAKE HASTE TO HELP ME, O Yahweh.

B (2) Let them be ashamed and confounded THAT SEEK after my soul: let them be turned backward, and put to confusion, that desire my hurt.

C (3) Let them be turned back for a reward of their shame that say, Aha, aha.

B1 (4) Let all those THAT SEEK thee rejoice and be glad in thee: and let such as love thy salvation say continually, Let God be magnified.

A1 (5) But I am poor and needy: MAKE HASTE UNTO ME, O God: THOU ART MY HELP and my deliverer; O Yahweh, make no tarrying.

PSALM 71:2-4

A (2) Deliver me in thy righteousness, and CAUSE ME TO ESCAPE <06403>:

B (2) incline thine ear unto me, and SAVE ME.

C (3) Be thou my strong habitation, whereunto I may continually resort:

B1 (3) thou hast given commandment TO SAVE ME; for thou art my rock and my fortress.

A1 (4) DELIVER ME <06403>, O my God, out of the hand of the wicked, out of the hand of the unrighteous and cruel man.

PSALM 72:4-13

A (4) He shall judge the poor of the people, HE SHALL SAVE

B (4) the children OF THE NEEDY, and shall break in pieces the oppressor.

C (5) They shall fear thee as long as the sun and moon ENDURE <06440>, throughout all generations.

D (6) He shall come down like rain upon the mown grass: as showers that water THE EARTH.

E (7) In his days shall the righteous flourish; and abundance of peace so long as the moon endureth.

D1 (8) He shall have dominion also from sea to sea, and from the river unto the ends of THE EARTH.

C1 (9-11) They that dwell in the wilderness shall bow BEFORE <06440> him; and his enemies shall lick the dust. The kings of Tarshish and of the isles shall bring presents: the kings of Sheba and Seba shall offer gifts. Yea, all kings shall fall down before him: all nations shall serve him.

B1 (12,13) For he shall deliver the needy when he crieth; the poor also, and him that hath no helper. He shall spare the poor and NEEDY, … the souls OF THE NEEDY.

A1 (13) and SHALL SAVE …

Note in the Hebrew text “he shall save” comes at end of v. 13

PSALM 74:4-11

A (4) Thine enemies roar IN THE MIDST <07130> of thy congregations; they set up their ensigns for signs.

B (5) A man WAS FAMOUS <03045> according as he had lifted up axes upon the thick trees.

C (6) But now they break down the carved work thereof AT ONCE <03162> with axes and hammers.

D (7) They have cast fire into thy sanctuary, they have defiled by casting down the dwelling place of thy name to the ground.

C1 (8) They said in their hearts, Let us destroy them TOGETHER <03162>: they have burned up all the synagogues of God in the land.

B1 (9) We see not our signs: there is no more any prophet: neither is there among us any that KNOWETH <03045> how long.

A1 (10,11) O God, how long shall the adversary reproach? shall the enemy blaspheme thy name for ever? Why withdrawest thou thy hand, even thy right hand? pluck it OUT OF <07130> thy bosom.

PSALM 74:18-22

A (18) REMEMBER this, that the enemy hath reproached, O Yahweh, and that THE FOOLISH people

B (18) have blasphemed THY NAME.

C (19) O deliver not the soul of thy turtledove unto the multitude of the wicked: forget not the congregation of THY POOR for ever.

D (20) Have respect unto the covenant: for the dark places of the earth are full of the habitations of cruelty.

C1 (21) O let not the oppressed return ashamed: let THE POOR and needy

B1 (21) praise THY NAME.

A1 (22) Arise, O God, plead thine own cause: REMEMBER HOW THE FOOLISH MAN reproacheth thee daily.

PSALM 76:6-9

A (6) At thy rebuke, O GOD of Jacob, both the chariot and horse are cast into a dead sleep.

B (7) Thou, even thou, ART TO BE FEARED: and who may stand in thy sight when once thou art angry?

C (8) Thou didst cause judgment to be heard from heaven;

B1 (8) the earth FEARED, and was still,

A1 (9) When GOD arose to judgment, to save all the meek of the earth. Selah.

PSALM 77:3-13

A (3) I remembered GOD <0430>, and was troubled:

B (3) I COMPLAINED <07878>, and my spirit was overwhelmed. Selah.

C (4,5) Thou holdest mine eyes waking: I am so troubled that I cannot speak. I have considered the days OF OLD,


E (5) OF ANCIENT TIMES <05769>.

F (6) I call to remembrance my song in the night: I commune with mine own heart: and my spirit made diligent search.

E1 (7-9) Will the Lord cast off FOR EVER <05769>? and will he be favourable no more? Is his mercy clean gone for ever? doth his promise fail for evermore? Hath God forgotten to be gracious? hath he in anger shut up his tender mercies? Selah.

D1 (10) And I said, This is my infirmity: but I will remember THE YEARS of the right hand of the most High.

C1 (11) I will remember the works of Yahweh: surely I will remember thy wonders OF OLD.

B1 (12) I will meditate also of all thy work, and TALK <07878> of thy doings.

A1 (13) Thy way, O GOD <0430>, is in the sanctuary: who is so great a God <0410> AS OUR GOD <0430>?

PSALM 78:38-45

A (38) But he, being full of compassion, forgave their iniquity, and DESTROYED THEM NOT: yea, many a time turned he his anger away, and did not stir up all his wrath.

B (39) For HE REMEMBERED that they were but flesh;

C (39) a wind that passeth away, and COMETH NOT AGAIN <07725>.

D (40) How oft did they provoke him in the wilderness, and grieve him in the desert!

C1 (41) Yea, THEY TURNED BACK <07725> and tempted God, and limited the Holy One of Israel.

B1 (42) THEY REMEMBERED not his hand, nor the day when he delivered them from the enemy.

A1 (43-45) How he had wrought his signs in Egypt, and his wonders in the field of Zoan: And had turned their rivers into blood; and their floods, that they could not drink. He sent divers sorts of flies among them, which devoured them; and frogs, WHICH DESTROYED THEM.

PSALM 78:48-50

A (48) HE GAVE UP their cattle also to the hail, and their flocks to hot thunderbolts.

B (49) He cast upon them the fierceness OF HIS ANGER, wrath, and indignation, and trouble,

C (49) by sending evil angels among them.

B1 (50) He made a way TO HIS ANGER;

A1 (50) he spared not their soul from death, but GAVE their life over to the pestilence;

PSALM 78:59-67

A (59) When God heard this, he was wroth, and greatly ABHORRED <03988> Israel:

B (60) So that he forsook the tabernacle of Shiloh, the tent which he placed among men; And DELIVERED <05414> his strength into captivity,

C (60) and his glory into THE ENEMY’S hand.

D (62) He gave his people over also unto THE SWORD; and was wroth with his inheritance.

E (63) The fire consumed their young men; and their maidens were not given to marriage.

D1 (64) Their priests fell by THE SWORD; and their widows made no lamentation.

C1 (65,66) Then the Lord awaked as one out of sleep, and like a mighty man that shouteth by reason of wine. And he smote HIS ENEMIES in the hinder parts:

B1 (66) HE PUT <05414> them to a perpetual reproach.

A1 (67) Moreover HE REFUSED <03988> the tabernacle of Joseph, and chose not the tribe of Ephraim:

PSALM 80:14-19

A (14) Return <07725>, we beseech thee, O GOD OF HOSTS: look down from heaven, and behold, and visit this vine;

B (15) And the vineyard which THY RIGHT HAND hath planted, and the BRANCH <01121> THAT THOU MADEST STRONG FOR THYSELF.

C (16) It is burned with fire, it is cut down: they perish at the rebuke of thy countenance.

B1 (17) Let thy hand be upon the man OF THY RIGHT HAND, UPON THE SON <01121> of man whom THOU MADEST STRONG FOR THYSELF. So will not we go back from thee: quicken us, and we will call upon thy name.

A1 (19) TURN US AGAIN <07725>, O Yahweh GOD OF HOSTS, cause thy face to shine; and we shall be saved.

PSALM 81:10-15

A (10) I am YAHWEH thy God, which brought thee out of the land of Egypt: open thy mouth wide, and I will fill it.

B (11) But MY PEOPLE WOULD NOT HEARKEN to my voice; AND ISRAEL would none of me.

C (12) So I gave them up unto their own hearts’ lust: and they walked in their own counsels.

B1 (13) Oh that MY PEOPLE HAD HEARKENED unto me, AND ISRAEL had walked in my ways!

A1 (14,15) I should soon have subdued their enemies, and turned my hand against their adversaries. The haters of YAHWEH should have submitted themselves unto him: but their time should have endured for ever.

PSALM 84:3-6

A (3) Yea, the sparrow hath found an house, and the swallow a nest for herself, where SHE MAY LAY <07896> her young, even thine altars, O Yahweh of hosts, my King, and my God.

B (4) BLESSED are they that dwell in thy house:

C (4) they will be still praising thee. Selah.

B1 (5) BLESSED is the man whose strength is in thee; in whose heart are the ways of them.

A1 (6) Who passing through the valley of Baca MAKE <07896> it a well; the rain also filleth the pools.

PSALM 84:5-12

A (5) BLESSED IS THE MAN whose strength is in thee; in whose heart are the ways of them. Who passing through the valley of Baca make it a well; the rain also filleth the pools. They go from strength to strength, every one of them in Zion appeareth before God.

B (8) O Yahweh God OF HOSTS, hear my prayer: give ear, O God of Jacob. Selah.

C (9) Behold, O God our SHIELD, and look upon the face of thine anointed.

D (10) For a day in thy courts is better than a thousand. I had rather be a doorkeeper in the house of my God, than to dwell in the tents of wickedness.

C1 (11) For Yahweh God is a sun and SHIELD: Yahweh will give grace and glory: no good thing will he withhold from them that walk uprightly.

B1 (12) O Yahweh OF HOSTS,

A1 (12) BLESSED IS THE MAN that trusteth in thee.

PSALM 85:1-7

A (1) YAHWEH, thou hast been favourable unto thy land: thou hast brought back the captivity of Jacob.

B (2) Thou hast forgiven the iniquity OF THY PEOPLE, thou hast covered all their sin. Selah.

C (3) Thou hast taken away all thy wrath: thou hast turned thyself from the fierceness OF THINE ANGER.

D (4) Turn us, O God of our salvation, and cause thine anger toward us to cease.

C1 (5) Wilt thou be angry with us for ever? wilt thou draw out THINE ANGER to all generations?

B1 (6) Wilt thou not revive us again: that THY PEOPLE may rejoice in thee?

A1 (7) Shew us thy mercy, O YAHWEH, and grant us thy salvation.

PSALM 85:8-12

A (8) I will hear what God YAHWEH will speak: for he will speak peace unto his people, and to his saints: but let them not turn again to folly.

B (9) Surely his salvation is nigh them that fear him; that glory may dwell IN OUR LAND <0776>.

C (10) Mercy and truth are met together; righteousness and peace have kissed each other.

B1 (11) Truth shall spring out OF THE EARTH <0776>; and righteousness shall look down from heaven.

A1 (12) Yea, YAHWEH shall give that which is good; and our land shall yield her increase.

PSALM 86:1-6

A (T) A PRAYER of David.

B (1) Bow down thine ear, O YAHWEH, hear me: for I am poor and needy.

C (2) Preserve MY SOUL; for I am holy: O thou my God, save THY SERVANT that trusteth in thee.

D (3) Be merciful unto me, O Lord: for I cry unto thee daily.

C1 (4,5) Rejoice THE SOUL OF THY SERVANT: for unto thee, O Lord, do I lift up MY SOUL. For thou, Lord, art good, and ready to forgive; and plenteous in mercy unto all them that call upon thee.

B1 (6) Give ear, O YAHWEH,

A1 (6) unto MY PRAYER; and attend to the voice of my supplications.

PSALM 86:8-12

A (8) Among THE GODS there is none like unto thee, O Lord; neither are there any works like unto thy works.

B (9) All nations whom thou hast made shall come and worship before thee, O Lord; and shall glorify THY NAME.

C (10) For thou art great, and doest wondrous things: thou art God alone.

B (11) Teach me thy way, O Yahweh; I will walk in thy truth: unite my heart to fear THY NAME.

A1 (12) I will praise thee, O Lord MY GOD, with all my heart: and I will glorify thy name for evermore.

PSALM 86:11-17

A (11) Teach me thy way, O YAHWEH;

B (11) I will walk IN THY TRUTH: unite my heart to fear thy name.

C (12) I will praise thee, O LORD

D (12) MY GOD <0430>, with all my heart: and I will glorify thy name for evermore.

E (13) For great is thy mercy toward me: and thou hast delivered my soul from the lowest hell.

D1 (14) O GOD <0430>, the proud are risen against me, and the assemblies of violent men have sought after my soul; and have not set thee before them.

C1 (15) But thou, O LORD,

B1 (15) art a God <0410> full of compassion, and gracious, longsuffering, and plenteous in mercy and TRUTH.

A1 (16,17) O turn unto me, and have mercy upon me; give thy strength unto thy servant, and save the son of thine handmaid. Shew me a token for good; that they which hate me may see it, and be ashamed: because thou, YAHWEH, hast holpen me, and comforted me.

PSALM 88:5-10

A (5) Free among THE DEAD <04191>, like the slain that lie in the grave, whom thou rememberest no more: and they are cut off from thy hand.

B (6) THOU HAST LAID <07896> me in the lowest pit, in darkness, in the deeps.

C (7) Thy wrath lieth hard upon me, and thou hast afflicted me with all thy waves. Selah.

B1 (9) Thou hast put away mine acquaintance far from me; THOU HAST MADE <07896> me an abomination unto them: I am shut up, and I cannot come forth. Mine eye mourneth by reason of affliction: Yahweh, I have called daily upon thee, I have stretched out my hands unto thee.

A1 (10) Wilt thou shew wonders TO THE DEAD <04191>? shall the dead <07496> arise and praise thee? Selah.

PSALM 89:1-5

A (1) I will sing of the mercies OF YAHWEH for ever:

B (1) with my mouth will I make known thy faithfulness TO ALL GENERATIONS.

C (2) For I have said, Mercy SHALL BE BUILT UP for ever:

D (2) thy faithfulness SHALT THOU ESTABLISH in the very heavens.

E (3) I have made a covenant with my chosen, I have sworn unto David my servant,

D1 (4) Thy seed WILL I ESTABLISH for ever,

C1 (4) and BUILD UP thy throne


A1 (5) And the heavens shall praise thy wonders, O YAHWEH: thy faithfulness also in the congregation of the saints.

PSALM 89:5-11

A (5) And THE HEAVENS shall praise thy wonders,


C (5) in the congregation OF THE SAINTS.

D (6) For who in the heaven can be compared unto Yahweh? who among the sons of the mighty can be likened unto Yahweh?

C1 (7) God is greatly to be feared in the assembly OF THE SAINTS, and to be had in reverence of all them that are about him.

B1 (8-10) O YAHWEH God of hosts, who is a strong YAHWEH like unto thee? or TO THY FAITHFULNESS round about thee? Thou rulest the raging of the sea: when the waves thereof arise, thou stillest them. Thou hast broken Rahab in pieces, as one that is slain; thou hast scattered thine enemies with thy strong arm.

A1 (11) THE HEAVENS are thine, the earth also is thine: as for the world and the fulness thereof, thou hast founded them.

PSALM 89:10-17

A (10) Thou hast broken Rahab in pieces, as one that is slain; thou hast scattered thine enemies with thy STRONG <05797> arm.

B (11-13) The heavens are thine, the earth also is thine: as for the world and the fulness thereof, thou hast founded them. The north and the south thou hast created them: Tabor and Hermon shall rejoice IN THY NAME. Thou hast a mighty arm: strong is thy hand, and high is thy right hand.

C (14) Justice and judgment are the habitation of thy throne: mercy and truth shall go BEFORE THY FACE <06440>.

D (15) Blessed is the people that know the joyful sound:

C1 (15) they shall walk, O Yahweh, in the light OF THY COUNTENANCE <06440>.

B1 (16) IN THY NAME shall they rejoice all the day: and in thy righteousness shall they be exalted.

A1 (17) For thou art the glory OF THEIR STRENGTH <05797>: and in thy favour our horn shall be exalted.

PSALM 89:15-19

A (15 ) Blessed is THE PEOPLE that know the joyful sound: they shall walk, O Yahweh, in the light of thy countenance.

B (16,17) In thy name shall they rejoice all the day: and in thy righteousness SHALL THEY BE EXALTED. For thou art the glory of their strength: and in thy favour our horn SHALL BE EXALTED.

C (18) For Yahweh is our defence; and the Holy One of Israel is our king.

B1 (19) Then thou spakest in vision to thy holy one, and saidst, I have laid help upon one that is mighty; I HAVE EXALTED one chosen

A1 (19) out of THE PEOPLE.

PSALM 90:6-14

A (6,7) IN THE MORNING <01242> it flourisheth, and groweth up; in the evening it is cut down, and withereth. For we are consumed by thine anger, and by thy wrath are we troubled.

B (8,9) Thou hast set our iniquities before thee, our secret sins in the light of thy countenance. For ALL OUR DAYS are passed away

C (9) in THY WRATH: we spend our years as a tale that is told.

D (10) The days of our years are threescore years and ten; and if by reason of strength they be fourscore years, yet is their strength labour and sorrow; for it is soon cut off, and we fly away.

C1 (11) Who knoweth the power of thine anger? even according to thy fear, so is THY WRATH.

B1 (12) So teach us to number OUR DAYS, that we may apply our hearts unto wisdom.

A1 (13,14) Return, O Yahweh, how long? and let it repent thee concerning thy servants. O satisfy us EARLY <01242> with thy mercy; that we may rejoice and be glad all our days.

PSALM 90:13-16

A (13) Return, O Yahweh, how long? and let it repent thee concerning THY SERVANTS.

B (14) O satisfy us early with thy mercy; that we may rejoice and BE GLAD ALL OUR DAYS.

B1(15) MAKE US GLAD ACCORDING TO THE DAYS wherein thou hast afflicted us, and the years wherein we have seen evil.

A1 (16) Let thy work appear unto THY SERVANTS, and thy glory unto their children.

PSALM 101:1-8

A (1) «A Psalm of David.» I will sing of mercy and judgment: unto thee, O YAHWEH, will I sing.

B (2) I will behave myself wisely IN A PERFECT WAY.

C (2) O when wilt thou come unto me? I WILL WALK within my house with a perfect heart.

D (3) I will set no wicked thing before MINE EYES: I hate the work of them that turn aside; it shall not cleave to me.

E (4) A froward HEART shall depart from me: I will not know a wicked person.

F (5 ) Whoso privily slandereth his neighbour, him will I cut off:

E1 (5) him that hath an high look and a proud HEART will not I suffer.

D1 (6) MINE EYES shall be upon the faithful of the land, that they may dwell with me:


B1 (6) IN A PERFECT WAY, he shall serve me.

A1 (7,8) He that worketh deceit shall not dwell within my house: he that telleth lies shall not tarry in my sight. I will early destroy all the wicked of the land; that I may cut off all wicked doers from the city of YAHWEH.

PSALM 119:18-27

A (18,19) Open thou mine eyes, that I may behold WONDROUS THINGS out of thy law. I am a stranger in the earth: hide not thy commandments from me.

B (20) MY SOUL breaketh for the longing that it hath unto thy judgments at all times.

C (21,22) Thou hast rebuked the proud that are cursed, which do err from thy commandments. Remove from me reproach and contempt; for I have kept THY TESTIMONIES.

D (23) Princes also did sit and speak against me: but thy servant did meditate in thy statutes.

C1 (24) THY TESTIMONIES also are my delight and my counsellors.

B1 (25) DALETH. MY SOUL cleaveth unto the dust: quicken thou me according to thy word.

A1 (,26,27) I have declared my ways, and thou heardest me: teach me thy statutes. Make me to understand the way of thy precepts: so shall I talk OF THY WONDROUS WORKS.

PSALM 119:32-35

A (32) I will run the way of THY COMMANDMENTS,

B (32) when thou shalt enlarge MY HEART.

C (33) HE. Teach me, O Yahweh, the way of thy statutes; and I shall keep it unto the end.

B1 (34) Give me understanding, and I shall keep thy law; yea, I shall observe it with MY WHOLE HEART.

A1 (35) Make me to go in the path of THY COMMANDMENTS; for therein do I delight.

PSALM 119:63-67

A (63) I am a companion of all them that fear thee, and of them that KEEP thy precepts.

B (64) The earth, O Yahweh, is full of thy mercy: TEACH ME thy statutes.

C (65) TETH. Thou hast dealt well with thy servant, O Yahweh, according unto thy word.

B1 (66) TEACH ME good judgment and knowledge: for I have believed thy commandments.

A1 (67) Before I was afflicted I went astray: but now have I KEPT thy word.

PSALM 119:72-88

A (72) The law of THY MOUTH is better unto me than thousands of gold and silver.

B (73) JOD. Thy hands have made me and fashioned me: give me understanding, that I may learn THY COMMANDMENTS.

C (74,75) They that fear thee will be glad when they see me; because I have hoped in thy word. I know, O Yahweh, that THY JUDGMENTS are right, and that thou in faithfulness hast afflicted me.

D (76) Let, I pray thee, thy merciful kindness be for MY COMFORT,

E (76,77) according to THY WORD unto thy servant. Let thy tender mercies come unto me, that I may live: for thy law is my delight.

F (78) Let the proud BE ASHAMED; for they dealt perversely with me without a cause: but I will meditate in thy precepts.

G (79) Let those that fear thee turn unto me, and those that have known thy testimonies.

F1 (80) Let my heart be sound in thy statutes; that I BE NOT ASHAMED.

E1 (81,82) CAPH. My soul fainteth for thy salvation: but I hope in thy word.Mine eyes fail for THY WORD, saying,

D1 (82,83) When WILT THOU COMFORT ME? For I am become like a bottle in the smoke; yet do I not forget thy statutes.

C1 (84,85) How many are the days of thy servant? when wilt thou execute JUDGMENT on them that persecute me? The proud have digged pits for me, which are not after thy law.

B1 (86,87) All THY COMMANDMENTS are faithful: they persecute me wrongfully; help thou me. They had almost consumed me upon earth; but I forsook not thy precepts.

A1 (88) Quicken me after thy lovingkindness; so shall I keep the testimony of THY MOUTH.

PSALM 119:94-100

A (94) I am thine, save me; for I have sought THY PRECEPTS.

B (95) The wicked have waited for me to destroy me: but I WILL CONSIDER <0995> thy testimonies.

C (96) I have seen an end of all perfection: but THY COMMANDMENT is exceeding broad.

D (97) MEM. O how love I thy law! it is my meditation all the day.

C1 (98) Thou through THY COMMANDMENTS hast made me wiser than mine enemies: for they are ever with me.

B1 (99,100) I have more understanding than all my teachers: for thy testimonies are my meditation. I UNDERSTAND <0995> more than the ancients,

A1 (100) because I keep THY PRECEPTS.

PSALM 119:119-125

A (119) Thou puttest away all the wicked of the earth like dross: therefore I love THY TESTIMONIES.

B (120,121) My flesh trembleth for fear of thee; and I am afraid of thy judgments. AIN. I HAVE DONE <06213> judgment

C (121) and JUSTICE <06664>:

D (121) leave me not to mine OPPRESSORS <06231>.

E (122) Be surety for thy servant for good:

D1 (122) let not the proud OPPRESS <06231> me.

C1 (123) Mine eyes fail for thy salvation, and for the word of THY RIGHTEOUSNESS <06664>.

B1 (124) DEAL <06213> with thy servant according unto thy mercy, and teach me thy statutes.

A1 (125) I am thy servant; give me understanding, that I may know THY TESTIMONIES.

PSALM 119:130-139

A (130,131) The entrance of THY WORDS giveth light; it giveth understanding unto the simple. I opened my mouth, and panted: for I longed for thy commandments.

B (132) Look thou upon me, and be merciful unto me, AS THOU USEST <04941> to do unto those that love thy name.

C (133,134) Order my steps in thy word: and let not any iniquity have dominion over me. Deliver me from the oppression of man: SO WILL I KEEP thy precepts.

D (135) Make thy face to shine upon thy servant; and teach me thy statutes.

C1 (136) Rivers of waters run down mine eyes, because THEY KEEP NOT thy law.

B1 (137,138) TZADDI. Righteous art thou, O LORD, and upright are THY JUDGMENTS <04941>. Thy testimonies that thou hast commanded are righteous and very faithful.

A1 (139) My zeal hath consumed me, because mine enemies have forgotten THY WORDS.

PSALM 119:141-153

A (141) I am small and despised: yet DO NOT I FORGET thy precepts.

B (142) Thy righteousness is an everlasting righteousness, and thy law is THE TRUTH.

C (143) Trouble and anguish have taken hold on me: yet THY COMMANDMENTS are my delights.

D (144) The righteousness of thy testimonies is everlasting: give me understanding, and I SHALL LIVE <02421>.

E (145-147) KOPH. I cried with my whole heart; hear me, O Yahweh: I will keep thy statutes. I cried unto thee; save me, and I shall keep thy testimonies. I PREVENTED the dawning of the morning, and cried:

F (147) I hoped in thy word.

E1 (148) Mine eyes PREVENT the night watches, that I might meditate in thy word.

D1 (149) Hear my voice according unto thy lovingkindness: O Yahweh, QUICKEN <02421> me according to thy judgment.

C1 (150, 151) They draw nigh that follow after mischief: they are far from thy law. Thou art near, O Yahweh; and all THY COMMANDMENTS

B1 (151,152) are TRUTH. Concerning thy testimonies, I have known of old that thou hast founded them for ever.

A1 (153) RESH. Consider mine affliction, and deliver me: for I DO NOT FORGET thy law.

PSALM 119:163-165

A (163) I hate and abhor lying: but THY LAW

B (163) DO I LOVE.

C (164) Seven times a day do I praise thee because of thy righteous judgments.

B1 (165) Great peace have they which LOVE

A1 (165) THY LAW: and nothing shall offend them.

PSALM 119:172-176

A (172) My tongue shall speak of thy word: for all THY COMMANDMENTS are righteousness.

B (173) Let thine hand HELP ME; for I have chosen thy precepts.

C (174) I have longed for thy salvation, O LORD; and thy law is my delight.

B1 (175) Let my soul live, and it shall praise thee; and let thy judgments HELP ME.

A1 (176) I have gone astray like a lost sheep; seek thy servant; for I do not forget THY COMMANDMENTS.

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