All posts by Nigel


A (14) For he is our PEACE,

B (14) who HATH MADE <4160>

C (14) both ONE, and hath broken down the middle wall of partition between us;

D (15) Having abolished in his flesh the enmity, even the law of commandments contained in ordinances;

C′ (15) for to make <2936> in himself of twain ONE new man,

B′ (15) so MAKING <4160>

A′ (15) PEACE;

JOB 38:6-12

A (6, 7) Whereupon are the foundations thereof fastened? or who laid the corner stone thereof; When THE MORNING stars sang together, and all the sons of God shouted for joy?

B (8) Or who shut up the sea with DOORS, when it brake forth, as if it had issued out of the womb?

C (9) When I MADE <07760> the cloud the garment thereof, and thick darkness a swaddlingband for it,

D (10) and brake up for it my decreed place,

C′ (10) and SET <07760> bars

B′ (10, 11) and DOORS, And said, Hitherto shalt thou come, but no further: and here shall thy proud waves be stayed?

A′ (12) Hast thou commanded THE MORNING since thy days; and caused the dayspring to know his place;

EXODUS 20:8-11

A (8) Remember the SABBATH day, to keep it holy.

B (9) SIX days shalt thou labour,

C (9) and do all thy WORK:

D (10) But the seventh day is the sabbath of Yahweh thy God:

C′ (10) in it thou shalt not do any WORK, thou, nor thy son, nor thy daughter, thy manservant, nor thy maidservant, nor thy cattle, nor thy stranger that is within thy gates:

B′ (11) For in SIX days Yahweh made heaven and earth, the sea, and all that in them is, and rested the seventh day:

A′ (11) wherefore Yahweh blessed the SABBATH day, and hallowed it.

EXODUS 9:33, 34

A (33) And Moses went out of the city from Pharaoh, and spread abroad his hands unto Yahweh: and THE THUNDERS

B (33) and HAIL ceased,

C (33) and THE RAIN was not poured upon the earth.

D (34) And when Pharaoh saw

C′ (34) that THE RAIN

B′ (34) and THE HAIL

A′ (34) and THE THUNDERS were ceased, he sinned yet more, and hardened his heart, he and his servants.

ROMANS 6:18-20

A (18) Being then MADE FREE from sin,

B (18) ye BECAME THE SERVANTS of righteousness.

C (19) I speak after the manner of men because of the infirmity of your flesh: for as ye have yielded your members servants to uncleanness and to iniquity unto iniquity; even so now yield your members servants to righteousness unto holiness.

B′ (20) For when ye were THE SERVANTS of sin,

A′ (20) ye were FREE from righteousness.


Try matching your two hands together. If you place one on top of the other, the thumb and fingers of one hand will be in the opposite order to those of the other. Now place the two hands together so that the palms touch. The thumb and fingers match, but the hands are facing opposite directions. Then turn the two hands so that they are both facing away from you. There is now a ‘chiasm’ with the thumbs in the middle and the little fingers ‘first and last’ respectively.

Now place your right hand in front of a mirror. You can match the thumb and fingers together with the reflection, but the hand in the mirror is facing the other way. It is as though you are facing somebody and matching your right hand with their left hand.* This principle is seen in Genesis 48:13 when Joseph tries to ensure that Jacob’s left hand was placed on Ephraim and his right hand on Manasseh. This leads to a chiasm in the text:

A. And Joseph took them both, Ephraim in his RIGHT hand

B. toward Israel’s LEFT hand,

B′. and Manasseh in his LEFT hand

A′. toward Israel’s RIGHT hand, and brought them near unto him.

When doing the daily readings on 10/1/17 and reading about the angels taking the hands of Lot and his family (Genesis 19:16) it occurred to me that the linking of hands may be a way of describing inverted quotations. When a person takes somebody’s hand, if he uses, say, his right hand then he will usually hold the left hand of the other person. The thumbs and fingers will match but the two hands are facing opposite directions. If two people shake hands they will both use the same hand, for example, “the right hands of fellowship” (Gal. 2:9), but not only are the palms of the two hands facing opposite directions, so are the directions in which the hand and arm are pointing.

The above leads to the following suggestion for helping us describe inverted quotations:

When a quotation inverts the original text it is like a handshake. Just as the hands point in different directions so sections of the passage are in opposite order. The passage is ‘linking hands’ with the other passage.

Can the hand be used to represent part of Scripture? There are some passages which potentially support this view. Christ is described as the Word “made flesh” (Jno. 1:14) and the addition of new revelations in the first century is described as a body becoming complete: “Till we all come in the unity of the faith, and of the knowledge of the Son of God, unto a perfect man, unto the measure of the stature of the fulness of Christ” (Eph. 4:13). The hand is often invoked when a revelation is given, for example, “…according to the word of Yahweh by the hand of Moses” (Num. 4:45).

We often say that ‘this passage links with that passage’. Given that God is the Author of the Word these links are not just cold facts, they are infused with the warmth of a handshake.

* The inability to match an object with its reflection is known as chirality, which comes from the Greek for ‘hand’.