Proverbs

All the chiasms were identified using exact verbal matches.
PROVERBS 1:1-9

From Nigel and Ken

A (1) The proverbs of Solomon the son of David, king of Israel;

B (2,3) To know wisdom <02451> and instruction; to perceive the words of understanding; To receive the instruction of wisdom <07919>, justice, and judgment, and equity;

C (4) To give subtilty to the simple, to the young man knowledge and discretion.

D (5) A wise man will hear, and will increase learning; and a man of understanding shall attain unto wise counsels:

E (6) To understand a proverb, and the interpretation;

D1 (6) the words of the wise, and their dark sayings.

C1 (7) The fear of Yahweh is the beginning of knowledge:

B1 (7) but fools despise wisdom <02451> and instruction.

A1 (8,9) My son, hear the instruction of thy father, and forsake not the law of thy mother: For they shall be an ornament of grace unto thy head, and chains about thy neck.

PROVERBS 8

A (5) O ye simple, understand wisdom: and, ye fools, be ye of an understanding heart.

B (6) Hear; for I will speak of excellent things; and the opening of my lips shall be right things.

C (7) For my mouth shall speak truth;

B1 (7) and wickedness is an abomination to my lips.

A1 (8,9) All the words of my mouth are in righteousness; there is nothing froward or perverse in them. They are all plain to him that understandeth, and right to them that find knowledge.

 

A (8) All the words of my mouth are in righteousness; there is nothing froward or perverse in them.

B (9) They are all plain to him that understandeth, and right to them that find knowledge.

C (10,11) Receive my instruction, and not silver; and knowledge rather than choice gold. For wisdom is better than rubies;

D (11) and all the things that may be desired are not to be compared to it.

C1 (12) I wisdom dwell with prudence,

B1 (12) and find out knowledge of witty inventions.

A1 (13) The fear of Yahweh is to hate evil: pride, and arrogancy, and the evil way, and the froward mouth, do I hate.

 

A (16) By me princes rule, and nobles, even all the judges of the earth.

B (17) them that love me; and those that seek me early shall find me.

C (18) Riches and honour are with me; yea, durable riches and righteousness.

D (19) My fruit is better than gold, yea, than fine gold; and my revenue than choice silver.

C1 (20) I lead in the way of righteousness, in the midst of the paths of judgment:

B1 (21) That I may cause those that love me to inherit substance; and I will fill their treasures.

A1 (22,23) Yahweh possessed me in the beginning of his way, before his works of old.
I was set up from everlasting, from the beginning, or ever the earth was.

 

A (23) I was set up from everlasting, from the beginning <07218>,

B (23) or ever the earth was.

C (24) When there were no depths, I was brought forth;

D (24,25) when there were no fountains abounding with water.
Before the mountains were settled, before the hills

C1 (25) was I brought forth:

B1 (26) While as yet he had not made the earth, nor the fields,

A1 (26) nor the highest part <07218> of the dust of the world.

 

A (26) While as yet he had not made the earth, nor the fields, nor the highest part of the dust of the world.

B (27) When he prepared the heavens, I was there: when he set <02710> a compass

C (27) upon the face of the depth:

D (28) When he established the clouds above:

C1 (28, 29) when he strengthened the fountains of the deep: When he gave to the sea his decree, that the waters should not pass his commandment:

B1 (29) when he appointed <02710>

A1 (29) the foundations of the earth:

 

A (30,31) Then I was by him, as one brought up with him: and I was daily his delight, rejoicing always before him; Rejoicing in the habitable part of his earth;

B (31) and my delights were with the sons of men.

C (32) Now therefore hearken <08085> unto me, O ye children:

D (32) for blessed are they that keep my ways.

C1 (33) Hear <08085> instruction, and be wise, and refuse it not.

B1 (34) Blessed is the man that heareth me,

A1 (34) watching daily at my gates, waiting at the posts of my doors.

PROVERBS 9:8-12

A (8) Reprove not a scorner, lest he hate thee: rebuke a wise man, and he will love thee.

B (9) Give instruction to a wise man, and he will be yet wiser:

C (9) teach a just man, and he will increase in learning.

D (10) The fear of Yahweh is the beginning of wisdom: and the knowledge of the holy is understanding.

C1 (11) For by me thy days shall be multiplied, and the years of thy life shall be increased.

B1 (12) If thou be wise, thou shalt be wise for thyself:

A1 (12) but if thou scornest, thou alone shalt bear it.

PROVERBS 15:33-16:6

A (33) The fear of Yahweh is the instruction of wisdom; and before honour is humility.

B (1) The preparations of the heart in man, and the answer of the tongue, is from Yahweh.

C (2) All the ways of a man are clean in his own eyes; but Yahweh weigheth the spirits.

D (3) Commit thy works unto Yahweh, and thy thoughts shall be established.

C1 (4) Yahweh hath made all things for himself: yea, even the wicked for the day of evil.

B1 (5) Every one that is proud in heart is an abomination to Yahweh: though hand join in hand, he shall not be unpunished.

A1 (6) By mercy and truth iniquity is purged: and by the fear of Yahweh men depart from evil.

 PROVERBS 15:28-16:5

A (28) The heart of the righteous studieth to answer:

B (28) but the mouth of the wicked poureth out evil things.

C (29) Yahweh is far from the wicked: but he heareth the prayer of the righteous.

D (30) The light of the eyes rejoiceth the heart: and a good report maketh the bones fat.

E (31,32) The ear that heareth the reproof of life abideth among the wise. He that refuseth instruction despiseth his own soul: but he that heareth reproof getteth understanding<03820>.

F(33) The fear of Yahweh is the instruction of wisdom; and before honour is humility.

E1 (1) The preparations of the heart <03820> in man, and the answer of the tongue, is from Yahweh.

D1 (2,3) All the ways of a man are clean in his own eyes; but the Yahweh weigheth the spirits. Commit thy works unto Yahweh, and thy thoughts shall be established.

C1 (4) Yahweh hath made all things for himself: yea, even the wicked

B1 (4) for the day of evil.

A1 (5) Every one that is proud in heart is an abomination to Yahweh: though hand join in hand, he shall not be unpunished.

PROVERBS 18:22-19:2

A (22) Whoso findeth a wife findeth a good thing, and obtaineth favour of Yahweh.

B (23) The poor useth intreaties; but the rich answereth roughly.

C (24) A man that hath friends must shew himself friendly: and there is a friend that sticketh closer than a brother.

B1 (1) Better is the poor that walketh in his integrity, than he that is perverse in his lips, and is a fool.

A1 (2) Also, that the soul be without knowledge, it is not good; and he that hasteth with his feet sinneth.

PROVERBS 19:1-8

A (1) Better <02896> is the poor that walketh in his integrity, than he that is perverse in his lips, and is a fool.

B (2) Also, that the soul be without knowledge, it is not good; and he that hasteth with his feet sinneth.

C (3) The foolishness of man perverteth his way: and his heart <03820> fretteth against Yahweh.

D (4) Wealth maketh many friends; but the poor is separated from his neighbour.

E (5) A false witness shall not be unpunished, and he that speaketh lies shall not escape.

D1 (6) Many will intreat the favour of the prince: and every man is a friend to him that giveth gifts.

C1 (7,8) All the brethren of the poor do hate him: how much more do his friends go far from him? he pursueth them with words, yet they are wanting to him. He that getteth wisdom <03820>

B1(8) loveth his own soul:

A1 (8) he that keepeth understanding shall find good <02896>.

PROVERBS 20:6-15

A (6,7) Most <07230> men will proclaim every one his own goodness: but a faithful man who can find? The just man walketh in his integrity: his children are blessed after him.

B (8,9) A king that sitteth in the throne of judgment scattereth away all evil <07451> with his eyes. Who can say, I have made my heart clean, I am pure from my sin?

C (10) Divers weights, and divers measures, both <08147> of them are alike abomination to Yahweh.

D (11) Even a child is known by his doings, whether his work be pure, and whether it be right.

C1 (12) The hearing ear, and the seeing eye, Yahweh hath made even both <08147> of them.

B1 (13,14) Love not sleep, lest thou come to poverty; open thine eyes, and thou shalt be satisfied with bread. It is naught <07451>, it is naught <07451>, saith the buyer: but when he is gone his way, then he boasteth.

A1 (15) There is gold, and a multitude <07230> of rubies: but the lips of knowledge are a precious jewel.

PROVERBS 21:2-8

A (2) Every way of a man is right in his own eyes: but Yahweh pondereth the hearts.

B (3) To do justice and judgment is more acceptable to Yahweh than sacrifice.

C (4) An high look, and a proud heart, and the plowing of the wicked, is sin.

D (5) The thoughts of the diligent tend only to plenteousness; but of every one that is hasty only to want.

C1 (6,7) The getting of treasures by a lying tongue is a vanity tossed to and fro of them that seek death. The robbery of the wicked shall destroy them;

B1 (7) because they refuse to do judgment.

A1 (8) The way of man is froward and strange: but as for the pure, his work is right.

PROVERBS 21:24-22:1

A (24) Proud and haughty scorner is his name, who dealeth in proud wrath.

B (25,26) The desire of the slothful killeth him; for his hands refuse to labour. He coveteth greedily all the day long: but the righteous giveth and spareth not.

C (27) The sacrifice of the wicked is abomination: how much more, when he bringeth it with a wicked mind?

D (28) A false witness shall perish: but the man that heareth speaketh constantly.

C1 (29,30) A wicked man hardeneth his face: but as for the upright, he directeth his way. There is no wisdom nor understanding nor counsel against Yahweh.

B1 (31) The horse is prepared against the day of battle: but safety is of Yahweh.

A1 (1) A good name is rather to be chosen than great riches, and loving favour rather than silver and gold.

PROVERBS 23:2-6

A (2) And put a knife to thy throat, if thou be a man given to appetite <05315>.

B (3) Be not desirous of his dainties:

C (3) for they are deceitful meat <03899>.

D (4,5) Labour not to be rich: cease from thine own wisdom.
Wilt thou set <05774> <05774> thine eyes upon that which is not?

E (5) for riches certainly make themselves wings;

D1 (5) they fly away <05774> <05774> as an eagle toward heaven.

C1 (6) Eat thou not the bread <03899> of him that hath an evil eye,

B1 (6) neither desire thou his dainty meats:

A1 (7) For as he thinketh in his heart <05315>, so is he: Eat and drink, saith he to thee; but his heart is not with thee.

PROVERBS 23:19-26

A (19-21) Hear thou, my son, and be wise, and guide thine heart in the way. Be not among winebibbers; among riotous eaters of flesh: For the drunkard and the glutton shall come to poverty: and drowsiness shall clothe a man with rags.

B (22) Hearken unto thy father that begat thee, and despise not thy mother when she is old.

C (23) Buy the truth, and sell it not; also wisdom, and instruction, and understanding.

B (24,25) The father of the righteous shall greatly rejoice: and he that begetteth a wise child shall have joy of him. Thy father and thy mother shall be glad, and she that bare thee shall rejoice.

A1 (26) My son, give me thine heart, and let thine eyes observe my ways.

PROVERBS 23:31-33

A (31) Look<07200> not thou upon the wine when it is red,

B (31) when it giveth his colour <05869> in the cup, when it moveth itself aright.

C (32) At the last it biteth like a serpent, and stingeth like an adder.

B1 (33) Thine eyes <05869>

A1 (33) shall behold <07200> strange women, and thine heart shall utter perverse things.

PROVERBS 24:13-22

A (13,14) My son, eat thou honey, because it is good; and the honeycomb, which is sweet to thy taste: So shall the knowledge <03045> of wisdom be unto thy soul: when thou hast found it, then there shall be a reward, and thy expectation shall not be cut off.

B (15,16) Lay not wait, O wicked man, against the dwelling of the righteous; spoil not his resting place: For a just man falleth seven times, and riseth up again: but the wicked shall fall into mischief.

C (17,18) Rejoice not when thine enemy falleth, and let not thine heart be glad when he stumbleth: Lest Yahweh see it, and it displease him, and he turn away his wrath from him.

D (19) Fret not thyself because of evil men, neither be thou envious at the wicked;

E (20) For there shall be no reward to the evil man;

D1 (20) the candle of the wicked shall be put out.

C1 (21) My son, fear thou Yahweh and the king: and meddle not with them that are given to change:

B1 (22) For their calamity shall rise suddenly;

A1 (22,23) and who knoweth <03045> the ruin of them both?

PROVERBS 25:14-23

A (14,15) Whoso boasteth himself of a false gift is like clouds and wind without rain. By long forbearing is a prince persuaded, and a soft tongue breaketh the bone.

B (16) Hast thou found honey? eat so much as is sufficient for thee, lest thou be filled therewith, and vomit it.

C (17) Withdraw thy foot from thy neighbour’s house; lest he be weary of thee, and so hate thee.

D (18) A man that beareth false witness against his neighbour is a maul, and a sword, and a sharp arrow.

C1 (19) Confidence in an unfaithful man in time of trouble is like a broken tooth, and a foot out of joint.

B1 (20-22) As he that taketh away a garment in cold weather, and as vinegar upon nitre, so is he that singeth songs to an heavy heart. If thine enemy be hungry, give him bread to eat; and if he be thirsty, give him water to drink: For thou shalt heap coals of fire upon his head, and the LORD shall reward thee.

A1 (23) The north wind driveth away rain: so doth an angry countenance a backbiting tongue.

PROVERBS 26:11-17

A (11) As a dog returneth to his vomit, so a fool returneth to his folly.

B (12) Seest thou a man wise in his own conceit? there is more hope of a fool than of him.

C (13) The slothful man saith, There is a lion in the way; a lion is in the streets.

D (1) As the door turneth upon his hinges, so doth the slothful upon his bed.

C1 (15) The slothful hideth his hand in his bosom; it grieveth him to bring it again to his mouth.

B1 (16) The sluggard is wiser in his own conceit than seven men that can render a reason.

A1 (17) He that passeth by, and meddleth with strife belonging not to him, is like one that taketh a dog by the ears.

PROVERBS 28:10-18

A (10) Whoso causeth the righteous to go astray in an evil way, he shall fall himself into his own pit: but the upright shall have good things in possession.

B (11) The rich man is wise in his own conceit; but the poor that hath understanding searcheth him out.

C (12) When righteous men do rejoice, there is great glory: but when the wicked rise, a man <0120> is hidden.

D (13) He that covereth his sins shall not prosper:
but whoso confesseth and forsaketh them shall have mercy.

C1 (14) Happy is the man <0120> that feareth alway: but he that hardeneth his heart shall fall into mischief.

B1 (15,16) As a roaring lion, and a ranging bear; so is a wicked ruler over the poor people. The prince that wanteth understanding is also a great oppressor: but he that hateth covetousness shall prolong his days.

A1 (17,18) A man that doeth violence to the blood of any person shall flee to the pit; let no man stay him. Whoso walketh uprightly shall be saved: but he that is perverse in his ways shall fall at once.

PROVERBS 29:6-16

A (2) When the righteous are in authority <07235>, the people rejoice: but when the wicked beareth rule, the people mourn.

B (3) Whoso loveth wisdom rejoiceth his father: but he that keepeth company with harlots spendeth his substance.

C (4) The king by judgment establisheth the land: but he that receiveth gifts overthroweth it.

D (5,6) A man that flattereth his neighbour spreadeth a net for his feet. In the transgression of an evil man there is a snare: but the righteous doth sing and rejoice.

E (7) The righteous considereth the cause of the poor: but the wicked regardeth not to know it.

F (8,9) Scornful men bring a city into a snare: but wise men turn away wrath. If a wise man contendeth with a foolish man, whether he rage or laugh, there is no rest.

G (10) The bloodthirsty hate the upright: but the just seek his soul.

F1 (11) A fool uttereth all his mind: but a wise man keepeth it in till afterwards.

E1 (12) If a ruler hearken to lies, all his servants are wicked.

D1 (13) The poor and the deceitful man meet together: Yahweh lighteneth both their eyes.

C1 (14) The king that faithfully judgeth the poor, his throne shall be established for ever.

B1 (15) The rod and reproof give wisdom: but a child left to himself bringeth his mother to shame.

A1 (16) When the wicked are multiplied <07235>, transgression increaseth: but the righteous shall see their fall.

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