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1 Samuel 30:1-19

 Brian Alexander

A. 1 And it came to pass, when David and his men were come to Ziklag on the third day, that the Amalekites had invaded the south, and Ziklag, and smitten Ziklag, and burned it with fire; 2 And had taken the women captives, that were therein: they slew not any, either great or small, but carried them away, and went on their way.

B. 3 So David and his men came to the city, and, behold, it was burned with fire; and their wives, and their sons, and their daughters, were taken captives. 4 Then David and the people that were with him lifted up their voice and wept, until they had no more power to weep. 5 And David’s two wives were taken captives, Ahinoam the Jezreelitess, and Abigail the wife of Nabal the Carmelite.

C. 6 And David was greatly distressed; for the people spake of stoning him, because the soul of all the people was grieved, every man for his sons and for his daughters: but David encouraged himself in the LORD his God. 7 And David said to Abiathar the priest, Ahimelech’s son, I pray thee, bring me hither the ephod. And Abiathar brought thither the ephod to David. 8 And David enquired at the LORD, saying, Shall I pursue after this troop? shall I overtake them? And he answered him, Pursue: for thou shalt surely overtake them, and without fail recover all. 9 So David went, he and the six hundred men that were with him, and came to the brook Besor, where those that were left behind stayed. 10 But David pursued, he and four hundred men: for two hundred abode behind, which were so faint that they could not go over the brook Besor.

D. 11 And they found an Egyptian in the field, and brought him to David, and gave him bread, and he did eat; and they made him drink water; 12 And they gave him a piece of a cake of figs, and two clusters of raisins: and when he had eaten, his spirit came again to him: for he had eaten no bread, nor drunk any water, three days and three nights.

E.13 And David said unto him, To whom belongest thou? and whence art thou?

D’. And he said, I am a young man of Egypt, servant to an Amalekite; and my master left me, because three days agone I fell sick. 14 We made an invasion upon the south of the Cherethites, and upon the coast which belongeth to Judah, and upon the south of Caleb; and we burned Ziklag with fire.

C’. 15 And David said to him, Canst thou bring me down to this company? And he said, Swear unto me by God, that thou wilt neither kill me, nor deliver me into the hands of my master, and I will bring thee down to this company.

B’. 16 And when he had brought him down, behold, they were spread abroad upon all the earth, eating and drinking, and dancing, because of all the great spoil that they had taken out of the land of the Philistines, and out of the land of Judah. 17 And David smote them from the twilight even unto the evening of the next day: and there escaped not a man of them, save four hundred young men, which rode upon camels, and fled. 18 And David recovered all that the Amalekites had carried away: and David rescued his two wives.

A’. 19 And there was nothing lacking to them, neither small nor great, neither sons nor daughters, neither spoil, nor any thing that they had taken to them: David recovered all. 20 And David took all the flocks and the herds, which they drave before those other cattle, and said, This is David’s spoil.

1 Samuel 9:25-10:16

Note: this passage begins and ends with Saul’s conversation with Samuel about the kingdom. The fulfilment of only one of the three signs is described in detail but this does provide a symmetry. The centre may seem strange – Saul must wait for Samuel to come before the offerings are made – but it has strategic significance. In 1 Sam 13:9 Saul cannot wait any longer and presumes to offer the sacrifices himself. This leads Samuel to pronounce that the kingdom would be taken from Saul.

A. 25 And when they were come down from the high place into the city, Samuel communed with Saul upon the top of the house. 26 And they arose early: and it came to pass about the spring of the day, that Samuel called Saul to the top of the house, saying, Up, that I may send thee away. And Saul arose, and they went out both of them, he and Samuel, abroad. 27 And as they were going down to the end of the city, Samuel said to Saul, Bid the servant pass on before us, (and he passed on,) but stand thou still a while, that I may shew thee the word of God. 10:1 Then Samuel took a vial of oil, and poured it upon his head, and kissed him, and said, Is it not because the LORD hath anointed thee to be captain over his inheritance?

B. 2 When thou art departed from me to day, then thou shalt find two men by Rachel’s sepulchre in the border of Benjamin at Zelzah; and they will say unto thee, The asses which thou wentest to seek are found: and, lo, thy father hath left the care of the asses, and sorroweth for you, saying, What shall I do for my son? 3 Then shalt thou go on forward from thence, and thou shalt come to the plain of Tabor, and there shall meet thee three men going up to God to Bethel, one carrying three kids, and another carrying three loaves of bread, and another carrying a bottle of wine: 4 And they will salute thee, and give thee two loaves of bread; which thou shalt receive of their hands. 5 After that thou shalt come to the hill of God, where is the garrison of the Philistines: and it shall come to pass, when thou art come thither to the city, that thou shalt meet a company of prophets coming down from the high place with a psaltery, and a tabret, and a pipe, and a harp, before them; and they shall prophesy: 6 And the Spirit of the LORD will come upon thee, and thou shalt prophesy with them, and shalt be turned into another man.

C. 7 And let it be, when these signs are come unto thee, that thou do as occasion serve thee;

D. for God is with thee.

E. 8 And thou shalt go down before me to Gilgal; and, behold, I will come down unto thee, to offer burnt offerings, and to sacrifice sacrifices of peace offerings:

F.  seven days shalt thou tarry,

E’. till I come to thee, and shew thee what thou shalt do.

D’. 9 And it was so, that when he had turned his back to go from Samuel, God gave him another heart:

C’. and all those signs came to pass that day.

B’. 10 And when they came thither to the hill, behold, a company of prophets met him; and the Spirit of God came upon him, and he prophesied among them. 11 And it came to pass, when all that knew him beforetime saw that, behold, he prophesied among the prophets, then the people said one to another, What is this that is come unto the son of Kish? Is Saul also among the prophets? 12 And one of the same place answered and said, But who is their father? Therefore it became a proverb, Is Saul also among the prophets? 13 And when he had made an end of prophesying, he came to the high place.

A’. 14 And Saul’s uncle said unto him and to his servant, Whither went ye? And he said, To seek the asses: and when we saw that they were no where, we came to Samuel. 15 And Saul’s uncle said, Tell me, I pray thee, what Samuel said unto you. 16 And Saul said unto his uncle, He told us plainly that the asses were found. But of the matter of the kingdom, whereof Samuel spake, he told him not.

1 Samuel 9:1-24

A. 1 Now there was a man of Benjamin, whose name was Kish, the son of Abiel, the son of Zeror, the son of Bechorath, the son of Aphiah, a Benjamite, a mighty man of power. 2 And he had a son, whose name was Saul, a choice young man, and a goodly: and there was not among the children of Israel a goodlier person than he: from his shoulders and upward he was higher than any of the people.

B. 3 And the asses of Kish Saul’s father were lost. And Kish said to Saul his son, Take now one of the servants with thee, and arise, go seek the asses. 4 And he passed through mount Ephraim, and passed through the land of Shalisha, but they found them not: then they passed through the land of Shalim, and there they were not: and he passed through the land of the Benjamites, but they found them not. 5 And when they were come to the land of Zuph, Saul said to his servant that was with him, Come, and let us return; lest my father leave caring for the asses, and take thought for us.

C. 6 And he said unto him, Behold now, there is in this city a man of God, and he is an honourable man; all that he saith cometh surely to pass: now let us go thither; peradventure he can shew us our way that we should go. 7 Then said Saul to his servant, But, behold, if we go, what shall we bring the man? for the bread is spent in our vessels, and there is not a present to bring to the man of God: what have we? 8 And the servant answered Saul again, and said, Behold, I have here at hand the fourth part of a shekel of silver: that will I give to the man of God, to tell us our way. 9 (Beforetime in Israel, when a man went to enquire of God, thus he spake, Come, and let us go to the seer: for he that is now called a Prophet was beforetime called a Seer.) 10 Then said Saul to his servant, Well said; come, let us go.

D. So they went unto the city where the man of God was.11 And as they went up the hill to the city, they found young maidens going out to draw water, and said unto them, Is the seer here?

E. 12  And they answered them, and said, He is; behold, he is before you: make haste now, for he came to day to the city; for there is a sacrifice of the people to day in the high place: 13 As soon as ye be come into the city,  ye shall straightway find him, before he go up to the high place to eat:

E’. for the people will not eat until he come, because he doth bless the sacrifice; and afterwards they eat that be bidden. Now therefore get you up; for about this time ye shall find him.

D’. 14 And they went up into the city: and when they were come into the city, behold,  Samuel came out against them, for to go up to the high place.

C’. 15 Now the LORD had told Samuel in his ear a day before Saul came, saying, 16 To morrow about this time I will send thee a man out of the land of Benjamin, and thou shalt anoint him to be captain over my people Israel, that he may save my people out of the hand of the Philistines: for I have looked upon my people, because their cry is come unto me. 17 And when Samuel saw Saul, the LORD said unto him, Behold the man whom I spake to thee of! this same shall reign over my people. 18 Then Saul drew near to Samuel in the gate, and said, Tell me, I pray thee, where the seer‘s house is. 19 And Samuel answered Saul, and said, I am the seer: go up before me unto the high place; for ye shall eat with me to day, and to morrow I will let thee go, and will tell thee all that is in thine heart.

B’. 20 And as for thine asses that were lost three days ago, set not thy mind on them; for they are found. And on whom is all the desire of Israel? Is it not on thee, and on all thy father’s house?

A’. 21 And Saul answered and said, Am not I a Benjamite, of the smallest of the tribes of Israel? and my family the least of all the families of the tribe of Benjamin? wherefore then speakest thou so to me? 22 And Samuel took Saul and his servant, and brought them into the parlour, and made them sit in the chiefest place among them that were bidden, which were about thirty persons. 23 And Samuel said unto the cook, Bring the portion which I gave thee, of which I said unto thee, Set it by thee. 24 And the cook took up the shoulder, and that which was upon it, and set it before Saul. And Samuel said, Behold that which is left! set it before thee, and eat: for unto this time hath it been kept for thee since I said, I have invited the people. So Saul did eat with Samuel that day.

1 Samuel 4:12-22

Note: this passage is particularly notable for the way in which priority is given to the loss of the ark of God. It was news of that rather than the death of Eli’s sons that caused Eli to fall and break his neck. Also, with regard to Phinehas’s wife,  the news of the loss of the ark  comes before the death of Eli and Phinehas, and when she names the child it is because of the ark rather than her bereavement – when the reason is repeated in v22 only the loss of the ark is mentioned.

A. 4:12 And there ran a man of Benjamin out of the army, and came to Shiloh the same day with his clothes rent, and with earth upon his head.

B. 13 And when he came, lo, Eli sat upon a seat by the wayside watching: for his heart trembled for the ark of God. And when the man came into the city, and told it, all the city cried out. 14 And when Eli heard the noise of the crying, he said, What meaneth the noise of this tumult? And the man came in hastily, and told Eli.

C. 15 Now Eli was ninety and eight years old; and his eyes were dim, that he could not see.

A’. 16 And the man said unto Eli, I am he that came out of the army, and I fled to day out of the army.

B’. And he said, What is there done, my son? . 17 And the messenger answered and said, Israel is fled before the Philistines, and there hath been also a great slaughter among the people, and thy two sons also, Hophni and Phinehas, are dead, and the ark of God is taken.

C’. 18 And it came to pass, when he made mention of the ark of God, that he fell from off the seat backward by the side of the gate, and his neck brake, and he died: for he was an old man, and heavy. And he had judged Israel forty years.

2A. 19 And his daughter in law, Phinehas’ wife, was with child, near to be delivered:

i. and when she heard the tidings that the ark of God was taken,

ii. and that her father in law and her husband were dead,

2B. she bowed herself and travailed; for her pains came upon her. 20 And about the time of her death the women that stood by her said unto her, Fear not; for thou hast born a son.

2B’. But she answered not, neither did she regard it.

2A’. a.  21 And she named the child Ichabod, saying,  The glory is departed from Israel:

i.  because the ark of God was taken,

ii. and because of her father in law and her husband.

a’. 22 And she said, The glory is departed from Israel:

i’. for the ark of God is taken.

1 Samuel 2:27-36

A. Eli’s priestly family chosen and partake of the offerings
27 And there came a man of God unto Eli, and said unto him, Thus saith the LORD, Did I plainly appear unto the house of thy father, when they were in Egypt in Pharaoh’s house? 28 And did I choose him out of all the tribes of Israel to be my priest, to offer upon mine altar, to burn incense, to wear an ephod before me? and did I give unto the house of thy father all the offerings made by fire of the children of Israel?

B. Eli’s sons abuse the offerings and Eli indulges them
29 Wherefore kick ye at my sacrifice and at mine offering, which I have commanded in my habitation; and honourest thy sons above me, to make yourselves fat with the chiefest of all the offerings of Israel my people?

C. The LORD’s promise to Eli’s family
30 Wherefore the LORD God of Israel saith, I said indeed that thy house, and the house of thy father, should walk before me for ever:

D. The principle stated
but now the LORD saith, Be it far from me; for them that honour me I will honour, and they that despise me shall be lightly esteemed.

C’. The LORD’s promise terminated
31 Behold, the days come, that I will cut off thine arm, and the arm of thy father’s house, that there shall not be an old man in thine house. 32 And thou shalt see an enemy in my habitation, in all the wealth which God shall give Israel: and there shall not be an old man in thine house for ever. 33 And the man of thine, whom I shall not cut off from mine altar, shall be to consume thine eyes, and to grieve thine heart: and all the increase of thine house shall die in the flower of their age.

B’. Eli’s sons to die in one day
34 And this shall be a sign unto thee, that shall come upon thy two sons, on Hophni and Phinehas; in one day they shall die both of them.

A’. Eli’s priestly family replaced and pleading for employment 
35 And I will raise me up a faithful priest, that shall do according to that which is in mine heart and in my mind: and I will build him a sure house; and he shall walk before mine anointed for ever. 36 And it shall come to pass, that every one that is left in thine house shall come and crouch to him for a piece of silver and a morsel of bread, and shall say, Put me, I pray thee, into one of the priests’ offices, that I may eat a piece of bread.

Luke 18:1-8

Note; the parallels are mainly contrastive.

A. 18:1 And he spake a parable unto them to this end, that men ought always to pray, and not to faint;

B. 2 Saying, There was in a city a judge, which feared not God, neither regarded man: 3 And there was a widow in that city; and she came unto him, saying, Avenge me of mine adversary. 4 And he would not for a while:

C.i. but afterward he said within himself,

ii. Though I fear not God, nor regard man; 5 Yet because this widow troubleth me, I will avenge her,

iii. lest by her continual coming

iv. she weary me.

C’.i.  6 And the Lord said, Hear what the unjust judge saith.

ii. 7 And shall not God avenge his own elect,

iii. which cry day and night unto him,

iv. though he bear long with them?

B’. 8 I tell you that he will avenge them speedily.

A’. Nevertheless when the Son of man cometh, shall he find faith on the earth?

2 Samuel 9:1-7

Note: From Matt Van Dyken who says “It is an interesting chiasm because it highlights how David acted towards Mephibosheth, though a son of Saul, yet he was a son of Jonathan, to whom David had sworn ‘hesed’. And secondly, it is interesting because Mephibosheth is taken from the place of No Word (Lo Debar) to David’s house.”

A. 1 And David said, Is there yet any that is left of the house of Saul, that I may shew him kindness for Jonathan’s sake?

B. 2 And there was of the house of Saul a servant whose name was Ziba. And when they had called him unto David, the king said unto him, Art thou Ziba? And he said, Thy servant is he.

C. 3 And the king said, Is there not yet any of the house of Saul, that I may shew the kindness of God unto him?

D. And Ziba said unto the king, Jonathan hath yet a son, which is lame on his feet. 4 And the king said unto him, Where is he?

E. And Ziba said unto the king, Behold, he is in the house of Machir, the son of Ammiel, in Lodebar.

F. 5 Then king David sent, and fetched him

E’. out of the house of Machir, the son of Ammiel, from Lodebar.

D’. 6 Now when Mephibosheth, the son of Jonathan,

C’. the son of Saul, was come unto David, he fell on his face, and did reverence.

B’. And David said, Mephibosheth. And he answered, Behold thy servant!

A’. 7 And David said unto him, Fear not: for I will surely shew thee kindness for Jonathan thy father’s sake, and will restore thee all the land of Saul thy father; and thou shalt eat bread at my table continually.

1 Samuel 6:1-7:2

Note; In this cycle the ark of God leaves the gentile Philistines and ends up with the gentile people of Kirjathjearim (Gibeonites). The Gentiles show more respect to the God of Israel than did the people of Bethshemesh who looked in the ark. The sacrifice of the cows on the cart was not an effective offering when the people’s behaviour was wayward. The clumsy offering of the gentiles did seem to be accepted because the their motives were good. 

A. 1 And the ark of the LORD was in the country of the Philistines seven months. 2 And the Philistines called for the priests and the diviners, saying, What shall we do to the ark of the LORD? tell us wherewith we shall send it to his place. 3 And they said, If ye send away the ark of the God of Israel, send it not empty; but in any wise return him a trespass offering: then ye shall be healed, and it shall be known to you why his hand is not removed from you.

B1. trespass offering itemised – 4 Then said they, What shall be the trespass offering which we shall return to him? They answered, Five golden emerods, and five golden mice, according to the number of the Lords of the Philistines: for one plague was on you all, and on your Lords. 5 Wherefore ye shall make images of your emerods, and images of your mice that mar the land;

B2. Recognising the holiness of YHWH – and ye shall give glory unto the God of Israel: peradventure he will lighten his hand from off you, and from off your gods, and from off your land. 6 Wherefore then do ye harden your hearts, as the Egyptians and Pharaoh hardened their hearts? when he had wrought wonderfully among them, did they not let the people go, and they departed?

C. The ark leaves the Philistines
7 Now therefore make a new cart,
a. and take two milch kine, on which there hath come no yoke,
b. and tie the kine to the cart,
c. and bring their calves home from them:
d. 8 And take the ark of the LORD, and lay it upon the cart;
e. and put the jewels of gold, which ye return him for a trespass offering, in a coffer by the side thereof;
f. and send it away, that it may go. 9 And see, if it goeth up by the way of his own coast to Bethshemesh, then he hath done us this great evil: but if not, then we shall know that it is not his hand that smote us: it was a chance that happened to us.

a’. 10 And the men did so; and took two milch kine,
b’. and tied them to the cart,
c’. and shut up their calves at home:
d’.11 And they laid the ark of the LORD upon the cart,
e’. and the coffer with the mice of gold and the images of their emerods.
f’. 12 And the kine took the straight way to the way of Bethshemesh, and went along the highway, lowing as they went, and turned not aside to the right hand or to the left;

C’. The ark arrives in Bethshemesh
a. and the Lords of the Philistines went after them unto the border of Bethshemesh.

b. 13 And they of Bethshemesh were reaping their wheat harvest in the valley: and they lifted up their eyes, and saw the ark, and rejoiced to see it. 14 And the cart came into the field of Joshua, a Bethshemite, and stood there, where there was a great stone:

c. and they clave the wood of the cart, and offered the kine a burnt offering unto the LORD.

b’. 15 And the Levites took down the ark of the LORD, and the coffer that was with it, wherein the jewels of gold were, and put them on the great stone: and the men of Bethshemesh offered burnt offerings and sacrificed sacrifices the same day unto the LORD.

a’. 16 And when the five LORDs of the Philistines had seen it, they returned to Ekron the same day.

B1’. Trespass offering itemised – The number of the 17 And these are the golden emerods which the Philistines returned for a trespass offering unto the LORD; for Ashdod one, for Gaza one, for Askelon one, for Gath one, for Ekron one; 18 And the golden mice, according to the number of all the cities of the Philistines belonging to the five Lords, both of fenced cities, and of country villages, even unto the great stone of Abel, whereon they set down the ark of the LORD: which stone remaineth unto this day in the field of Joshua, the Bethshemite.

B2’. Recognising the holiness of YHWH – 19 And he smote the men of Bethshemesh, because they had looked into the ark of the LORD, even he smote of the people fifty thousand and threescore and ten men: and the people lamented, because the LORD had smitten many of the people with a great slaughter. 20 And the men of Bethshemesh said, Who is able to stand before this holy LORD God? and to whom shall he go up from us?

A’. 21 And they sent messengers to the inhabitants of Kirjathjearim, saying, The Philistines have brought again the ark of the LORD; come ye down, and fetch it up to you. 7:1 And the men of Kirjathjearim came, and fetched up the ark of the LORD, and brought it into the house of Abinadab in the hill, and sanctified Eleazar his son to keep the ark of the LORD. 2 And it came to pass, while the ark abode in Kirjathjearim, that the time was long; for it was twenty years: and all the house of Israel lamented after the LORD.

Judges 13-16 A Samson Cycle?

Note: has anyone come across a suggestion of a Samson cycle? The significance of the middle incident may be found in Genesis 22:17 where Abraham is told that ” thy seed shall possess the gate of his enemies”. Samson took the gates of Gaza to Hebron, the burial site of Abraham. 

A. Samson’s birth and dedication as a Nazarite 13:1-25
13:5 For, lo, thou shalt conceive, and bear a son; and no razor shall come on his head: for the child shall be a Nazarite unto God from the womb: and he shall begin to deliver Israel out of the hand of the Philistines …8 Then Manoah intreated the LORD … 24 And the woman bare a son, and called his name Samson: and the child grew, and the Lord blessed him.

B. Samson and a woman in Timnath 13:25-15:20
15 And it came to pass on the seventh day, that they said unto Samson’s wife, Entice thy husband, that he may declare unto us the riddle … 16 And Samson’s wife wept before him, and said, Thou dost but hate me, and lovest me not 17 And she wept before him the seven days, while their feast lasted: and it came to pass on the seventh day, that he told her, because she lay sore upon him: and she told the riddle to the children of her people …

C. Samson and the harlot of Gaza 16:1-5
16;1 Then went Samson to Gaza, and saw there an harlot, and went in unto her. 2 And it was told the Gazites, saying, Samson is come hither. And they compassed him in, and laid wait for him all night in the gate of the city, and were quiet all the night, saying, In the morning, when it is day, we shall kill him. 3 And Samson lay till midnight, and arose at midnight, and took the doors of the gate of the city, and the two posts, and went away with them, bar and all, and put them upon his shoulders, and carried them up to the top of an hill that is before Hebron.

B’. Samson and Delilah 16:4-17a
… 6 And Delilah said to Samson, Tell me, I pray thee, wherein thy great strength lieth … 15 And she said unto him, How canst thou say, I love thee, when thine heart is not with me?… 16 And it came to pass, when she pressed him daily with her words, and urged him, so that his soul was vexed unto death; 17 That he told her all his heart …

A’. Samson’s Nazarite vow broken then renewed and his death 16:17b-31
… 17 and said unto her, There hath not come a razor upon mine head; for I have been a Nazarite unto God from my mother’s womb: if I be shaven, then my strength will go from me, and I shall become weak, and be like any other man … and she caused him to shave off the seven locks of his head … And he wist not that the LORD was departed from him … 22 Howbeit the hair of his head began to grow again after he was shaven. … 28 And Samson called unto the LORD .… 31 Then his brethren and all the house of his father came down, and took him, and brought him up, and buried him between Zorah and Eshtaol in the buryingplace of Manoah his father. And he judged Israel twenty years.

Isaiah 5:8-25

A. Woes
a. 8 Woe unto them that join house to house,
that lay field to field, till there be no place,
that they may be placed alone in the midst of the earth!
9 In mine ears said the LORD of hosts,
Of a truth many houses shall be desolate,
even great and fair, without inhabitant.
10 Yea, ten acres of vineyard shall yield one bath,
and the seed of an homer shall yield an ephah.

b. 11 Woe unto them that rise up early in the morning, that they may follow strong drink;
that continue until night, till wine inflame them!
12 And the harp, and the viol, the tabret, and pipe,
and wine, are in their feasts:
but they regard not the work of the LORD,
neither consider the operation of his hands.

B. Therefore
a. 13 Therefore my people are gone into captivity, because they have no knowledge:
and their honourable men are famished,
and their multitude dried up with thirst.

b. 14 Therefore hell hath enlarged herself,
and opened her mouth without measure:
and their glory, and their multitude, and their pomp,
and he that rejoiceth, shall descend into it.
15 And the mean man shall be brought down,
and the mighty man shall be humbled,
and the eyes of the lofty shall be humbled:
16 But the LORD of hosts shall be exalted in judgment,
and God that is holy shall be sanctified in righteousness.
17 Then shall the lambs feed after their manner,
and the waste places of the fat ones shall strangers eat.

A’. Woes
a. 18 Woe unto them that draw iniquity with cords of vanity,
and sin as it were with a cart rope:
19 That say, Let him make speed, and hasten his work,
that we may see it:
and let the counsel of the Holy One of Israel draw nigh and come,
that we may know it!

b. 20 Woe unto them that call evil good, and good evil;
that put darkness for light, and light for darkness;
that put bitter for sweet, and sweet for bitter!

c. 21 Woe unto them that are wise in their own eyes,
and prudent in their own sight!

d. 22 Woe unto them that are mighty to drink wine,
and men of strength to mingle strong drink:
23 Which justify the wicked for reward,
and take away the righteousness of the righteous from him!

B’. Therefore
a. 24 Therefore as the fire devoureth the stubble,
and the flame consumeth the chaff,
so their root shall be as rottenness,
and their blossom shall go up as dust:
because they have cast away the law of the LORD of hosts,
and despised the word of the Holy One of Israel.

b. 25 Therefore is the anger of the LORD kindled against his people,
and he hath stretched forth his hand against them, and hath smitten them:
and the hills did tremble, and their carcases were torn in the midst of the streets.
For all this his anger is not turned away,
but his hand is stretched out still.
26 And he will lift up an ensign to the nations from far,
and will hiss unto them from the end of the earth:
and, behold, they shall come with speed swiftly:
27 None shall be weary nor stumble among them;
none shall slumber nor sleep;
neither shall the girdle of their loins be loosed,
nor the latchet of their shoes be broken:
28 Whose arrows are sharp, and all their bows bent,
their horses’ hoofs shall be counted like flint,
and their wheels like a whirlwind:
29 Their roaring shall be like a lion,
they shall roar like young lions:
yea, they shall roar, and lay hold of the prey,
and shall carry it away safe, and none shall deliver it.
30 And in that day they shall roar against them like the roaring of the sea:
and if one look unto the land, behold darkness and sorrow,
and the light is darkened in the heavens thereof.